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Bhakranangal Dam

Bhakranangal Dam

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Published by: pavithra on Jun 30, 2011
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Bhakra dam is aconcrete gravity damacross theSutlej River , and is near the border betweenPunjabandHimachal Pradeshin northernIndia. The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstreamBhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, is Asia's second highest at225.55 m (740 ft) high next to the 261mTehri Damalso in India. The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m; it is 9.1 m broad. Itsreservoir, known as the "Gobind Sagar", stores up to 9340 million cu m of water,enough to drain the whole of Chandigarh, parts of Haryana, Punjab and Delhi. The90 km long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is spread over an area of 168.35 km
. In terms of storage of water, it withholds the secondlargestreservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar dam inMadhya Pradeshwith capacity of 12.22 billion cu m.Described as 'New Temple of Resurgent India' byJawaharlal  Nehru,
the first prime minister of India, the dam attracts tourists from all over India.Nangal dam is another dam downstream of Bhakra dam.Sometimes both the dams together are called Bhakra-Nangal dam though they aretwo separate dams.
The Bhakra-Nangal multipurpose dams were among the earliestriver valley development schemes undertaken by India after independencethough the project had been conceived long before India became a free
nation. Preliminary works commenced in 1946. Construction of the damstarted in 1948, Jawaharlal Lal Nehru poured the first bucket of concrete intothe foundations of Bhakra on 17 November 1955
the dam wascompleted by the end of 1963. Successive stages were completed by theearly 1970s. Initially, the construction of the dam was started by Sir LouisDane, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab. But the project got delayed andwas restarted soon after Independence. In October 1963 at the ceremony tomark the dedication of the Bhakra–Nangal Project to the Nation, PrimeMinister Jawaharlal Nehru said, "This dam has been built with theunrelenting toil of man for the benefit of mankind and therefore is worthy of worship. May you call it a Temple or a Gudwara or a Mosque, it inspires our admiration and reverence".
The dam, at 741 ft (226 m), is one of the highest gravity dams inthe world (compared to USA's largestHoover Damat 732 ft). The166 km²Gobind Sagar Reservoir , named after Guru Gobind Singh, is created by this dam. The river Satluj used to flow through a narrow gorge between two hills, Naina Devi ki dhar and Ramgarh ki dhar, and the site was chosen to dam the river.The map nh-43-03.jpg shows the location of the original Bhakra village that wassubmerged in the lake formed behind the dam.It is 15km from Naya (New) Nangal and 20km from Naina Devi.
The dam was part of the larger multipurpose Bhakra Nangal Project whoseaims were to prevent floods in the Sutlej-Beas river valley, to provide irrigation toadjoining states and to provide
. It also became a tourist spot for thetourists during later years because of it huge size and uniqueness
The dam was constructed with an aim to provide irrigation to thePunjab and Himachal Pradesh. Another reason behind the construction of the damwas to prevent damage due to monsoon floods. The dam provides irrigation to 10million acres (40,000 km²) of fields inPunjab,Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, andRajasthan. It also has four flood gates to control floods.
Bhakra and Nangal dams house hydroelectric power generators,which are situated on both the sides of the dams. Nangal Hyde Channel andAnandpur Sahib Channel are used for power generation and irrigation purposes.Each power plant consists of five turbines. Two power houseswith a total capacity of 1325 MW flank the dam, on either side of the river. Theleft power house contains 5 x 108 MWFrancis turbineswhile the right 5 x 157MW.The power generated at Bhakra Power houses is distributedamong partner states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh andalso supplied to common pool consumers like National Fertilizers Ltd. andChandigarh.
The Bhakra-Nangal multipurpose project is among theearliest river valley development schemes undertaken by Independent India. The project was conceived long before India became a free nation and preliminaryworks had commenced in 1946. The project was reoriented and phased soon after 

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