3No. 42 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 16, 2011
Sens. McCain and Lieberman cite“alarming new low” in UkraineVerdict is “major disappointmentto all friends of Ukraine,” says Lugar
WASHINGTON – The ranking member of “Today ’s verdict against formerthe U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Ukrainian Prime Minister YuliaCommittee, Sen. Dick Lugar (R-Ind.), on Tymoshenko is a major disappointment toOctober 11 reacted to the verdict against all friends of Ukraine. It is likely to furtherformer Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia distance Ukraine from its stated ambitionTymoshenko by expressing disappoint-to join the community of European democment and underscoring that the Euro-racies. The Euro-Atlantic communityAtlantic community must speak as one should speak in unity that this proceedingagainst this latest setback to democracy in has been incompatible with our values,”Ukraine. Sen. Lugar said.
Putin’s Eurasian manifesto charts
Russia’s return to great power status
be read as balance-holder for a Europe
by Vladimir Socor
that Mr. Putin declines to dignify as
Eurasia Daily Monitor
“dynamic.”Russia’s prime minister and president-Russia would go on to initiate the forin-waiting, Vladimir Putin, has publishedmation of a free trade zone, eventuallya lengthy manifesto on integrating thean “economic community from the“post-Soviet space” economically aroundAtlantic to the [Russian] Pacific,” aimingRussia (“New Integration Project forto encompass the Russian-led EurasianEurasia: The Future Is Being Born Today,”Union and the European Union. ThisIzvestiya, October 4).could evolve toward “even moreThe publication’s immediate context isadvanced forms of integration, such aselectoral, but the implementation issingle industrial, technology and energyalready under way, and the thinkingpolicies.” This space would be economibehind it is deeply rooted. The Kremlin cally coordinated but politically “polyregards such integration as a resource-centric.” Mr. Putin’s construction (if multiplier for Russia, the basis for turn-achieved) would elevate Russia to a speing Russia into one of the centers of cial position by the default of others, aspower in a world of continental-scaleRussia alone would still operate as ablocs.fully sovereign single actor in this con-Mr. Putin’s integration project takesstruction.the form of concentric circles of RussianSuch pooling of resources would, indominance and influence in Eurasia andturn, enable Russia to act as “one of thebeyond. As the driving force in the Singlepoles of the contemporary world,”Economic Space from 2012 onward.according to Mr. Putin. “This partnershipRussia proposes to advance from that system of the Eurasian Union with theintegration core to a Eurasian EconomicEuropean Union can create real pre-Union, ultimately covering most of therequisites for changing the geopoliticalpost-Soviet space as an “integratedand geo-economic configuration on theregion.” Such a bloc would operate fromentire [Europe-Eurasia] continent, with“joint positions on the issues facing ourclearly positive consequences on theregion,” with Russia “coordinating” theseglobal level.” Mr. Putin’s “positive global”joint positions.consequences imply a process of de-At the center of a Eurasian Economicaligning Europe from the United States.Union, Russia would gain a status co-This message is consistent withequal with that of the European UnionMoscow’s appeals to Western Europeans(Mr. Putin speaks of European Union-(via Germany and France) to join withEurasian Union parity status, but whichRussia in an economically integratedhe really means is European Union-“Greater Europe” or “Europe-Eurasia.”Russia parity). Russia would then “func-The Kremlin was promoting this concept tion as a nexus between Europe and adynamic Asia,” whereby “nexus” must
(Continued on page 14)
White House “deeply disappointed”
by Tymoshenko’s conviction, sentencing
The following statement was
The United States strongly supports
released by the White House, Office of
the Ukrainian peoples’ goal of becom
the Press Secretary, on October 11 in
ing a democratic and prosperous
reaction to the verdict in the trial of
European state, and remains dedicat-
edto strengthening bilateral coopera-The United States is deeply disap-tion based on shared values andpointed with the conviction and sen-shared interests. Ukraine, however,tencing of former Prime Minister of cannot reach this goal without redou-Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko through a bled efforts to protect and advancepolitically motivated prosecution. The democracy and the rule of law for allcharges against Mrs. Tymoshenko and its citizens. For these reasons, thethe conduct of her trial, as well as the United States urges the release of Mrs.prosecution of other opposition lead-Tymoshenko and the other politicalers and members of the preceding leaders and former government offigovernment, have raised serious con-cials, and believes that they shouldcerns about the government of have an unrestricted ability to particiUkraine’s commitment to democracy pate fully in political life, includingand rule of law. next year’s parliamentary elections.
Helsinki Commission: Conviction of Tymoshenko
a serious setback for Ukrainian democracy
WASHINGTON – The U.S. Helsinki Ukraine’s European aspirations, whichCommission leadership on October 11 offer the best assurance of Ukraine’sexpressed dismay and alarm over the selec-future as an independent, democratictive and politically motivated prosecution and flourishing state. Unfortunately, theand conviction of Yulia Tymoshenko, who Tymoshenko conviction only jeopardizeswas sentenced to seven years in prison these efforts.”for executive decisions she made in 2009 According to U.S. State Department when she was prime minister.and various NGO reports, the state of “The politically motivated conviction democracy and human rights in UkraineofMs.Tymoshenkostarklyillustratesthe has deteriorated since Viktorundoing of democracy in Ukraine,” stated Yanukovych was elected president inChairman Rep. Christopher H. Smith February 2010. Worrisome trends(R-N.J.). “Right after the Orange include consolidation of power in theRevolution Ukraine was a beacon for hope presidency; weakening of checks andfor other post-Soviet states; now this bea-balances; backpedaling on freedoms of con is almost extinguished. The prosecu-expression and assembly; various formstion and verdict in the Tymoshenko case of pressure on media and civil societycall into grave question Ukraine’s com-groups (including the recent closure of mitment to OSCE human rights, democ-three opposition television channels inracy and rule of law standards. Her con-Kharkiv); and seriously flawed local elecviction bans her from office for the next tions. Endemic corruption continuesthree years, which raises serious doubts unabated, with weak rule of law and lack about whether Ukraine’s 2012 elections of an independent judiciary.can meet OSCE standards for democratic Of immediate concern are selectiveelections, and calls into serious question prosecutions of high-ranking members of Ukraine’s suitability to assume the chair-the previous government. On October 11,manship of the OSCE in 2013.”Ms. Tymoshenko received a sentence of “This is a serious blow to democracy seven years on charges of exceeding herin Ukraine,” declared Co-Chairman authority as prime minister by agreeingBenjamin L. Cardin, (D-Md.). “The highly to a 2009 gas deal with Russia that prose-selective prosecutions of ranking mem-cutors say harmed Ukraine’s economy.bers of the previous government, most Both the European Union and U.S.notably today’s politically motivated con-(including the Helsinki Commission) haveviction of former Prime Minister Yulia repeatedly criticized the trial as contra-Tymoshenko, fly in the face of Ukraine’s vening European values, in effect crimioften-asserted aspirations and efforts to nalizing a political decision, which hasintegrate into the European Union. The harmed Kyiv’s efforts at closer integrationHelsinki Commission and United States with the EU, specifically Ukraine-EU freehave strongly and consistently supported trade and association agreements.
OSCE chairperson expressesconcern about Tymoshenko verdict
WASHINGTON – U.S. Sens. JohnMcCain (R-Ariz.) and Joe Lieberman(I-Conn.) on October 11 reacted to theverdict in the Tymoshenko trial.Their statement noted:“With the sentencing today of formerPrime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko toseven years in prison, the Ukrainian government under President ViktorYanukovych has reached an alarmingnew low in the deterioration of democracy and rule of law. Today’s verdict wasthe product of a politically motivatedtrial that did not meet international standards, aimed at silencing a member of the opposition.“For that reason, it is about far morethan the fate of one Ukrainian leader. It goes directly to the question of whetherthe Ukrainian government respects basichuman rights and its international commitments, and whether Ukrainian citizensreceive equal treatment under the law.“It is now more important than everfor the United States and our Europeanallies to work together to make clear tothe Ukrainian government that the benefits of Euro-Atlantic integration will not be available to Ukraine so long as it violates the values of freedom political pluralism, and the rule of law that lie at theheart of the Euro-Atlantic community.”VILNIUS – The OSCE chairperson-inoffice, Lithuanian Foreign Minister
Audronius Ažubalis, expressed concern
at the conviction on October 11 of formerUkrainian Prime Minister YuliaTymoshenko and urged full transparencyduring the appeals process.“I have followed this case closely andpreviously urged the Ukrainian authorities to ensure that the defendant’s rightsto a fair trial were fully respected. It isnow vital that the appeals process beconducted openly and fairly and in linewith the highest standards to restore thetrust of the Ukrainian people and the
international community,” Mr. Ažubalis
said on October 11.“Ukraine needs to show the utmost transparency in the conduct of its judicialprocesses. While countries have a duty touphold the rule of law, they must do so ina way that avoids the selective application of justice,” he added.Ukraine is preparing to take over thechairmanship of the Organization forSecurity and Cooperation in Europe in 2013.