Thomas More Law Center, et al. v. Obama, et al.
Pub. L. No. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119 (2010), amended by the Health Care and EducationReconciliation Act of 2010, Pub. L. No. 111-152, 124 Stat. 1029.
Stern, Alisa B. Klein, Anisha Dasgupta, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OFJUSTICE, Washington, D.C., for Appellees. Edward L. White, AMERICAN CENTERFOR LAW AND JUSTICE, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Steven J. Lechner, Joel M. Spector,MOUNTAIN STATES LEGAL FOUNDATION, Lakewood, Colorado, Ilya Shapiro,Robert A. Levy, David H. Rittgers, CATO INSTITUTE, Washington, D.C., Cory L.Andrews, WASHINGTON LEGAL FOUNDATION, Washington, D.C., Steven J.Willis, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA COLLEGE OF LAW, Gainesville, Florida,Catherine E. Stetson, HOGAN LOVELLS US LLP, Washington, D.C., Kristin M.Houser, SCHROETER, GOLDMARK & BENDER, Seattle, Washington, Keith S.Dubanevich, OREGON DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Salem, Oregon, Walter E.Dellinger, Washington, D.C., Ian R. Millhiser, CENTER FOR AMERICANPROGRESS, Washington, D.C., John L. Longstreth, Molly K. Suda, K&L GATES LLP,Washington, D.C., Rochelle Bobroff, NATIONAL SENIOR CITIZENS LAW CENTER,Washington, D.C., Richard L. Rosen, ARNOLD & PORTER LLP, Washington, D.C.,Charles A. Rothfeld, MAYER BROWN, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae.MARTIN, J., delivered the opinion of the court, in which SUTTON, J., andGRAHAM, D. J., concurred as to Parts I (background) and II (subject matter jurisdiction) and in which SUTTON, J., concurred in the judgment. SUTTON, J. (pp.27–53), delivered the opinion of the court as to Part I (taxing power) of his opinion, inwhich GRAHAM, D. J., joins. GRAHAM, D. J. (pp. 54–64), delivered a separateopinion concurring in part and dissenting in part.
BOYCE F. MARTIN, JR., Circuit Judge. This is an appeal from the districtcourt’s determination that the minimum coverage provision of the Patient Protection andAffordable Care Act
is constitutionally sound. Among the Act’s many changes to thenational markets in health care delivery and health insurance, the minimum coverageprovision requires all applicable individuals to maintain minimum essential healthinsurance coverage or to pay a penalty. 26 U.S.C. § 5000A.