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9Activity

Table Of Contents

A. Historical Context
B. Expenditure Management
Expenditure Allocations and Service Delivery at the Local Level
Table 2. Ratio to GNP of Local Government Expenditures (in percent)
Expenditure on Education
Figure _1 - Spending on Education by Level of Government, 1991-1998
Table 4_: Selected Education Indicators, 2000/01 and 2005/06
C. Key Issues and New Directions in Expenditure Management
Personal Services
Special Education Fund
Fiscal Surplus-Deficit
Local Economic Enterprises
D. Local Own-Source Revenue Generation
Guiding Principles
Building the Promotional Structure
Establishing the Policy Support System
Capacity Building
Advocacy and Technical Assistance
Monitoring and Evaluation
F. Local Credit Financing
Table 10. Local Government Borrowings, 1985-2005
On Processes and Procedures
Develop LGU capacities in local planning and project development
Establish a Project Feasibility Studies Fund for LGUs
Involve LGU representatives in the programming exercises with
Other Recommendations
1. INTRODUCTION
Table 1. LGU expenditures as Percentage of GDP, 1988-2007
2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
3. OUTSTANDING ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Table 6. Average number of hirees under job order per LGU, 2007
3.1. Staffing concerns
Table 8. Population to LGU personnel ratio, 2007
3.2. Pay and Compensation Concerns
Table 11. Percentage of LGUs complying with PS Cap, 2007
4. CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
3. CURRENT PRACTICE ON ALLOCATION OF SEF
3.1. Allocation for Locally Funded Teachers
Table 11. Addressing Input Gaps in Basic Education, 2003-2007
3.2. Allocation for Capital Outlays
3.3. Allocation for Sports Competitions
3.5. Use of SEF to Pay for the Cost of Tax Collection
3.6. Other Items Charged Against the SEF
4. CURRENT INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
4.1. DepEd-driven or LCE-driven LSB Budget Allocation Process
4.2. Pattern of Allocation Across Schools
4.3. Lessons from Synergeia
5. LESSONS FROM INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE5
6. RECOMMENDATIONS
6.1. Improving Guidelines on the Utilization of the SEF
6.2. Improving the Institutional Arrangements
6.3. Clarifying Definitions and Usage of Terms in LGC and RA 9155
6.4. Clarifying Expenditure Assignment in Basic Education Sector
6.5. Increasing Equity in Education Spending
7. CONCLUSION
2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK
3. CURRENT PRACTICE AND OUTSTANDING ISSUES
3.1. Measuring and Monitoring Fiscal Balances of LGUs
3.2. Measuring Resources Available for Appropriation
3.3. Managing the Fiscal Position
2. LOCAL ECONOMIC ENTERPRISE SITUATIONER
2.1. Increasing Number of LEEs
2.2. What Drives the Trend Towards Greater Number of LEEs?
2.3. Many LEEs Incur Losses Year after Year
Table 3. Results of operation of LEEs, 2006-2008
2.4. Increasing Financial Risks Assumed by LGUs and LEEs
3. OUTSTANDING ISSUES
3.2. Need to Clarify Treatment of LEE in the LGU Budget
4. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
A REVIEW OF ALTERNATIVE SERVICE DELIVERY OPTION10
I. INTRODUCTION
II. THE POLITICAL AND CORPORATE NATURE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS
Dual Nature of Local Governments
Creation of Local Government Units
Table 1. Criteria for Creating Local Government Units
Powers and Functions
Economic Activities
III. THE CORPORATE POWERS OF LGUs
IV. CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EXERCISE OF LGU CORPORATE POWERS
Extent of LGU Borrowing
Financial Performance of Local Economic Enterprises
V. EMERGING MODELS OF LGUs’ EXERCISE OF CORPORATE POWERS
Public-Private Partnership
Inter-LGU Cooperation Schemes
Corporatizing Service Facility
Case Studies of Models
1. The La Union Medical Center
Figure 1: Organizational Structure
VI. CHALLENGES CONFRONTING LGUs’ EXERCISE OF CORPORATE POWERS
The Issue of Cost Recovery
Cost Recovery Schemes for Existing LEEs
Cost Recovery for New LEEs
Administratively Feasible Interventions
The Organization of Local Economic Enterprises
The Beginnings
The Evolving Structures
A Contemporary Model
Professionalization of LEE Management
Financial Viability
Professionalization of LEE management
Legal Issues in the Operation of LEEs
Legal Impediments in the Exercise of LGU Corporate Powers
Management contract
Lease Contract
Concession Agreement
BOT Contract
Pre-Contract Analysis
Typical Responsibility Distribution for Each Model
VII. SETTING THE STAGE TO ENHANCE LGUs’ EXERCISE OF CORPORATE POWERS
The Local Government as an Economic Unit
VIII. PROGRAM STRATEGY
Guiding Principles
Building the Promotional Structure
Capacity Building
Sustaining Actions
Financing Options
General Criteria
Institutional Framework
References
A. Rationale of the Study
B. Approach and Methodology
C. ODA Policy Framework of the Philippines
A. National Government Involvement in Devolved Functions
1. The Rationale for NG Involvement
2. The Nature of National Government Assistance
3. Principles for Designing NG Assistance
C. The Foreign Borrowings Act of 1966
D. The LGU Grant Financing Framework and Cost-Sharing Principles
II. CURRENT SITUATION
A. LGU Access to ODA
Table 5. Bottom Five Regions Based on ODA funded projects, 1998-2008
Table 6. Number of ODA funded projects by Sector, 1998-2008
B. LGU Access to ODA Grant Funds
Table 13. ODA Grants, by Funding Source (2007 ODA Portfolio)
C. Other ODA Resources Available to LGUs
Table 15. ODA Loans with LGU participation, 2000-2008
Table 16. Project vs. Program Loans, 2000-2008
D. Equity in the Distribution of ODA Resources
E. Summary
III. CERTAIN ISSUES AND CONCERNS
A. Seeking, Managing, and Monitoring ODA at the Local Level
1. Positive Stories and Good Practices to Share
2. Scaling Up and Avoiding Duplication
3. Monitoring ODA Flows to LGUs
C. Challenges in the Implementation of the LGU Financing
D. On Access to LGU Financing and the MDFO facility
IV. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
A. Recommendations on Policies, Processes and Procedures
1. On Policies
2. On Processes and Procedures
3. Other Recommendations
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DILG-Resources-2011216-85e96b8954 (1)

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