In an increasingly economically challenged world where health care resources are in short supply, costly and inade-quate to meet the demand there is a need for communities to take ongoing, comprehensive action to improve their health and well-
being. MAP’s guiding principles state that among the many human needs, it is called to focus on theministry of Total Health. Total Health doesn’t describe the state of someone’s health, but rather the ways that individu-
als, families, and communities can take responsible action to improve their well-being. Self-empowerment and holismare therefore important in this process.The Total Health Village is an innovative project that
facilitatesself-empowerment so that communities are able to solve mostof their own problems.
The program is designed to be com-pletely participatory in nature including the initial assessments,the planning process, the implementation, and even monitor-ing and evaluation. All aspects of the program have beencarefully planned to safeguard against dependency, createsustainability, and facilitate self-empowerment.
MAP International’s Total Health Village is remarkably innovative because
it does not relate to the community as a service provider, but rather as afacilitator that guides the community to identify needs, analyze their situa-
tion, plan a response strategy, actively work with the CORP (Community’s
Own Resource Persons) and engage in solving their own problems. It is atherefore a cost effective community development strategy that leads toTotal Well Being; a way to impact a village or cluster of villages of close to
thousand people through a facilitative and low input cost strategy.
The THV operates in a clearly defined area with a population of aroundone to two thousand people per village. In several cases MAP works in avillage cluster, making an even greater impact on communities.
A program of
ALIGNMENT WITH MDGs, NATIONAL PRIORITY, AND MAP INTERNATIONAL’S STRATEGIC PRIORITIES
In addition to aligning with community priorities, special efforts are made to ensure that the THV’s development pro-gram is in alignment with the National priority of the country, the Millennium Development Goals and MAP’s 3
-P-strategy (to promote health, prevent disease and disasters, and provide essential medicines.)
The THV seeks to addresspersonal and social health determinantsso that individuals and communities may experienceTotal Health and well-being.
To develop local capacity for socioeconomic health determinants related to issues of
livelihood securityand community organization
through strategies such as agriculture, animal husbandry, and trade develop-ment leading to holistic well-being (50% of the effort)2. To develop local capacity for the
prevention of common diseases
issues such as access to safewater, sanitation, and other preventions leading to holistic health (40% of the effort)3. To develop local capacity for
those diseases that cannot be prevented, such as gastro-intestinal, respiratory, & systemic disorders so that disease incidence is drastically reduced (10% of the effort)
promote. prevent. provide.