The olfactory nerve is a special afferent cranial nerve composedof sensory fibers only.
Its sole function is to discern smells.
Olfaction depends on the integrity of the olfactory neurons in theroof of the nasal cavity and their connections through theolfactory bulb, tract, and stria to the olfactory cortex of the medialfrontal and temporal lobes.
Cranial Nerves Exam
To test olfaction:
2.An odorant, such as concentrated vanilla, perfume or coffee, is presented to each nostril in turn.3.The patient is asked to sniff (with eyes closed) andidentify each smell.
Olfaction is frequently not tested because of unreliable patient responses and lack of objective signs.
CRANIAL NERVE I (OLFACTORY NERVE)