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SAP Material Management Frequently Asked Question

SAP Material Management Frequently Asked Question

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SAP Material Management Frequently Asked Question 
Material Master
 
Q:
How can Iextend all material to a new plant?
A:
The SAP program - RMDATIND is used to create /update material masterrecord.
Q:
How can wedelete materials permanentlyfrom Material master?
 
A:
Use transaction MM70 - Material Master->Other->Reorganization->Material->Choose.
 
Build variant with selection range of material master records to be selectedfor deletion and maintain run parameters. Execute.
 
Use transaction MM71 - Material Master-> other-> Reorganization->Material->Reorganization
 
Build a second variant
 
Maintain run parameters and execute.
 
It is also important to remove the records manually from info record, POs,PRs, reservation etc for successful deletion of the material.
 
Q:
SAP only provides moving average value for current, previous period, andprevious year. SAP does not provide transactions/reports that will providemoving average value for a given date.How can I report moving average price for material number 10000000 atplant 0001 on July 4, 1998.
A:
Try any of these solutions:1. Change the updating level of the structure (S031) to "daily". In LIS thetotal value and the total stock are available. Divide value by the stock. It ispossible to calculate this dynamically when the analysis is run and to displaythe result.2. Create your own structure in LIS and populate it by copying the MovingAverage Price from the material master every time there is a transaction. You will have data on those days when there was a transaction.
Q:
We have defined all the variables for the materials. However, when Iattempt to useMaterial Matchcodeobject MAT1, I get the response"No possible entries found". Why?
A:
Matchcode i.d. "B", "Material by bill of material" has a selection conditionfor field STLNR NE ' '. STLNR is the BOM number associated with a material intable MAST. Hence the message - "no possible entries..." pops up if there areno bills of materials associated with your material numbers. You get thematchcodes as long as the material referred by you has BOM numberassociated with it.
 
Q:
 Thematchcodeobject selection is defaulted to matctcode ID"B".Iwould like tochange to M"Material by Description" What is the solution?
A:
Press the pull down arrow on the material number field and matchcode"B" is displayed, press F5 double-click matchcode i.d. "M", then press F6 . This will set matchcode "M" as the default.
 
Q:
We have one material master : X and the unit of measure is 'pcs' and two serial number : A,BFor this material we make two PosFirst PO calls material X , 1 pcs price 100 (will use serial number A)Second PO calls material X , 1 pcs price 250 (will use serial number B)Goods Receipt is done and by filling serial number for the fist PO with A and the second POwith B.We want totransfer material Xserial number A to another plant and want the valuation of thismaterial as 100. How we can do it ?
A:
Use "split valuation". Stocks may be received into separate storage locations. Transfer stocksmay be done from a storage location/plant to another storage location/plant.
Q:
We want tochange the calculation of Moving Average Price. We know that the same is inMBEW-VERPR and two transactions to consider - MRHR, MB01. Is there a transaction tochange MAV or all the places it is needed?
A:
Any Goods receipt or issue (in case of split valuated material) changes Moving Average pricedepending upon the valuation type which is used when posting the goods issue. You have to gothrough all the transactions involving those!For Example:Material X is using split valuation by origin:Malaysia : MAV 60 USD - total stock 100 unitsIndia: MAV 50 USD - total stock 200 unitsTotal stock 300 units MAV 53.33Here , goods issues will also affect the global MAV, despite not changing MAV from origincountry.
Q:
What is theuse of configurable material.?
A:
Configurable material is useful if you have a large number of combination of parts that gointo a product. It means different permutations and combinations of the parts for same material.If you maintain a unique material code for each combination , you require a large number of material numbers. KMAT may be used in such a case where you maintain just one generic product code. A super BOM is maintained for such a material consisting of all possiblealternatives. A routing is also maintained consisting of all possible operations that could be used.Typically configurable material is used in Made To Order (MTO) environment. However frequently ordered configurations may be planned with a material variant which needs to have amaterial master record. Thus Material variants may have stock and value. Depending uponcharacteristic values chosen at sales order entry Sales Order BOM is created. Routing operationsare also chosen depending upon which BOM components are assigned to them.
 
Q:
WillSource Listautomatically appear in Material Master asdefaultif maintainedat plant levelusing OME5?
A1:
If you have maintained source list requirement in OME5 and have not maintained the sourcelist for the material , Po can not be released. You are required to maintain source list for allmaterials in the plant where the indicator is set if you maintain source list at plant level. Else youcan make use of info record to do so automatically.
Q:
We have One company with a plant and another company with a sales organization. Which is better option between these -PO or Stock Transfer Order ?
A:
Cross company Stock Transport Orders can be done.# Configure using transaction OMGN.# Depending upon the sending and receiving plants, maintain sales organization and customer data in customizing.# Maintain the supplying plant as a vendor and attach the plant to the vendor in the Vendor Master.# Material type has to be HALB or HAWA.# Ensure that the company with sales Organization has a plant to take care of stocking.# The PO used is NB and not Stock Transfer PO.Configure SD for inter-company billing to enable picking up the pricing procedure for billing.# Carry Out delivery through process delivery due list and billing through process billing duelist.
Q:
We can make field mandatory. We want to make adefault valueto aParticular field in the Material Master . Say, We want that the period indicator in the MRP2 view as "P". What is the best way?
A:
Use transaction variant. Transaction SHD0 and then Transaction SE93.
Purchasing
 
Q:
How can wetrack requisitionsthat have thedeletion indicator set? Can we track the date in which the deletion indicator was set?
A:
You can refer the change document tables cdpos and cdhdr. You can also refer TransactionME53 under menu path goto-statistics-changes, where the complete audit trails of changes,including deletion are stored.
Q:
Is it possible to generatePurchase requisition (PR) withreference toScheduling Agreement?
A:
PR can be created with reference to another PR and can not be created referencing a PO or Scheduling agreements. PO & Scheduling are created and controlled by purchasingorganizations. PR can be created by even end users. For creating PR with reference to another PR, follow the menu path:Purchasing->Requisition->Create.Requisition->Copy reference and enter.However requirement can be generated with reference to Scheduling agreement when MRP is

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