nation. Preliminary works commenced in 1946. Construction of the damstarted in 1948, Jawaharlal Lal Nehru poured the first bucket of concrete intothe foundations of Bhakra on 17 November 1955
the dam wascompleted by the end of 1963. Successive stages were completed by theearly 1970s. Initially, the construction of the dam was started by Sir LouisDane, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. But the project got delayed andwas restarted soon after Independence. In October 1963 at the ceremony tomark the dedication of the Bhakra–Nangal Project to the Nation, PrimeMinister Jawaharlal Nehru said, "This dam has been built with theunrelenting toil of man for the benefit of mankind and therefore is worthy of worship. May you call it a Temple or a Gudwara or a Mosque, it inspires our admiration and reverence".
The dam, at 741 ft (226 m), is one of the highest gravity dams inthe world (compared to USA's largestHoover Damat 732 ft). The166 km²Gobind Sagar Reservoir , named after Guru Gobind Singh, is created by
this dam. The river Satluj used to flow through a narrow gorge between two hills, Naina Devi ki dhar and Ramgarh ki dhar, and the site was chosen to dam the river.The map nh-43-03.jpg shows the location of the original Bhakra village that wassubmerged in the lake formed behind the dam.It is 15km from Naya (New) Nangal and 20km from Naina Devi.
The dam was part of the larger multipurpose Bhakra Nangal Project whoseaims were to prevent floods in the Sutlej-Beas river valley, to provide irrigation toadjoining states and to provide
. It also became a tourist spot for thetourists during later years because of it huge size and uniqueness