Rule 2.20 amended and renumbered effective January 1, 2007; adopted as rule 235 effective January 1,1949.
Chapter 4. Sanctions
Rule 2.30. Sanctions for rules violations in civil cases
Rule 2.30. Sanctions for rules violations in civil cases(a) Application
This sanctions rule applies to the rules in the California Rules of Court relating togeneral civil cases, unlawful detainer cases, probate proceedings, civil proceedingsin the appellate division of the superior court, and small claims cases.
(Subd (a) amended effective January 1, 2004; adopted effective July 1, 2001.)
In addition to any other sanctions permitted by law, the court may order a person,after written notice and an opportunity to be heard, to pay reasonable monetarysanctions to the court or an aggrieved person, or both, for failure without goodcause to comply with the applicable rules. For the purposes of this rule, “person”means a party, a party’s attorney, a witness, and an insurer or any other individualor entity whose consent is necessary for the disposition of the case. If a failure tocomply with an applicable rule is the responsibility of counsel and not of the party,any penalty must be imposed on counsel and must not adversely affect the party’scause of action or defense thereto.
(Subd (b) amended effective January 1, 2007; adopted as untitled subdivision effective January 1,1985; amended and relettered effective July 1, 2001; previously amended effective January 1,1994, and January 1, 2004.)
(c) Notice and procedure
Sanctions must not be imposed under this rule except on noticed motion by the party seeking sanctions or on the court’s own motion after the court has providednotice and an opportunity to be heard. A party’s motion for sanctions must (1) statethe applicable rule that has been violated, (2) describe the specific conduct that isalleged to have violated the rule, and (3) identify the attorney, law firm, party,witness, or other person against whom sanctions are sought. The court on its ownmotion may issue an order to show cause that must (1) state the applicable rule that3