two states with other world countries. The two parties share political, ideological,strategic and security interests which can be called “a commonwealth of sharedinterests”, alongside with values, principles and common norms which can be called“a commonwealth of shared values”. The special relations between the USA as apowerful country and Israel as a small state have no match in the international sphere.This is indeed a rare case in international modern history. Both sides give enormoussignificance to the relations and work for their nurturing, empowerment andcontinuity. These relations include a high leveled friendship, sympathy, trust and aclose, intensive political and security cooperation. Each side has a unique position inthe domestic and foreign policy of the other. The special relations are not limited toleaders and policy makers alone, but include both friend-states fully, and insure theircontinuity and survival ability even at times of crisis between the two states. Therelations are based on mutuality which is beneficial to both states. USA providesIsrael political, military and economic assistance in large and continuant scales.Israel sees the USA interests in shaping its foreign policy as highly important, andit shows the USA great loyalty as it tends to answer its requests and works forpromoting USA interests as well as its own. Between the years 1948 and 2010 Israelreceived directly over 110 billion dollars from the USA, military and economicassistance. Since 1985 all assistance was given as grant. Israel is the top assistancerecipient of the USA. Despite this fact, the special relations were never given a formalstatus of a military and political treaty.
The sources of the special relations
Two main sources or foundations to these special relations can be pointed out.One is “soft” and the other is “hard”. The soft sources of the relations are the common