Confidentiality of communicationb)
Confidentiality of private/ family lifec)
Protection of honor and good named)
Protection from search, detention, or exposure of lawful communicationbetween and among individualse)
Privacy from surveillancef)
Confidentiality of banking and financial transactionsg)
Confidentiality of medical and legal informationh)
Protection from identity theft (criminal, financial, identity cloning,medical)i)
Protection from use of photographs, fingerprints, DNA samples, and othersamples taken at police stations or other places j)
Privacy of health informationk)
Protection of data relating to an individual.
PRIVACY OF COMMUNICATION AND INTERCEPTION
After creating the right to privacy under Sec. 3(2), the Bill provides prescriptions forthe confidentiality of communication and safeguards for their interception underChapters III and IV of the Bill. It is important to bear that the privacy right in India isessentially a set of procedural safeguards. The more safeguards the stronger theprivacy right. The expanse of the legal provisions recognises that the most prevalentprivacy breach is with respect to the interception of communications.2.
The terms, “
” has been defined as, “
a process of sharing facts, ideas,opinions, thoughts, and information through speech, writing, gestures, sound, images,signals or pictures, graphs, symbols, diagrams between two or more individualsthrough telephonic conversations, radio messages, electronic mode (including
internet or satellite) or postal letter or any other mode”.
Interception further has beend
efined as, “
undertaking the stopping of transmission of any communication, or interception or detention thereof (including tapping of the telephone conversation or copying of data)
”. The interception
safeguards are explained in a tabular form below:Feature Provision
Rule of Privacy
Privacy isnotAbsoluteSection 4 stipulates the right of any citizen of India, to have his communication protected frominterception. But, the same is not an absolute rightand is limited by the provisions of the Bill underdiscussion.