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Ruling by the Law

Ruling by the Law

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Published by Tamim Moeen

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Published by: Tamim Moeen on Jun 28, 2011
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06/28/2011

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IntheNameofAllaah,theMercifut
the
Mercy-Giving.
Rulingby
the
Law
VerilyfromtheGreaterandclearKufrisgivingtotheaccursedman-madelawsthepositionofthatwithwhichthefaithfulspiritdescendedupontheheartofMuhammadthatheshouldbea
Warner
intheclearArabictongue,judgingbyitbetweenthenations,andreferringbacktoitwhenthereisdisagreement,incontradictionto,andobstinaterejectionof,Allaah,theMightyandExalted'ssaying:
'J
yewhobelieve!ObeyAllaah,andobeytheMessenger,andthosechargedwithauthorityamongyou.
If
yedifferinanythingamongyourselves,refer
it
toAllaahandHisMessenger,
if
yedobelieve
in
AllaahandtheLastDay:thatisbest,andmostsuitableforfinaldetermination.
(AI
Nisa'4:59)
AllaahtheMostPerfectandMostHighhasnegatedtheimaanofthosewhodonotmaketheProphetthejudgeinthataboutwhichtheydiffer-strengtheningthenegationbyrepeating
it
andswearingupon
it,
Hesays:.
Butno,bytheLord,theycanhaveno(real)Faith,untiltheymaketheejudgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindintheirsoulsnoresistanceagainstthydecisions,butacceptthemwiththefullestconviction.
(AI
Nisa'4:65)
Heta'aladidnotmake
it
sufficientthattheyshouldmerelymaketheProphetthejudge,butfurtherthattheyshouldnotfindanyresistanceinthemselves-rathertheirheartsmustextendtoaccomodatethat-notbeingatalldisturbedoruneasy_Allaahta'aladidnotmakejustthesetwothingssufficient
>
untilcompletesubmissiontohisjudgementisaddedthereto-suchthattheyatefreefromanyattachmenttothe(desiresof)theself-andtheytotallysubmittothetruejudgement,andAllaahta'alaemphasisesthisbystatingtheverbalroot(tasleem)afteritsverb(yusallimoo)-showingthatHeisnot
2
 
satisfiedonlywithsubmission,butthat
it
hastobetotalandunconditionalsubmission.Considerwhatiscontainedinthefirstaayah(AI
Nisa'
4:59),howHehasleftthethingaboutwhichtheydisputeindefinite,aftertheconditionoftheirdisputing
in
general-
whichwillcoveralltypesandscaleofdisagreement.ThenconsiderhowHehasmadethataconditionforthepresenceofImaanin.AllaahandtheLastDay.ThenHedescribesthatasbeinggoodandanythingwhichHecallsgoodcanneverbeapproachedbyevil-rather
it
istotallygoodforthepresentandthefuture.ThenHestatesthat
it
isbetterforfinaldetermination-thatisbetterintheendinthisworldandtheHereafter-showingthatreferringbacktootherthantheMessengerwhenthereisdisagreementistotallyevilandhastheworstoutcomeinthisworldandtheHereafter;thisbeingcontrarytowhatthehypocritessay:
"Wemeantnomorethangoodwillandconeiliationl''(AINisa'4:62)
and
"Why,weonlywanttomakepeace!"
(AI
Baqarah2:11)
Allaahta'alarepliestothemthatrathertheyarethemischief-makersthoughtheyperceivenot.Contrarytowhatthesupportersoftheman-madelawsclaim-thatthepeoplehaveneedofthem(indeedthattheycannotdowithoutthem)andthisistohavemistrustinwhattheMessengercamewithandtotreattheexplanationofAllaahandHisMessengeras
if
itisincomplete~andjudging
it
tobeinsufficientfatthepeoplewhentheydisagree-andthiswillbringanevilresultfortheminthisworldandtheHereafter.ConsiderthegeneralisationinthesecondAayah(AINisa'4;65)regardingthatwhichisdisputedamongstthem-andthegeneralisationandcomprehensivenesscoversalltypesand
3
 
forms-andlikewisecoverstheextent-sothereisnodifferenceinthatasregardsthetypeofdisagreement,norwhethergreatorsmall-andAllaahta'alahasnegatedtheimaanofthehypocriteswhowishtoreferforjudgementtootherthanthatwhichRasoolullahcamewith,asAllaahta'alasays:
Hastthounotturnedthyvisiontothosewhodeclarethattheybelieveintherevelationsthathavecometotheeandtothosebeforethee?Their(real)wishistoresorttogetherforjudgement(intheirdisputes)totheEvilOne,thoughtheywereorderedtorejecthim.ButSatan'swishistoleadthemastrayfaraway
(hom
theRight).(AINisa'
4:60)
(Allaahfa'alamentionsthecaseofthosewhoclaimtobelie:.inthepreuiousandthefinalrevelationwhothenwishtore
l
erbackindisputestootherthantheQur'anandSunnah,referringbacktothejudgementofignorance-andtherebyrefutingtheirclaimtoimaan:IbnKaiheer).
Allaahta'alahereingivesthelietotheirclaimofhavingirnaan,sincereferrmgbackinadisputetootherthanthatwhichtheProphetbroughtcannotcometogetheralongwithimaaninaperson'sheart,ratheroneofthemwilltotallydispeltheother.And
at-taaghoot
(asmentionedintheAayah)hastheroot-meaningof'exceedingthelimits/oversteppingthebounds'.SoallwhojudgebyotherthanthatwhichtheProphetcamewithorreferbackforjudgementthereto-thenhehasmadethe
taaghoot
hisjudgeandhassoughtjudgementtherefrom.Therefore
it
isbindinguponeveryonetojudgeonlybythatwhichtheProphetcarnewith,notwithanythingelse.Inthesameway
it
isbindinguponeveryonetoseekjudgementaccordingtothatwhichtheProphetbrought-thusthosewhojudgebyorseekjudgementaccordingtootherthanthat-thentheyhavetransgressedandexceededtheboundsandhavebecomea
taaghoot
bythataction.ConsiderAllaahta'ala'ssayingthattheyhavebeenorderedtodisbelieveandrejectit(at-Taaghcot)-wecanseefromthistheobstinaterejectionoftheupholdersofman-madelawsandtheirdesireforthatwhichiscontrarytowhatAllaahwantsin
4

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