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ODE TEST 1 FEB 2009-With Answer Scheme

# ODE TEST 1 FEB 2009-With Answer Scheme

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06/28/2011

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DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS EBB1113DATE: FEBRUARY 20, 2009
TEST 1(10 % coursework)Instructions: Answer ALL questions. Time allocation: 60 minutes
.1. Classify the differential equation
xdt  x
2sinsin2
22
!
by type , order and linearity. Give reason(s) for your answer.(4 marks)
Type : ODE since one independent variable (
)Order: 2 since the highest derivative is
22
dt  x
Linearity: Non-linear because of
x
sin
which is a non linear function of thedependent variable
x

2. Solve the differential equationi.
y
xdx
y
l
n3
5
!
(4 marks)
dx x
y
y
5
l
n3
!

´´
!
dx x
y
y
5
l
n3

c
x
y y y
!
6l
n3
6
(left side: integration by part:
dydv
xu
!!
l
n
)
c
x
y y
!
181l
n
6

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS EBB1113DATE: FEBRUARY 20, 2009
ii.
x
y
x
dy
!
2
1
. (Solve for
x
)(5 marks)
x
y
y
dx
!
2

2
y
x
y
dx
!

linear
1)(
!
y P
and
2
)(
y y f
!
Integrating factor
ydy
ee
!
´
!Q
Solution
´
!
dy yee y
x
y y
2
1)(

? A
c y ye e y
x
y y
!
)
22
(1)(
2
(after 2 integration byparts)Finally
y
ce y y y
x
!
)
22
()(
2

iii.
0
2
22
!
y
xdx
y
x
y
(by finding an appropriate integrating factor)(7 marks)
2
2
y
x
y
!
and
2
x N
!

y
x M
y
22
!
,
x

2
!

Non exact
)(
2
)
2
(
2
(
22242222
22
y p y y
x
y y
x
y
x
y y
x
y
x
y y
x x M  M
¡
y
x
!!!!!
Integrating factor
2
l
n22
1
yee
ydy y
!!
´
!Q
Multiplying the initial equation by the integrating factor, we obtain
0
1
2
22