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ANSYS Short Tutorial

ANSYS Short Tutorial

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Published by Nono_geotec
ANSYS Short Tutorial Introduction
ANSYS Short Tutorial Introduction

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Published by: Nono_geotec on Jun 27, 2011
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ANSYS Tutorial
 
Xiaoming HeDepartment of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Minnesota, Twin Citiesxmhe@me.umn.edu Class material for short course for ANSYS (7.0) in Mechanical Engineering DepartmentOctober 2003
Contents
1 General Introduction......................................................................................................................12 Starting ANSYS............................................................................................................................13 The ANSYS Windows and File System........................................................................................13.1 ANSYS windows system........................................................................................................13.2 ANSYS File System................................................................................................................24 Basic ANSYS Analysis.................................................................................................................34.1 Build the model.......................................................................................................................34.1.1 Modeling...........................................................................................................................44.1.2 Meshing............................................................................................................................54.2 Apply loads and obtain solution..............................................................................................74.2.1 Structural Analysis............................................................................................................74.2.2 Thermal Analysis..............................................................................................................74.3 Review results.........................................................................................................................94.3.1 General Postprocessor.......................................................................................................94.3.2 Time-History Postprocessor............................................................................................115 ANSYS Batch Mode...................................................................................................................125.1 ANSYS APDL language.......................................................................................................125.2 Batch files for the structural problem....................................................................................125.3 Batch files of the thermal problem........................................................................................135.4 Optimization..........................................................................................................................156 More on FEM Analysis using ANSYS.......................................................................................156.1 Mapped mesh........................................................................................................................156.2 3D modeling and meshing....................................................................................................176.3 Other random comments.......................................................................................................186.3.1 Run ANSYS in background............................................................................................186.3.2 Disk space and network traffic.......................................................................................196.3.3 Print and export image....................................................................................................196.3.4 Import IGES files............................................................................................................197 Closures.......................................................................................................................................198 References...................................................................................................................................19
 
ANSYS
HE
1. General Introduction
ANSYS is a commercially available software package for both computer aided design (CAD) and finiteelement analysis (FEA) made by ANSYS Inc., Canonsburg, PA. ANSYS runs under a variety of operation system including UNIX and Windows. ANSYS is available on all MEnet Sun, SGI andWindow machine. It is available on the Linux machines by remote-login only. Currently, MEnet has theResearch/Faculty version of both ANSYS 6.1 and ANSYS 7.0. ANSYS can be used to analyze transientand nonlinear problems for a variety of physics including:
Heat transfer 
Structural and solid mechanics
Fluid Dynamics (laminar and turbulent)
Electromagnetics (high and low frequency)
Multiphysics (thermal stress,For this short class, we will focus our attention on the application of ANSYS in both thermal andstructural analysis. This document is meant to be at the entry level. The material covered here is by nomeans comprehensive. In fact, we will only scratch the surface of ANSYS’s capabilities. However, withthis entry level knowledge, you will be able to improve yourself to advanced level by making use of thecomprehensive ANSYS help system and of course the ANSYS website (www.ansys.com
 
).
2. Starting ANSYS Interactively
As mentioned before, you can run ANSYS on both Windows and UNIX machines. To start ANSYSinteractively on Windows machines, following menu chains:Starts > Program > ANSYS > InteractiveThe ANSYS launcher will show up. Input the jobname and directory and then click on ‘Run’ button tostart ANSYS. To start ANSYS interactively on UNIX machines, following:unix% module load ansysunix% ansys -g -p ANSYSRFThe first step is to load ANSYS into the memory of the machine, while the second step tell the operationsystem to start ANSYS product for Research/Faculty (-p ANSYSRF) interactively (-g). You can startANSYS in the second step as follows:unix% ansysThen, the ANSYS launcher bar will show up. Click on the symbol ‘ANSYS’ to expand the launcher.Input the jobname and directory and then click on ‘Run’ button to start ANSYS. You can just use thedefault settings, run ANSYS and change the jobname in ANSYS under the File utility menu.
3. The ANSYS Windows and File System
3.1 ANSYS Windows system
 
Once you started successfully ANSYS. You should see the ANSYS interface windows as shown in Fig. 1.From this windows and menu system, you can essentially do any finite element analysis that ANSYS cando. Details of the function of the windows and menus are explained briefly below:1. Utility Menu - Contains utility functions that are available throughout the ANSYS session, such as filecontrols, selecting, graphics controls, and parameters. You also exit the ANSYS program through thismenu.2. Standard Toolbar - Contains graphic buttons that execute frequently used ANSYS commands.3. Input Window - Allows you to type in commands directly. All previously typed in commands appear ina drop down list for easy reference and access.4. ANSYS Toolbar - Customizable toolbar that contains push buttons that execute commonly usedANSYS commands and functions. You may add your own push buttons by defining abbreviations.5. Main Menu - Contains the primary ANSYS functions, organized by processors (preprocessor, solution,general postprocessor, design optimizer, etc.).6. Graphics Window - A window where graphics displays are drawn.
1
 
ANSYS
HE
7. Status and Prompt Area - located at the bottom of the GUI, shows prompts and the status of your analysis. Typically, you will see prompts for functions that involve graphical picking. Be sure to readthe prompt so you can pick the proper entities in the proper order. This area also contains statusinformation (PREP7, SOLU, etc.).8. Output Window - Receives text output from the program. It is usually positioned behind the GUI, butyou can bring it to the front when necessary.
Fig. 1
ANSYS windows system
 
876543213.2 ANSYS Files System
The ANSYS program writes and reads many files for data storage and retrieval. File names follow this pattern: Name.ExtName defaults to the jobname, which you can specify while or after entering theANSYS program. The default jobname is FILE (or file). Ext is a unique, two- to four-character ANSYSidentifier that identifies the contents of the file. Some systems (such as PCs) truncate the extension tothree characters. Also, the extension may be in lowercase, depending on the system. A summary of themeanings of ANSYS file extension is given in Table 1.The most important two files are the database file and results file. Your model is stored in the databasefiles while the results file keeps all your results from an analysis. The log file records in ANSYScommands all your interactive operations via GUI windows and menu. The error notes down all the error and warning message raised during this and all previous sessions. The output file has all the messagesappeared in the output window.
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