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Pompa dan Kompressor

Pompa dan Kompressor

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Published by: Puji Lestari on Jun 26, 2011
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05/03/2013

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Pompa dan Kompresor 
Ir. Uung Ungkawa, MT
2007
 
Pengantar 
Dalam zaman modern sekarang ini, Pompa dan Kompresor banyak menyentuh kehidupanmanusia dari rumah tangga hingga industri. Oleh karena itu mata kuliah Pompa dan Kompresor merupakan mata kuliah wajib di beberapa jurusan teknik seperti Teknik Mesin dan Teknik Perminyakan.Buku ini adalah buku pegangan mata kuliah tersebut dan merupakan hasil ramuan yangmengambil materi tidak saja dari buku-buku Pompa dan Kompresor yang klasik tetapi juga dari berbagai sumber lain yang mutakhir termasuk dari beberapa website yang kompeten. Akantetapi, tentu tidak sekedar mutakhir, buku ini juga berorientasi pada pengalaman dan permasalahan praktis. Jadi, buku ini berusaha memaparkan bahasan yang selama ini masihtersembunyi atau yang belum diungkap buku lain.Kami menyadari mungkin masih ada kekurangan yang tidak kami sadari. Oleh karena itu, kamimembuka diri untuk mendapat masukan demi perbaikan buku ini di kemudian hari. Semoga banyak memberi manfaat bagi kita semua baik dari kalangan akademik, industri maupun praktisi.Bandung, Agustus 2007Penulis
i
 
Daftar Isi
PENGANTAR..............................................................................................................................................IDAFTAR ISI..............................................................................................................................................IIBAGIAN 1 POMPA....................................................................................................................................11. PENDAHULUAN....................................................................................................................................2
1.1. L
ATAR 
B
ELAKANG
...................................................................................................................................21.2. T
EKANAN
 
DAN
S
ATUANNYA
......................................................................................................................31.3. T
EKANAN
A
TMOSFIR 
................................................................................................................................4
1.3.1. Mengukur Tekanan Atmosfir.......................................................................................................51.3.2. Tekanan Mutlak dan Alat Ukur...................................................................................................7 
1.4. H
EAD
....................................................................................................................................................8
1.4.1. Konsep Head................................................................................................................................81.4.2. Beberapa Jenis Head...................................................................................................................91.4.3. Head Total dan Persamaan Bernoulli.......................................................................................10
1.5. H
AKIKAT
 
DAN
P
ERANAN
P
OMPA
..............................................................................................................111.6. H
EAD
 
DAN
P
ERFORMANSI
P
OMPA
............................................................................................................12
1.6.1. Daya Air....................................................................................................................................121.6.2. Efisiensi Pompa.........................................................................................................................131.6.3. Efisiensi Sistem..........................................................................................................................131.6.4. Performansi Pompa...................................................................................................................13
2. AZAS POMPA.......................................................................................................................................15
2.1. J
ENIS
 
DAN
C
ARA
ERJA
P
OMPA
..............................................................................................................15
2.1.1. Pompa Perpindahan Positif.......................................................................................................152.1.2. Pompa Bukan Perpindahan Positif...........................................................................................17 2.1.3. Perbandingan Pompa PD dan Non-PD....................................................................................18
2.2. H
UKUM
ESEBANGUNAN
........................................................................................................................192.3. K 
ECEPATAN
J
ENIS
(S
PESIFIK 
)..................................................................................................................202.4. B
ENTUK 
I
MPELER 
 
DAN
ECEPATAN
J
ENIS
.................................................................................................22
3. HEAD SISTEM......................................................................................................................................26
3.1. S
IFAT
F
ISIK 
Z
AT
C
AIR 
...........................................................................................................................26
3.1.1. Viskositas...................................................................................................................................26 3.1.2. Tekanan Uap..............................................................................................................................29
3.2. H
EAD
S
TATIK 
 
DAN
D
INAMIK 
...................................................................................................................31
3.2.1. Head Ketinggian dan Kecepatan...............................................................................................323.2.2. Head Tekanan............................................................................................................................32
3.3. H
EAD
ERUGIAN
..................................................................................................................................33
3.3.1. Konsep Dasar............................................................................................................................333.3.2. Kerugian Mayor dan Minor......................................................................................................34
3.4. M
ETODE
P
ERHITUNGAN
H
EAD
ERUGIAN
.................................................................................................35
3.4.1. Metode Darcy-Weisbach...........................................................................................................353.4.2. Metode Hazen-Williams............................................................................................................383.4.3. Menghitung Head Kerugian Minor...........................................................................................39
3.5. H
EAD
T
OTAL
 
DAN
ARAKTERISTIK 
S
ISTEM
...............................................................................................46ii

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