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Kim Eschler- Evolution Lab Report

Kim Eschler- Evolution Lab Report

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Published by Kim Eschler
Trying to see how fast I could kill or how long I could keep some finches alive.
Trying to see how fast I could kill or how long I could keep some finches alive.

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Published by: Kim Eschler on Jun 27, 2011
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05/30/2013

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EVOLUTION LAB REPORT 1
Evolution Lab ReportKim Eschler BIO 101June 28, 2011Olivia Uitto
 
EVOLUTION LAB REPORT 2
Evolution Lab Report
The Evolution Lab allows the user to experiment with the finches’ adaptation andevolution of their population over 100, 200, and 300 years. The experiments is locationsare Darwin Island and Wallace Island. Using various parameters that influenceadaptations and natural selection, the user can study the evolution process.
Hypothesis.
Beak size and precipitation will have an immense effect on the population.
The size of the island will affect the population.
The larger the clutch the higher the population over time.
Materials and Methods.
The Evolution Lab provides many variables. The user can change the following:beak size, variance of beak size in the population, heritability of the midparent beaksize, clutch size, island size, population of the finches to start the experiment, andprecipitation on the island as it affects the harness of seeds.All of the numerous combinations of variables, set for two different islands lendsfor hours of combinations and sorting of information. The method this experimenter used to narrow down the countless options was to first focus on the beak size andprecipitation for Darwin Island by changing the variables, recording the field notes for the population in 100 years. Second, keep the highest population information from theprevious test and examine what changing the clutch size does to the population. Takingthe information for the highest population from these two tests, the process was thenrepeated for island size, starting population, heritability, and variance. The goal in thisprocess of testing was to see what parameters would need to be in place to allow the
 
EVOLUTION LAB REPORT 3
population of the finches to sustain at their highest population numbers for 100, 200,and 300 years.Once the information for this experiment had been obtained, this experimenter had to continuing the testing to see how quickly the finches’ population could bewhipped out on both islands. Using the same testing method as above but watching thefield notes for the population to become 0.
Results.
Beak size and precipitation did make a huge difference in the population of thefinches. Small beaks and hard seeds did not favor the birds, large beaks and soft seeddid not favor them, either. Larger island, helped the population, and smaller island hurtthe population. Starting population was surprising, one would think the larger thepopulation to start would ensure the long-term population for the birds, but it actuallyhad a negative effect on the population. The biggest surprise to affect the populationsize was clutch. If the clutch size was too big or too small the differences werecatastrophic.
ParameterDarwinIslandWallaceIsland
Initial BeakSize30 mm30 mmHeritability0.50.5Variance11Clutch Size16 eggs16 eggsPrecipitation10 cm10 cmPopulation290 birds290 birds
ResultsDarwinIslandWallaceIsland
yr. 209619801975yr. 219619921803yr. 229618891933

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