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WWII - Primary Source Readings

WWII - Primary Source Readings

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Published by gkulo
World War II Reader for Mr. Kulowiec's World Studies Course
World War II Reader for Mr. Kulowiec's World Studies Course

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Published by: gkulo on Jun 30, 2011
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06/30/2011

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Document #1The Munich PactAgreement concluded at Munich, September 29, 1938, between Germany, Great Britain, Franceand Italy
GERMANY, the United Kingdom, France and Italy, taking into consideration the agreement, which hasbeen already reached in principle for the cession to Germany of the Sudeten German territory, have agreed onthe following terms and conditions governing the said cession and the measures consequent thereon, and bythis agreement they each hold themselves responsible for the steps necessary to secure its fulfilment: 
(1)
The evacuation will begin on 1st October.
(2)
The United Kingdom, France and Italy agree that the evacuation of the territory shall be completedby the 10th October, without any existing installations having been destroyed, and that the CzechoslovakGovernment will be held responsible for carrying out the evacuation without damage to the said installations.
(3)
The conditions governing the evacuation will be laid down in detail by an international commissioncomposed of representatives of Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Czechoslovakia.
(4)
The occupation by stages of the predominantly German territory by German troops will begin on 1stOctober. The four territories marked on the attached map will be occupied by German troops in the followingorder:The territory marked No. I on the 1st and 2nd of October; the territory marked No. II on the 2nd and 3rdof October; the territory marked No. III on the 3rd, 4th and 5th of October; the territory marked No. IV on the6th and 7th of October. The remaining territory of preponderantly German character will be ascertained by theaforesaid international commission forthwith and be occupied by German troops by the 10th of October.
(5)
The international commission referred to inparagraph3will detemine the territories in which a plebiscite is to be held. These territories will be occupied by international bodies until the plebiscite has beencompleted. The same commission will fix the conditions in which the plebiscite is to be held, taking as a basisthe conditions of the Saar plebiscite. The commission will also fix a date, not later than the end of November,on which the plebiscite will be held.
(6)
The final determination of the frontiers will be carried out by the international commission. Thecommission will also be entitled to recommend to the four Powers, Germany, the United Kingdom, France andItaly, in certain exceptional cases, minor modifications in the strictly ethnographical determination of the zoneswhich are to be transferred without plebiscite.
(7)
There will be a right of option into and out of the transferred territories, the option to be exercised withinsix months from the date of this agreement. A German-Czechoslovak commission shall determine the detailsof the option, consider ways of facilitating the transfer of population and settle questions of principle arising outof the said transfer.
(8)
The Czechoslovak Government will within a period of four weeks from the date of this agreementrelease from their military and police forces any Sudeten Germans who may wish to be released, and theCzechoslovak Government will within the same period release Sudeten German prisoners who are servingterms of imprisonment for political offences. Munich, September 29, 1938.
ADOLF HITLER,NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN,EDOUARD DALADIER,BENITO MUSSOLINI.
 
 
 
 
Document #2 Text of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
 The Government of the German Reich and The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republicsdesirous of strengthening the cause of peace between Germany and the U.S.S.R., and proceeding fromthe fundamental provisions of the Neutrality Agreement concluded in April, 1926 between Germany and theU.S.S.R., have reached the following Agreement: 
Article I.
Both High Contracting Parties obligate themselves to desist from any act of violence, any aggressiveaction, and any attack on each other, either individually or jointly with other Powers. 
Article II.
Should one of the High Contracting Parties become the object of belligerent action by a third Power,the other High Contracting Party shall in no manner lend its support to this third Power. 
Article III.
The Governments of the two High Contracting Parties shall in the future maintain continual contactwith one another for the purpose of consultation in order to exchange information on problems affecting their common interests. 
Article IV.
Should disputes or conflicts arise between the High Contracting Parties shall participate in anygrouping of Powers whatsoever that is directly or indirectly aimed at the other party. 
Article V.
Should disputes or conflicts arise between the High Contracting Parties over problems of one kind or another, both parties shall settle these disputes or conflicts exclusively through friendly exchange of opinion or,if necessary, through the establishment of arbitration commissions. 
Article VI.
The present Treaty is concluded for a period of ten years, with the proviso that, in so far as one of the High Contracting Parties does not advance it one year prior to the expiration of this period, the validity of this Treaty shall automatically be extended for another five years. 
Article VII.
The present treaty shall be ratified within the shortest possible time. The ratifications shall beexchanged in Berlin. The Agreement shall enter into force as soon as it is signed.[
The section below was not published at the time the above was announced.
]
Secret Additional Protocol.Article I.
In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement in the areas belonging to the Baltic States(Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), the northern boundary of Lithuania shall represent the boundary of thespheres of influence of Germany and U.S.S.R. In this connection the interest of Lithuania in the Vilna area isrecognized by each party. 
Article II.
In the event of a territorial and political rearrangement of the areas belonging to the Polish state, thespheres of influence of Germany and the U.S.S.R. shall be bounded approximately by the line of the riversNarev, Vistula and San. The question of whether the interests of both parties make desirable the maintenance of an independent PolishStates and how such a state should be bounded can only be definitely determined in the course of further political developments. In any event both Governments will resolve this question by means of a friendly agreement.

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