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Configuring the Forefront TMG HTTP Filter

Configuring the Forefront TMG HTTP Filter

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Published by: Alexandre Baptista on Jun 27, 2011
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12/18/2012

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Configuring the Forefront TMG HTTP Filter
In this article I will show you how to configure and use the HTTP Filter of Forefront TMG to filter HTTP traffic in Firewall policy rules.Published:
May 17, 2011
Updated:
May 17, 2011
Section:
Tutorials :: Configuration - General
Author:
Marc GrotePrintable Version
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Configuring the Forefront TMG HTTP Filterhttp://www.isaserver.org/tutorials/Configuring-Forefront-TMG-HTTP-Fil...1 of 155/31/2011 1:44 PM
 
Let's begin
A simple Firewall only allows or denies access for the HTTP protocol based on source and destination IPaddresses and doesn’t looks deeper into the HTTP protocol to filter HTTP traffic. The HTTP protocol is oftencalled the Universal Firewall Bypass protocol because many Firewall admins allows users from the internalnetwork to access to the outside for the HTTP protocol. The HTTP protocol can be used by applications toencapsulate their specific protocols into the HTTP or HTTPS protocol. Some examples for those applicationsare Outlook Anywhere, the Remote Desktop Gateway service and applications like Skype, Windows LiveMessenger and many more which encapsulates their native protocols into the HTTP/HTTPS protocol, whichallows the traffic to bypass the Firewall. With Forefront TMG it is possible to filter HTTP traffic with theHTTP filter for incoming and outgoing access and when you use the new HTTPS inspection feature of Forefront TMG you can also filter outgoing HTTPS traffic. Incoming HTTPS traffic can be filtered byForefront TMG in Webserver publishing scenarios where the HTTPS bridging feature of Forefront TMG isused.Let’s start with some basics about the Web filters in Forefront TMG.
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What is a Web filter?
A Web filter in Forefront TMG is a set of Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) which are based on the IIS ISAPI(Internet Server Application Programming Interface) ModelA Web filter in Forefront TMG will be loaded from the Webproxy Filter. If the Webfilter is loaded allinformation’s will be forwarded to the Webproxy Filter. The Webproxy Filter is responsible to determinewhich type of events should be monitored.Every time such events occurs the Webproxy Filter will be notified.The following figure shows the HTTP Filter Add in of Forefront TMG.
Configuring the Forefront TMG HTTP Filterhttp://www.isaserver.org/tutorials/Configuring-Forefront-TMG-HTTP-Fil...2 of 155/31/2011 1:44 PM
 
 
Figure 1:
Forefront TMG HTTP filter Add in
Web filter functionality
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The Web filter in Forefront TMG is responsible for the following tasks:Scanning and modifying HTTP requestsAnalyzing and protocol network trafficScanning and modifying HTTP responsesBlocking of specific HTTP responsesData encryption and compressionAnd many more.
Important:
The HTTP Filter in Forefront TMG is rule specific except the Maximum Header length setting. The MaximumHeader length in Forefront TMG is the same for all Firewall rules with HTTP protocol definitions.
Attention:
The HTTP Filter in Forefront TMG is also capable to filter HTTPS traffic used in reverse web server  publishing scenarios where HTTPS Bridging is used and for outgoing HTTPS requests when the HTTPSinspection feature of Forefront TMG is activated.
HTTP Filter configuration
If you want to start configuring the HTTP filter, right click a rule that contains a HTTP protocol definition and
Configuring the Forefront TMG HTTP Filterhttp://www.isaserver.org/tutorials/Configuring-Forefront-TMG-HTTP-Fil...3 of 155/31/2011 1:44 PM

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