utilize radio waves and/or microwaves to maintain communication channels between computers. Wireless networking is a more modern alternative to wired networking thatrelies on copper and/or fiber optic cabling between network devices.A wireless network offers advantages and disadvantages compared to a wired network.Advantages of wireless include mobility and elimination of unsightly cables. Disadvantages of wireless include the potential for radio interference due to weather, other wireless devices, or obstructions like walls.
ENERATIONS OF WIRELESS NETWORK
- The first generation
1G refers to the first-generation of wireless telephone technology, mobile telecommunications. Itwas using analog telecommunications standards that were introduced in the 1980s. It has theability to transfer calls from one site to the next as the user travelled between cells during aconversation, as 1G was based on Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) for transfer between cells. It was very vague and had a low capacity. These services are provided with circuitswitching. This allows users to make voice calls in 1 country.
-The second generation
In the 1990s, the 'second generation' mobile phone systems emerged; primarily using the GSMstandard. It was their first major upgrade when they went from 1G to 2G. This leap effectivelytook cell phones from analog to digital. With this second generation introduced a new variant of communication called SMS or text messaging. Across the world, many operators adopted theGlobal System for Mobile communication (GSM) standard, which used Time Division MultipleAccess (TDMA) Planned for voice transmission with digital signal and the speeds up to 64kbps 2G was the digital handsets that we are used today, with 2.5G representing handsets with datacapabilities over GPRS