Option B.8 - Nucleic Acids
B.8.1 - Describe the structure of nucleotides and their condensation polymers (nucleicacids or polynucleotides)
A phosphate group (PO
is bound to the phosphate group. InDNA molecules, the nucleotides contain deoxyribose,which has one less -OH group, whilst RNA molecules havenucleotides containing ribose.
The organic nitrogenous bases exist in two forms:
- having two fused rings in their structure. These are adenine and guanine.
- having a single ring in their structure. These are thymine, cytosine anduracil.These three elements come together in a condensation reaction.
are found in RNA, being made of the phosphategroup, ribose sugar and either cytosine, guanine, adenosine oruracil.
are found in DNA, being made of thephosphate group, deoxyribose sugar and either cytosine, guanine,adenosine or thymine.Multiple nucleotides will condense to form long
.They form phosphodiester links along the chain. These bonds formbetween the 3
carbon and the phosphate group, which is attachedto the 5