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Cranial Nerves

Cranial Nerves

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Published by sarguss14
Medicine I Lecture on the different cranial nerves, their functions, and methods of evaluating them as well as the different diseases that might cause any abnormality in their function
Medicine I Lecture on the different cranial nerves, their functions, and methods of evaluating them as well as the different diseases that might cause any abnormality in their function

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Published by: sarguss14 on Sep 12, 2008
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06/24/2014

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Neurologic examination
CRANIAL NERVES
 
 
Cranial Nerve (CN) Examination1
st
CNOlfactory2
nd
CNOptic nerve3
rd
, 4
th
, 6
th
CN Occulomotor, Trochlear and Abducens5
th
CNTrigeminal7
th
CNFacial8
th
CNVestibulolocochlea9
th
CNGlossopharygeal10
th
CNVagus11
th
CNSpinal accessory12
th
CN Hypoglossal
 
 
 
The olfactory nerve is a special afferent cranial nerve composedof sensory fibers only.
Its sole function is to discern smells.
Olfaction depends on the integrity of the olfactory neurons in theroof of the nasal cavity and their connections through theolfactory bulb, tract, and stria to the olfactory cortex of the medialfrontal and temporal lobes.
 
Cranial Nerves Exam
To test olfaction:
2.An odorant, such as concentrated vanilla, perfume or coffee, is presented to each nostril in turn.3.The patient is asked to sniff (with eyes closed) andidentify each smell.
Olfaction is frequently not tested because of unreliable patient responses and lack of objective signs.
CRANIAL NERVE I (OLFACTORY NERVE)

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