The basic rule for word order in Turkish is generallysubject+object+verb, for example;
The cat wanted food =kedi(the cat)yemek(food)istedi(wanted).
Another difference between English and Turkish is that there is no gender; he/she/it are all counted asthe same, which can be quite confusing sometimes!Unlike English, suffixes are used for almost everything in Turkish, by adding a suffix onto the root
word you can completely change the meaning of a word. Words such as 'my, from, to, with, in, before,after, whilst' and many more are all added to the root word rather than being a seperate word on theirown, for example - 'from my house' - 'evimden'.
Vowel Harmony Part 1
Vowel harmony is essential to learn in order to speak Turkish well, however at first it is quite hard tounderstand, so I will try to make this guide as simple to understand as possible!In Turkish there are 8 vowels. We can split these into 2 groups. These are:e, i, ö, ü (known as 'front' vowels)a, ı, o, u (known as 'back' vowels)It is essential to learn which vowels go into which group. To make this easier, think of them as the 'edotted group' (which contains 'e' and the 3 vowels with dots), and the 'a undotted group' (whichcontains the 'a' and the 3 undotted groups).Many suffixes are also split into two, for example '-den/-dan' (from), '-de/-da' (in/on/at), and '-(y)e/-(y)a' (to). Vowel harmony ensures that the correct suffix is used depending on what the last vowel inthe word is.
If the last letter is a 'front' vowel, then '-den', '-de', and '-(y)e' would be used.If the last letter is a 'back' vowel, then '-dan', '-da', and '-(y)a' would be used.Examples
House = EvCar = ArabaFrom = -den (suffix)In = -de (suffix)To = -(y)e (suffix)