1. General Introduction
ANSYS is a commercially available software package for both computer aided design (CAD) and finiteelement analysis (FEA) made by ANSYS Inc., Canonsburg, PA. ANSYS runs under a variety of operation system including UNIX and Windows. ANSYS is available on all MEnet Sun, SGI andWindow machine. It is available on the Linux machines by remote-login only. Currently, MEnet has theResearch/Faculty version of both ANSYS 6.1 and ANSYS 7.0. ANSYS can be used to analyze transientand nonlinear problems for a variety of physics including:
Structural and solid mechanics
Fluid Dynamics (laminar and turbulent)
Electromagnetics (high and low frequency)
Multiphysics (thermal stress,For this short class, we will focus our attention on the application of ANSYS in both thermal andstructural analysis. This document is meant to be at the entry level. The material covered here is by nomeans comprehensive. In fact, we will only scratch the surface of ANSYS’s capabilities. However, withthis entry level knowledge, you will be able to improve yourself to advanced level by making use of thecomprehensive ANSYS help system and of course the ANSYS website (www.ansys.com
2. Starting ANSYS Interactively
As mentioned before, you can run ANSYS on both Windows and UNIX machines. To start ANSYSinteractively on Windows machines, following menu chains:Starts > Program > ANSYS > InteractiveThe ANSYS launcher will show up. Input the jobname and directory and then click on ‘Run’ button tostart ANSYS. To start ANSYS interactively on UNIX machines, following:unix% module load ansysunix% ansys -g -p ANSYSRFThe first step is to load ANSYS into the memory of the machine, while the second step tell the operationsystem to start ANSYS product for Research/Faculty (-p ANSYSRF) interactively (-g). You can startANSYS in the second step as follows:unix% ansysThen, the ANSYS launcher bar will show up. Click on the symbol ‘ANSYS’ to expand the launcher.Input the jobname and directory and then click on ‘Run’ button to start ANSYS. You can just use thedefault settings, run ANSYS and change the jobname in ANSYS under the File utility menu.
3. The ANSYS Windows and File System
3.1 ANSYS Windows system
Once you started successfully ANSYS. You should see the ANSYS interface windows as shown in Fig. 1.From this windows and menu system, you can essentially do any finite element analysis that ANSYS cando. Details of the function of the windows and menus are explained briefly below:1. Utility Menu - Contains utility functions that are available throughout the ANSYS session, such as filecontrols, selecting, graphics controls, and parameters. You also exit the ANSYS program through thismenu.2. Standard Toolbar - Contains graphic buttons that execute frequently used ANSYS commands.3. Input Window - Allows you to type in commands directly. All previously typed in commands appear ina drop down list for easy reference and access.4. ANSYS Toolbar - Customizable toolbar that contains push buttons that execute commonly usedANSYS commands and functions. You may add your own push buttons by defining abbreviations.5. Main Menu - Contains the primary ANSYS functions, organized by processors (preprocessor, solution,general postprocessor, design optimizer, etc.).6. Graphics Window - A window where graphics displays are drawn.