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Apollo 11 headlines in the Los Angeles Times

Apollo 11 headlines in the Los Angeles Times

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07/02/2011

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STAl.TINGWITHASMllE_Asfronou~Neil
A
Armstrong,whotshewolkstotransfer
von
withMichaelCollins,c~h~er,andEdwin
E.
tobethefirstmantosteponthemoon,gives
Q
thumbs-upsignasAldrinJr.Vantookthemtolaunchpodforstcrtofhistoric
~O;'I~124PAGESDAfLY10c
ApolloSpeedsonItsIncredibleQuest
CraftPerformsWellon1st
Day
ofTriptoMoon
BYl\IABVIN1\llLESHOUSTOX-Apollo11vaulted
to-
wardthemoonWednesdaytomake
adreamcome
true-etc
landmenon
earth'ssatellite,unlockthesecretsofitsoriginandperhapsexplainthemystery
of
earthitself,TheincrediblequestbeganfromCapeKennedyat
6:32
e.m.
PDTwhena
gleaming.36-story'Saturn5launchrocketthundered
skywardto
hurlaloftthreeastronaut-explorers,TheywereApollo11commanderNeilA.Armstrong;EdwinE.AldrinJr..lunarmodulepilot.and?I'IichaelCollins.commandmodulepilot.Theirsisthemostaudaciousspace
mtssrcn
yet.with
a
glitteringrole
in
history
if
theysucceed.Themomentof
truth
in
the
daringdramashould
be
playedbeforeatelevisionaudienceofmillionslate
Sunday
night
whenArmstrongfirst
stepsfromthelandingcraftontothedesolatelunar
Sea
ofTranquility,GazeBaek:OtlShriDkiDrEarth
Apollo11had
soared73.S80nau-
tical
milesfromearthandslowedto6.621feetpersecondat10p.m.PDT\Vednesday,
asthethree
crewmengazedbackatthespectacleofashrinking,blue-whiteearth,Control
of
thelandingmission,whichactuallybeganeightyearsand824billionago,shiftedtothe
~rallnedSpacecraftCenterhere11
secondsafterlaunchasthehugerocketcleareditslaunchpadtower.Justbeforean~shaking"7.5million
pounds
of
thrustburstfrom
thebooster.launchcontrolspokequietwordstothecrew.
-Good
luckandGodspeed!;;
Armstrongansweredalmostea-
sually,..
"Thankyouverymuch,Weknew
it
'tt.111beasuccessfulflight
IntheshakingclimbatoptheSa-turn5throughtheblazingsepara-tionofthelaunchrocket's
first
stage,pressuresbuilttofourtimesthatofgravityonly
to
vanishand
build
again
in
thestaging.
ElevatorRid"BasLittleEffect
Butthe~delevatortide
bad
littleeffecton
the.
veterancrewmencompared
with
theirl
reactions
on
earlierGeminimissions.
Armstrong's
heart
raw,
whi4t
hit
146beatsaminute
.on
Gemini,touchedahighofbut110wednes-day,Collinsdjpped.fromaprevious125to99,whileAldrin
was
lowman.dropping
frorn110on
Geminito
S8
onApollo11.'
Thespacecraftand
its
third
stage
rocketwere
first
loftedintoa103nauticalmileparkingorbitat17,450
rn.p.h.
where
\hecrew
went
througb
anintensivecheckoutofApollo'smanysystemswithMissionControl.Theonlyfailureduring
this
brieforbitalperiodwasaproblemwiththecolortelevisionsystem,whichthecrewsought
totest
duringashort
passovertheGoldstone
Track-
i.ngStationnearBarstow.Apollo11subsequentlycame
NASAUNEASY
MadisonAvenueCapitalizingonApollo
Products
IGo,
Baby,
GO!I
ThousandsExult
NixonDesignates
astheMajesticJourneyBegins
Monday'Holiday'forWalkonMoon
BYROBERTE.DALLOSNEWYORK-"Becauseorthe
li-
mitationsofspace.olllythemost
\'j-
tal
earthelementscanbetakenaboard."That'snottheXatfonalAeronau-ticsandSpace,\dministrationtalk-Ing.It'sGeneralFoodsCorp.Itclaims:TangIsoneofthose"v-ital
earth
elements."
And
there
ari!many
many
others.
-c-rangingfrom"Lactone'sfamous.No.19"wlthwhichtheastronauts
will
brushtheirteethIf')theSon;tape
recorderwhichserenadeda
previouscrewwithFrankSinatra's"FlyMetotheMoon."Justhow·,:ita\"suchitemsaretnthemooneffortm;.;ht
be
open
1...,
discussion.Butthey'resuddenlyvi-t.0I.1othemenofMadisonAvenue.AlotofcompanieshopetomakealotormileageoutofthefactthatsomeeverydayproductswillbeSOingalongonthetrip:Astronaut.::Net!}.._.I,rmstrong.EdwinE.AldrinJr.and),{ic:haelCol-
Hns
wilt
wearsungtasses
made
bv
AmericanOpticalCorp.andwillkp.epthemseh'cs
iri
shape(juringtheireight-day
OiSh'!.
byworkingoutontheS29.S.')
E....
er-GenteExerci-scr.apreductorExer-Genie,Inc.ofFullerton.Calif.They'lltake
pic-
tureswithaHasselbladandmite
with
lheRocxetAstronaut.There'shardlyacompanynQt
Plf:ase
Twn
to
Page00,
Col.
3BYJACKSELSONaDdN-ICHOLASC.'CHRISS
T_la"Nrllm
.CAPEh."E:'I.i"'NEDY-Withawishnathysaid'ofthelauneh,
-I
wasonefor
good
luckandGodspeed.theyoftheproude.tAmeril;ans,'.saidgQ!'XlbytotheplanetearthandTheastronauts
Jeft
behindattheclimbedstraightthroughthesear-moonportatypicalAmericansceneingmorningsunlight.oflitterbugs,back-slappingpoliti-Throngs,stretchedalongtheFlcr-dansandcommercialism.butevenidabeachesformiles,watchedWed-thatdidnotdetrao::tfromthemajes-nesdayasastronautsNeilA.Arf!l-tyofthelaunch.strong,MichaeJCoUinsand
EdWin
The
tho~ndsor
viewersat.tbeE,AldrinJr.beganman'Sfirstat-
\'1?
sttecolfeeth'ely·heldtheirtempttolandonthemoon.breathasthehugerocketenginesFor2!02minutesafterthelaunchignited.enVelopingthe'launchpadat6:30am.POT,thecrowdsIol-inbrilliantorangeflaniesandmush-JawedthethunderingSaturn5rock-roomingsmoke.ethigherandhigherovertheAtfan-FormerPresidentLyndonB.tic..JohnsonandVicePrt$identAgnew'['helastthey
S1!\V
(IfApollo11'WasJedthedignitariesvieuingfromawhentheSaturn'ssecond-stageell-specialsite.etneflashedtolife..whentheve-Afterwatchingthelaunch.Mr.hidewasmorethan;)0milesofftheJohnsonsaidinatelevisionInter-coastandnearly222,000feethigh.view,"Idon'tbelievethere'saSingleW!I:oD:r~:;ie-:~:n:'~arkedPleaseTurD
to
Page3~eeL1theircarsonbeaches,setuptents,andrestedoncots,theNationalAer-onauticsandSpaceAdmini$b1ttionshuttled7,000specialguestsintothespacecenterforafrontrowview,Visitors,indozensoflanguages,urgedthemightyspacemachineup-
ward
as
it
hammeredthe-earthwith7.5millionpoundsofthrust.Womenhadtearsintheireyes.Fromthou-sandscametheplea:
~Go,
baby,go~'TheRev.RalphDavidAbernathy,PresidentoftheSouthernChristianLeadershipConference,admittedthatheevenforgotforthemomentthattherearepoorpeopleintheworld.Heretoprotesthugeexpenditure.';(Inthemoonprogramwhilemanyof
the.
POP!.'
-are
s13M'ing,
Mr,
Aber-
Honduras,EISalvadorAccept-Cease-Fire-:.WithConditions
SA..'\SALV.IDeR.ElSalvador
!.f'I
_HondurasandElSalvadoraccept-ed
a.
cease-fireWednesdaynightproposed
by
apeacecommitteeoftheOrganiz.ation
(Iof
Americangtates,buteachnationinsistedonconditions.
The
t.wocentralAmericennationsbeganfightingthreedaysas!').
A
spok6manfor
EJ
Satvader'sF~lgnMinistrysaidhisgovern-mentdemandedassurancesthatpersecutionofSalvadoreancitizens
in.
Honduraswouldstopandthatthesituationwouldreturntotbat
pe~i:~
,,:r~~~~ji~;
~~dOU~
into
eff~ta"lOOn
.a~
Koftduru
.U'lpp.tri
hMtfliUH
.r.d
theOAS
r.mnmH\..tfIICCPPt.edElSalvador':I
MnrJltinnr.
A
_fYl"..
,rru.n
fflr
',h..
OASpelroP.
"lImm!llI'~,w
hI
r
h.1Irrivl!<1
Irn'll
WlhlnC'onin~n
~.ltIlvat:lnr
"l".....
If'"
r:t,hl,...
Itl
HlIWll'fura.
'''''pM.rir'1
fit
"I
rilllf",.w;;c.f!.rtby
'"fte-
In;,providedSalvadoreantroopswouldwithdrawtotheirowntern-tory..Salvadorean
tanks
andtroopsmarchedtowardTegucigalpa,Hon-duras'capital,Wednesdayaftercreasingtheeasternfrontierandit
appeared
the
hea\oiest
fighting
raged
aroun·dNacaome,Xacaomeis3.1roadmilesinsideHondurasand
is
ncarahighw.aythatleads75milesnorth
to
Teguci-
PI.,...TIlIlI
to
P...6.CoL1
THEWEATHER
Mode~t.tImo,lOd.y.
1:.5,WeatherBurauforcca·M;Xlgh\andearlymomlnr1ft\!.'clouds.
Ilthf!rwtM>
hazyII\Jftlhinlf'.Rda)'
Inri
,,·rlrtIlY.lIllh
uldn,
M,HICh\liM-n,""Y,13;Inw,,.
c..,laU
waau.r
W.,..,!ea..
'a••
4,
rut
1.
t
FrancotoNameHis
SuccessorTuesday
'!.LillRlD
\.PI_
Gen.FraactseeFranco
called
Wednesdaynight-foranextraordinarysessionoftheCortes(parliament)tomeet"rues-dayandnominatehissuccessoraschief
(If
state.
It
waswidelyassumedFranco
would
f,lroposethatPrinceJuan'Car-losdeBourbon,31-year-oldgrandsonofSpain'slastking,AlfonsoXIII,
be.
crowneduponllisdeath.
An
announcementtoappeartoday.inthe-official'statebulletin..saidFranco,now7~,would
ptrson,all;y
speaktoa
fun
Session
of
-the
Cortes:
"in'relation:'\\'ithArticleSof-the-lawof··succ.e..<:sionofthechieftain'ofstate.".Thisarticle
in
Spain'sorganiclaw
ruler
that:
Franco~at:whatever
moment"mayproposeto-the
Cortes
"the-personthatheestimatesoughttobecalledinhisdaytosucceedhim,withtitleofklngorregentPleaRTurntoPa...11,Cal.1BYDONIRWINWASHINGTON_Presi.dentNixon
Wednesday
cie:;ignated
l10nday
asa
~National
Day
ofParticipation"togi,\'eallAmericansachancetoshareintheadventureofmoon
explora-
tion.InaproclamationissuedafterApollo11waslaunchedtowardthemoon,Ur,Ni."tonexcusedallbutes-sentialfederalemployesfromworkfortheday.Hecalledongovernors.mayors,
schooloffic_ialsandprtvate
employerstotakesimilaraction"so
~~~l~::Ya~fe~r~~:er;e~
nificanteventsofthatday."ThePresidentfurthercalledon~allofourpeople.onthathistoricday,tojoininprayer
for
thesue-ceSsfulconclusionofApollol1'smlssicnandthesalereturnof
its
crew."
RefrainsFrom'Holiday'The\VhiteHous~pointedly~framedfromusingtheword"holi-day~todescribetheday.
\Vhatev~r
it
is
called,AmericansbytheDlll-li<)oswillbewatchingtelevisionastbe
great
adventureofApollo11reaches
its
dim
ax,
sch~~i!r~o~dlo~~~:::nu~~:.
dayafternoon,andtheastronautswillbegintheirwalkonthelunarsurfaceearlyMonday(lateSundayPd.oiictime).Likemany.ofhiscountrymen.Mr.
Nix
0
nwaswatchingtelevtston
whenthemoonrocketmade
its
per-feettakeofffrom
Cape-
Kennedyat
6-:32
a.ra,PDTWednesday,Withthel"residentasbewatched
ena
colorSetinstalled
in'
asmallroomoutside"Disovalofficewas
FrankBorman,thecommandpilot
ofApollo8,'whlchmade-the
first
lunarI)rbit&flight
last
.December.
Borman.explainedtechnical.
as-
peersof
the
liftoffandthe
first
phaseoftheflighttothePresident.Herem~edattheWhiteHousePluaeTurnto!"aCe
33',
CoL..
ONTHEWAY
-A
doubleex-
posure
shows
theAJ'C)I1o11
blastofffromCope
l<erInedy
anditsdistanttarget,
moClII.
(IIW1~
through
with
anunscheduled--anddclayed-teleca:st..early
WedneSday
eveniIlg
that
showed
thenow-~
at
planetearth
in
eolorfromadis-tanee
of.54,OOO
tq
55~OOO
enes..:
Thepicturewasclear,
shciwu;g
al..mostafullearthwitha'Whiteclou.dmantleonaseaofblue.Eleventelecastsfrom
space
aM:scheduled
with
thenextprogramligeat
4:32
p.m,
PDT
today.
TherealsW'tof
the
lunar
vojageoccurrednotsomuchonearth
bUt
at
a
point
high
O\'U
the
mid-PacifIC
asApollo()
swept
eastwardat'9:1&
am.
Please
Tum
to-Pace~c;OLT
GRANDOLDMANOFNEWAGE
VonBraunStartedHisFlighttoMoonHalfaCenturyAgo
BYBUD'!'ABBAMSON
Index
to
TheTimes
CAPEKE~:'"EDY-Wernhevon
Braunis57MW.gray.moreampleofgirth,moreimpatient
with
momentslost.He
is
stilladreamer.butmorethaneverapragmatist.He
is
an
0p-
timist,abrillianttechnicianandanexceptionalpublicrelationsman.Perhapsmorethananyotherman,veeBraunbutenedthe
ditwnof
theSpace
Age,
tn
no
smallmeasure,he
il
to
be
creditedfor
U.s.
apacelea
el'lhipeumllUrled
by
theApolio11mluion
to
lindmenon
the
moon,
The
German-homVonBraun
i.&
a
rocketmin,the
tim.
known.
if
not
(he
brtt.
ID
the
world.
Over
the
la.l
threedeeatto!l.he
hu
~~:I~~e~D~~ntt~[:t(on~
1M
.,1.
r,(
wlr",.
a"..dI
"'toc$.If
F*,lble
1M
uplGratioft
at
IfJAU
BOOJi:
REWlE'W.
P';fP
10.
part~,
BBlDG&
Pace
7,Part.••CL.\88UI'IBD.
Pap$
1.18.
Part
5.
COHJC&
Pap
2';'.Part
t.
(.'lt088W0JU).
Pap
18.
Part
5,DAYI!(8AClU.H&..~
PqJ:(,
Part
1.
EDlTOR1AIACOLQCrI.
Pqa
6.
7,Part
::!.
Z~"TEBTA.I~'HBST.
1OCIl!:fY.
Papa:
r-rs.
Part
t.
PtJj'lYClA.L.
Pq
12-1"
PaH.
3.MSI'IlOPOUT.\.'Y..
na.
Part
2.
Mono"
PICTtrllBI.
PIpI
Ul~,
!".art
.,
IP'OaTS,
""Io!'
H1.
I'.n.
:I.
".,.,,4.,.....
1.,
I'.
'art
4
VI1U........
,fart
I.
r......,
Jullioreeu.sr-
'WofIIMltttSlo.h
Fqel,Pa1:'
_....r...,T.Ib..
1IiIIIIIc..-_1Id
.......'....1.
I.·.~'_rlltlp.
h,W.......WMMW'CNI.
....to,.rt
1.
......,..UJ._SIotr
......worW_......
.........'.......-t.1
I
He
began
hU;
single-minded.~
~~.:r~
~~~tre~h:=
~·enJ
skvrocli:ets.mounted.
te~
sideii
'offus
coasterwagonand
lfent
them.screamingthrough
the
crowd.
(If
terrifll!rl
pedestriansstrotling
TIe-
garlenAlley
in
Berlin.
His
careeereached
its
apexwhen
the
awesomeSatumSrocketdeve-
loped
UDder
hi!
leadershipat
Uu..
IbaD
Space
FUght
ceeeee
1R2lt
'ISWl
toward
bIr
n~
1aru:Hng
on
the
IDOOft
W~:r.
To
IDUeh
of
theworld,VonBnullpetWD1fie1
tb.
A.m~1\
IIJ*e
1>1:0-
,r.m.
H.
ia
more
fUlOU.l
thanthe
utroaaUtl,
probabt,
bette!'
tm..n.
thai:
U
acent1
to.
worb
fer
ar
!h.
'PIN
t-enter
he
lludl,
en~~",1;;e~o:!
rw.Tuo.........
CoLS
,
,
 
PlaneNoiseShuts2ndSchool
RACING
RESULTS':-ENTRIES
WGWoacUl.AnONIN
Ttli
WfST.".,,,,91DAILY.1,301)"11SUIoIDAY.
I
·FRIDAY
1,
fill
VOl.LXXXViii
DAIlYlOci'
IXPARTS-PARTONEFRIDAYMORNING,JULY
18,
1969106PAGES
CectWltltC1W
""--
HALFWAY
TO.
MOON
TouchdownMayBeMadeEarly,
CouldBeAdvanced3Hours;,LunaLandingExpectedToday
DOCTORSWARY
MoonWalkers'FirstStepsFullofDanger
BY
HAB~Y
NELSON'PhvsiclansoftheNationalAero-
na.utiCsandspace.~dmini.o!;r.ration
areconfidentApollo11
"ill
acccm-plishitsmissionoflandingmanon
themoonSundaywithoutserious
medicalproblems.
Butlikeeveryotherphaseof
this
adventure,theaccuracyofthe
predictionhingeon
theoutcome
of
somecalculatedrisks.Althoughtheredidnotappearto
heanysignificantmedicalproblems
ontheApollo10mission
in
~ray.Apollo11andotherfutureflights
couldbeanotherstory.
Forthefim
time
intheshort
historyofspaceflig-ht,
it
willbenecessaryonApollo11foramantostanduprightandwalkundergravitationalconditionsdifferentfromthoseonearth.Untilnow
i~
hasnotmadeanydifferencewhetherastronautswerestanding-upside-downorright-side-up-upanddownhavenomearunginspace,Movein.
Lig"hterGI'Bvity
WhenXeilA.ArmstrongandEdwinE.AldrinJr.steponthesolidsurfaceofthemoon,however,theywill
have
to
moveabout
under
a
gravltaticnal
.rorce
onlyone-sixth
that
oftheearth.'Villtheone-sixthGbeenoughtostimulate
in
anormalwaythe
body'sbalancemechanism
in
theinnerear,thusallowingtheastro-nautstostandandwalkwithoutlosingbalance?Orwill
the
balancemechanismbeabnormallystimulatedandsendinformationtothebrain.thatcouldcausethemto"Icsetheirbalanceorperhapsbecomemotionsick::'Dr,CharlesA.Berry,the
estro-
nauts'chiefpbj-sician,expectsthat
a
recentlyinnovated
training
pro-
cram
designedtoteachastronauts
hOI\
til
ada}'lttothesedifficulties
1\1
solvetheproblem.
But.inan
interview.Berrylistedthevestfbular-disturbance-ctheme-dicaltennfordizzinessamimotionsickness-casoneofhistwoorthreer.hiefconcernsduringtheApollo11
flighl
Healsowillbekeepingacloseeyeentheenergyrequirementsr"rdoi"TIgworkonthemoonandontheastronauts'::leepins"habits.Annstrcngis
scheduled
tospendabouttwohoursand40minutes.=atheringJ"OCksamisettingupinstrumentsonthelunarsurface.,-Hdrin
\\111
spendlesstimethere.Work
Load
Questioned
How
muchener,;:'
"illit
takeInn(lthisamountofworkinastiffandunwieldyspacesuitunderone-sixth
G'
01;e
mightthinkasixth-Gforcewouldreduceenergyrequirements.buttheoppositemay
bit
true.Spacenffi~iaJscannotforgettheirsurprise
lit
(I!'ldln:::
howdlfncultit.wastnrastronautstoworkcutAidcacapsule
while
\\'>ciJ;htlc~~.'rwcGeminIspacev-alks
h~rl10
hi'
CU
,hortbecause::I~lrnn~l!I~
ber-ame
l'xhaum,fflann
(I\....
hr"I".1IJnrir;'Ih054"fttndiliorll
(nmp(ltHllhnG"
theprnhlr.mwill
hr-
~~..t:llfficulty
flf
J:l'ttinl:f'no!J~h
......,r11:rlt\~
th..
fl!:llhlll(
....r
tt!..
..t«t!t.!.,·_,
m·'llin
i)jO·ilu,.,.nfrxdr..
m,.tll.r,~,l'!p..
rI
(iL..
-ter..InIh..
lll!'lll'
"1....
T""....,.,.,.,
wI.
I
HOWTHEY"WILLREST-Lul'lor
module'seseeetstegeis
0
stondup
vehicle,with1"10couches'orchoirs,ondtheastronauts
will
restthis
woy
be-foreondoftertheirexcursiononmoon'ssurface.
TimtsdrllwiDg
b3-'
RIllI!~llAras1tlltb
HazardsiNoiseAroundAirport
TRUCECOLLAPSES
W'IICISdC'ShI
ASHONDURAS,
loseeconItyc
00.SALVADORFIGHT
.Ai..~rtJuniorHigbSchoolwillbeclosedshortlybecauseofnoiseand
safety
hazardsfrom,
airplanes
usingInternationalAirport.theBeardofEducationd~idedThumay.Theschoolat9000AirportBlvd,isthesecondto
be
shutdownasaresultofgrowingproblemsinvolv-ingexpandedairportoperationsandtheireffectonschoolslocatedin
night
paths,WestchesterElementary.Schoolwasclosedlastfalland
its
600studentsweretransferredtootherschools,AconsensusofthebeardfavoredshuttingdownAirportJuniorHighon~unds
that
planesusinganewnorthrunwavatthe
airport
\\-ill
nydirectlyover'theschool.Thenewrunway
is
expectedtoopeninDecember.
A
formal
voteon
shutting
down
theschoolisexpectednextweekalongwithadecisiononwhethertodosetheschoolinSeptemberorFebruary.Thedal~
"ill
dependonwhetherairportofficialscan
be
persuaded
to
postponeopening
theDeW
runwayuntilFebruaJj-.it....asirldieated.,
Bythat
time.
beilities.
can
be
constructedatnearbyjuniorhigh
seboels
to
handletheuansferofthe1.500studentsfromAi~JUl'IiorHigh,stanpersonnel
told
theboard.
Doa~
s.:sJiobJPouibl.
OthtrWile,someIChoolsrrcel\lin:;Airport;;.tlld~l'Il!ingepremeeewouldbe
toreed
10
_hilltodouble~~~il')n~.
T!"IfOhOitd
nt~!
week...110(~
IKpel:l,!"jII)
dl!C'id~
tY.1
a
"Ian
fttr
II'an"ft'rr!n;
,\irpnl'l
JUTIIl'lr
Hlh
~1.1'1I!nl1toluuoundlnaIl'hoI'ljll.Th..'1111"111)"
tf
",I'\.lh"l.nr...'
O~t'
~rh,)I"}l,
!.l
Jlly"llol,-rl,Ind....h':htr
BYJACKMcCURDY
T'-U!OWi..
Wltv
tosendAirport
Junior
High'sap-
prOXimately500NegrostudentsbacktopredominantlyNegr0schoolsfromwhichtheynavetransfl'!md.Theboard
is
expectedtochooseamongseveralalternativesproposedby
staff
officials.includingonewhich
-willdecrease
theminorityenrollmentatnearbyWrightJuniorHighandWestchesterfrom10%
to
S~andotherplanswhichwillboostJtashigh
as
38%,ByCODSeIlSllS,boardmembersrejectedthepossibilityof
sound-
proofing
Airport
JuniorHighatacostof$1.5million
and
continuing
to
use
it,
Mrs.GeorgianaHUdysaid:"Aschoolwithoutwtncewsandwithcloseddoors
is
!d.ucationallybad.·refernngtotheconstructionalterationrequiredtcsoundprooftheschool.PleneTurntorare~,CoL1Anan:nouncedtruceintheCentral
.Americanwar
collapsed
Thursday,
EISalvador:reponed
its
troopsopeneda
third
front
In
Honduras,and
Hondurassentplanesinto
actionagain.
AHonduran
officialhadreportedanagreementonatemporarycease-firewhileaecmenteeoftheOrganiZationofAmericanStatessoughttoend
Latin
Ammca'$first
war
inmorethan30years.Cease-firetalkapparentlymetlittle
response.
in
ElSalvadorwhere.initial
military
successes
:in
three'daysof
war
touchedof[criesforapush"allthe
way
totheAtlantic
The
Can'bbean.
outlet
totheAtlantic,
is
ontbenorthcoastofHonduras.morethan100milesfrom
San
Salvador.whicI-_
is
onthe
Pacific:
sideofCentralAmerica.HondurashasbothCaribbeanandPacincccasts.PleaseT!!t'DtoPac.:1.0,Col!HOUSTONIll-TbeApollo11missionfacedanewlikelihoodThursdaythatanunmanned.Soviet
craft
wouldtrytostealsomeoftheglory
from
the
American
effortto
takethe
first
~teps
tin
the
moon.
New'
calculationsoftheorbitoftheSevierLuna15showed
it
wasindeed
ina
positiontolandonthelunarsurfaceandcompletethemis-sionsomeobserversbelieveitbasbeenassigned:tobeatApollo11backtoearthwithsamplesoflunarsoil..Therewasalso'apossibility.however,that
it
onlyintendedtophotographlunarfeaturesfrom
its
62-milealtitude,Britain'sJodreU
Ba.nk
radiotele--scope.trackingtheSovietcraft,reportedtbeneworbitalrt;Ures.Originally,
the
British.scientistsestirnatl!dtheLuna.orbitasrangingJrom600to1.200miles,ncrcompati-hie'withalunarlandingeffort.
ObserveI'Charesl'lind
Butnowthecbservaterychief,SirBernardlzy:eU,saidheexpectedthecraft
to
trytolandonthemoontoday,Thereapparentlywas
tnuechance
of
a
collision
as
Apollol1--carryingNeil.A,Armstrong,Edwin
E.
AldrinJr.and:MichaelCollinstoman'sfirst
lunar
landingattempt-e-airaedat
orbit
just
69
milesover
themoon.
U.S.expertssaidearlier
that,
even
if
Luna15wereinthesameorbitasApollo11,therewould
be
practicallynochanceofacrashbetweenthetwo.AtJodrellBank.SirBernardsaidtheradioobservatcrrwasalsoreceiving-voicereportsfromApollo11.·Wehavethefi5cinating
sttua-
tion
of
listening
to
Apollo
in
oneearandLuna
in
theotber,-hesaid,The~ugoslavnewsagen~Tan-jug,inadispatchfromMoscow,quotedinformed
Soviet
sourcesassaying
that
Luna15shouldlandonthemoontoday.pickupsamplesandreturntoearth,So...etsourcessaid
human
livescannotberiskedbeforeautomaticstationspavetheway
fOO'
spacemen.andaddedthatthe
M\iet
Unionhadorienteditselftotheservicesof
Please
'IuratoPare
::I,
CoL1
BYMARVINMILES
~...,._WJ11w
HOUSTON-Restedand
fit,
the
.-\pollo
II
astronautspassed.
the
:halfwaypointtothemoon
'fburs-
day.adjustedtheiraiming
pont
slightlyandtelecastanexcellent~minuteprogramfromspace..Spaceagencyofficialsannouncedthatthe
astronauts'
walk
onthe
lunarsurfaceIllaycomesoonerthanscheduled.CliffordCharlesworth.Apollo11flightdirector,saidit
was
".within
the
realm
ofpossibility"that
astr0-
naat~eilA.Armstrong'sHrststeps
onthe
moon-now
set
for
11:21p.m.
PDTSunday-mightbemovedup
asmuchas
3;':
hours.Heindicatedsuch
a.
decision'would
be
.ArmstroD~S
to
make.andthat
it
woulddependonthestatUsofthecrewandthespacecraft.nterthelandingofthelunarmoduleen'
themoonearlier
Sunday,AstronautsArmstrong.Edwin
E.
AldrinJr.and-MichaelCollins:sent
backcutstandtagpicturesof
the:
earthandperhaps
the
best
tntertoe
shotsofanApollocommandshipyetreturnedfromspace.LessDepthofColorColorviewsofthecomputerwere
soclear,
in
fact.
that
figures
and
the
steadysecend-by-seecndcount
of
thegreen-lightedtimercould
be
followedeasily,Armstrongopenedthe.program"l.'.ithadiscussionofthe
earth
view.detailingasceneof
the
WesternHemispherepartlyman
t
ledbyclouds.
He
explained
that,
at
the
rangeof130,000nau~miles.there
is
lessdepthofcolorthanatshorterdistances,Aldrinmanagedtoslaw-rolltheearthinthemanner-of
<II
fighter-pilot-byrotatingthecamera---afterwarning:"Holdontoyourhat.world.
I'mgoingto
turn.
you~psid~
down!"
Collins
tookviewersona
conduct-edtourofthespacecabin,with.Aldrinascameraman,and
pointed
outeverythingfromthecomputer10themyriadswitches,gauges,panels,
Please
Tur11
toPare~CaL1
Federal,State,CountyOfficestoCloseinHonorofMoonFeat
The"NationalDayofParticipa-
ttea"
will
be
celebrated
inLos
Angeles
Monday
primarily
as
it.
government.holida~',itappearedThursday.
Cen~lly.speakiag,
departmentstores,foodmarketsandprivatebusinessfirmswill
be
epenasusual.PresidentNixonexcusedall
but
EssentialfederalemployesfromworkMondaytogive
them.
acbance
to..
bareman'slunar~loraticn,
Late'
Wedn!Sday,aeUngOev,Edward
Reinecke
deelared.all
state
departInentsandagencies
and
allpubllc
Iclmohs.
collesesanduatvee-
litis
dllMlforthe
dar
inbonorof
the
Apollo11
mlss:um.
Headded
thlt
Mate
orncu"will
maLntainsutfJc!entwork
forca
to
meet
eml!l'gencyMhl&lleNlandpr~
'-ide
\1taUy
netHlUJ'
po.rbUc:.trvl·
OK,·
E"*IEDeb.chltnn,,,fir
thl!
l:OU!)ty
BalM
of
liupr:rviHrl.
Tbl.l:r..
dJy
Aid
.11
CQlJnty
ofn.....wUI
be
d"Noed.
).1ay..,rS.,aYnny
rlqUl'l.ed
Ihal
IndextoTheTimes
BOOKREVIEW.
Pt1t
4.
Pm~
BRIDGE.Pap
6.Part..
CLA.88IP!!:t'.
p,.~
1·22.,
Part
S,
COMIc:.&
Page
17.
Pan
4,CR08lIWORJ)_
'Pa,e
21.
Part
S.
DAY
tx
8A.CIt.\)JE!IiTO,
Pa;e
4.
Part
2.
EDITORlA1&COLlrHSI.PapJ8,9.PIn2,KSTEBT"'I"JU:~T.8OCIJrn'.
Pqet:
I·li,Put~.
PISAXCLU..P.pt
U,II.Part
3
)f£Tll,OPOUfUi"EWL
Part:.
NMIO,,"PlM'C".,....~
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PMt-C.
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Pip~.
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c:.a..
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11Ii
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f,
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MiMI..Mete..
et
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rIP1.hrt:.
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1'..
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a.
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c-cIo.....__
......,.....,...1.
t
BYLAWHENCE1tlAYtheCityCouncilconcur
with
Mr.
Nuoe'sdeclaration.wbichwouldgi"ecityemployesaholiday.
The
<counciladjournedThursdaybeforethemaror-smessagewasreceivedTherequestprobablywiltbe
eccsi-
deredtoday,Cityrefuse:collectionandservicesoftheDepartmentofWatuandPowerawaitthedecisionoftheCity
CouncU
tod~S.
Judges
wrestjed
with
courteatee-
darB
-most.
ofThursday:.
Only
Superi-orCourtsint:1ecentraldistrlctand
bnnch
court$.heaI"iJlg
criminal
mat,..
:ill~~
J~=rie~~~
al&obeinllellSiou.
:.!....
.\!~
AU.·_t~
h!-d"'lieuu.,
=:t~~~c~=·
ule4.,·cli~
tame
hour'.'
AnypeNW-ritedaselth2r.partyar:
~,ItM¥l
InIlM
Ippurat,"-.rAW
UrN:,
tha
,pr~
judie..-.
O,,!yrnunlclp!!r:;JU1Uwhere.rtaJ,funerul
Ire~u~
will
bt
rw.tt
fa,.'-,....
II,
eM·
I
r,
 
FORSAFETY'SSAKE
CarsWifhComputersSeenin70s
BYDANFISHEBDETROIT-Ifyoubelievedevery-
~youreaq
in
screaee
ficti011
books.
you'dpredictthat
by
19';9·
wel1
bedriving
around
in
some-
thing
styled
likeaspacecapsul"
powered
by
atomicenergy.automa-
tically
gUided
alonganelectronic
highway
at
100m.p.h.By
the
year2000,maybe,butnot
1979.sayautoindustryleaders,They
de,
however,promiseafew
surprises.Forcne
thing,-
manyof
themthinktheaveragecar'that
yearwillbesmallerthantoilar's
models.
Itwill
alsobesafer.
with
a
smallcomputerearriedaboardto
insure
that
everythinggoeswellInfact,
if
the1950sweretheyears
ofpag~ntry(themorechrome,the
moresplendidthe
car),
andthe
1960sofpmltferation(acarstyling
foreverypersonality),thenthe
197()s:
may
well
be
theyearsof
practicality.
GasEnfinesWll
BemaiD
The
"gu
guzzling
dinosaurs,-a'
theywereoncecategorized,willstill
be
with
us.
But
they
may
beoutnumberedbycarsthatare
lighter,moreeecnomtcaltooperate.
easier
to
park,
andeasierandless
costly
to
repairthan.thoseoftoday.
Whil~
insistingnobettermeansoftransportation
than
theautomobile
is
available.Henry
Ford
IT.
chair-manof'FordMotorCo.•admits:"I'mfrightenedbytheparkiIlgandroad(eongestion)problems."
Still.Fordbelievesthatfo.!tureautomobileswill
bemuch
like
tay's
ears.
'Fot"fMwill
beaboutthesame
with
engines
in
thefrontandpowerthrough.
the
rearwheels,
I
don't
,thinkthere'llanyqUeStion
they'll
haveanInternal
combustion
engine.-Andsoit
goell.
whetheryon,.U.lkwith
engtaeers,
stylists,
researchers,
nreventransportationplanners
in
Detroit.
Aretheysoinbredtheyean'tsee
theautomobile(orthe
hubcap!
Perhl.ps,
to
someextent.lIuttoa
larger
extenttheyt'ealize
that
dwlge
I:;omesslowly.
Makin,Chu,aDiffieult
Lawrence
Hafstad.
~t1y
re.-
tired
CkneraIMotorsresearc:hviet!president,
point!:
outthat"it'smoredifficult
to
make
startling
cllangesinaproduct
that
baS
been
aroundas
longastheautomobilebas.
onearea.due,formuchmore
attention
than
in
thepastiseutcee-
bilerepairsana:service."Inthe
past
wehaven't-eaidparticularattention
to
the
iotal
servicequestion
in
thedesignofthe
carHenry
f'Qrd
1I
confesses.
"We
started
in
the
MaVl!ricltheadds.andthisproblem
Will.
havemueb
higber
priorityinthe
future.
Ae:tongapproachesbeiDgcons
dered,Fordsays.is~moduJarassea-
bly.·Whena
part
orsystembreaksdown.
it
won't
be
repairedjit'llbe
pulled
ootof
tm
ear
in
a
paekJ.ge
andl'eJ2laeed.
Pkue
Tumto
h,e13,
CoLt
GiantRiptidesHitCoast;1,500
Saved
BY
WD..LIAM
,J.
DB'CMMOND
LifeguardsIn
Los
Angeles
and
Orangecounties
fHCUed.
more
than
].500,personsfrombeavysurf}<'ridayas
giant
riptidesspawned
by
atropicalstormsWeptacross
South·
landbeaches.
A
14-year-old
boy
was
reported
missing
in
the
waters
of(Huntington
State
Beath
in
Oranse
County.
Be
wu
notimmediatelyidmtti6ed.
Late
Friday,
lifeguard.
atZuma
~eh:reported
that
powerful
swells
wereconUDuinBand
peeed
aserious
riptidethreaLAtRedl:JndoBeach.officialfl
ad
JW~u.
wereinmaftingand
w-ouJd
prtaentadancerlorlarge
weekend
uowdll.
Tidu
werereportedIUbAdiII,
e~here,
J)urbt,
the
day,
l.UDLI
Bac:b
re-
parted_.IIa
up
1612
tMt.
that...
~t
..tnlh4Jl
·Jl.x
W,.toSUrldl"
ae-
_lao
to...
Uf....,d._..
7AJrl'II.
tdr.aIMI
fie.
ntC"~f1:~
l;i"B't7
y
r::
\1,/"_
,"IdAI"'"
"'rid.,..
"":;.w..
u~,
BIH"aIUI
,,,,.....,.1,.,'.
'4'"
i....
rllplr.1.Is)fm
tl4f
M""k:q
,.....,.,.........,CoI.
NixonUrgesAdiontoProvideUniversalFamilyPlanningAid
BirthControlProgramO~t!inetoCongre,sWouldMakeAvai.lable·AdviceandContraceptivesteMillions
BYDONIBWJ1rl
---
ASHINGTON-PresidentNixon.built
onfoundations
that
have
urged,actionFridaytomake.faz:i:J.ilygrowns
i
nc.e
f
crme-rPresident,planningaid_availablewithinfive
Dwight
D.Eisenhowersaid
in
1955yearsec
all
AmericaJ:lwomenofhenO'longer.believedfamilyplan--child-bearingageregardlessof
in.
Ding
was
an
improper
activityofcome.government
The
proposal
was
thekeypartofa
Mr.
Nbcon'sstanddrewapredic--proposed
birtheentrol
program
settableresponse.
out
by
\bePresident
in
aspecialCrusadersfor
population
c3!ltrolmessage
to
Congress
on.worldpraisedthe
President
formoving
populationproblms.Thebirtheon-forwardwithdemesne
and
foreigrt
trol
aid
would
be
madea'\"3ilabletoprogramsshaped
under
the
last
allwomenwhowant
it
butcan'tthreePresidents,
;fiord
it
AttJ:iesametime.at'leastone
"I'ht!-
Administrationestimates
it
Roman.'Catholicspokesman,thewilleost.about$150millionyearly
to
YeryRev.HughCurran.directorof~advic:eandcontraceptives
the
dwreh'sFamilyLifeBureau.foravailable
to
aUthe5.4million
the:
N~York~
wamm
womenatorbelowthepovertythatthen!
is
-an
implicit
pressare
in
level.Theycompriseabouta
fifth.of
receivinfromthe.samehandbotha
~n.potential-cbIld-bearingopula-=~e:==~d:,Wbatto
The.
goal
Mr.
Nixon
set
.~tailiI
The
PresidentremindedCongressreorganizationandfive-foldexpen-
.of
projectionssh~'theU.s.
:~fb~~~:~V~~ifea~:'
:"lli!~ti:
~~~=
rommilJ:
EdUtatiODandWelfare,andthe
by
the.year.2000.WithoutpromptOffice
of
EcoDottiicOpportunity.andcarefulplanning.he
said,
bous-
In
fiscal
19&9,
$30
million
was
~~!:~iaiob
ai~;~
Illt!
inadequate
to
deal
with
such
growth.
The
Presidentprepoged
that.
Con--
gress
create
a
DeW
·ecmmissiononpopulation.gtQwth.and
the
Amm.~
PIeue
T1IrB.t.
Pap"
c:'AL
J-
IndextoTheTimes
Aft8OLOGV.
PII"
1.Put.3.
CJWSCB......
PIpIIH4,Par1L
CLUIIPIItD..
Paps
1·20,
Part
4.
aDd
......amdlf"artL
COIUCL
.PIp
iii,
Part
a.
~""'J.,PU1
DAYI.uau...
",O,,,,U,hr't,.
P,.6IfCI4L...._i-l1.
'art'.
~'fO'..........'...
4.
Part~.
NMJp.Pk.TI·,.'1l
..,..""~II7.
P."
.........,Q,''.....
:.:.f.,.t'l
.,,,!U,
NMI.'.,.
'7,
"'11
_-...CottoooIr
..,.....,.....
.
.
City'",......,_,
~"',_..,'"'
--"-"
62?AGES
DAlLYIOc
Astronauts
Prepare
LandingCraftasApolloNearsMoon
CouncilRejedsMondayHolidayforEmployes
Cite,$1.5MillionCosttcCity;Someof
25,000
Say
TheyMayCallin
'Sick'
BYEBWINBAKER
-_
......
City
employes-
willworkMonday
despitepresidential
and
state
pro-
clamations
<le-clatiDg
it
a
national:holidayhonoring
the
Apollo
11
1'I'\00n
mission,
but
someworkershaveindicatedtheymay
call
in"sick.".By~
vote
of
10to1,
the
CityCouncil
Friday
refused.toconcur
"!ith
Mayor
Sam
Yort'Y's
proclama.~tlonThursdayadding'
Los
Angeles
to
the-
National
Day
of
Participationproclaimed
by
PresidentNixonandLL
Gov.
EdReinecke.
Its
action,affeeting25,000council-controlledemployes,.followedareportby
Asst.
Chief
AdministrativeOfficerCarl
F.
Pahl
that
thedayof!would
eost
the
titr$1.5
million.Earlier.
the
BoardofWaterand
POW'er
CommissioneI";!ldecide
d
against:
aholidayfor
its
'12,400empJaye;;.
Aleatia
Aeeept
DtcilioD
And
spokesmenforthe-Air-
ports
Department,
with
7':a
em-
P~$,
and
th<!
HarborDepartment,wlth500
wot"kers,
said.
they
'WOuldgo
aIcmg
with
the
eounciJ.'s
d@ciSiOD.
The
COUl1cil'saction
was
contrary
tothe
Thunday
decisionsoft.heBoardofS\.pet"Visc'aandBoard
of
Education.
whicll
clOSed
cotmty
offices
and'the
ICbools
fot'the
historie~WDt.
'The
council's
decision
drew
a
blast
fromthelO,OOO-memberAllCityEmployes
Assn...
wbicll
chargedemplD}'emorale
was
~~y
da-
maged
and
asked
lot'
anIn-lieuday
offuponthe
return.
ot
theApollo11
tooarth.
ACEA~dentAlice
M.
Koomji-anannounced
that
atelegram
was
sent
to
the-astroaaut,s.
in
tare
01'
theHoustonepece
center,
informing
themofthecity'sactionandadding:
-But
we
wantyou
to
knowthat
all
of
the
Los
.Angeles
city
employesarewithyou100%.·.
lfissKOWlIjiaD.
Rid
her
office,
bad
been·deluged~
with
eom.pIaiDtsfrom
city
WOI'kers.
some
of
whom
indicated
that
tliey
wecld
be
'siek'
Monday.
PI_'r1U'lIt.P.r:e:5,C.L:5
NerveGasLeakin
OkinawaReported
WASHINGTONCUPI}-A
ecatat-
neroflethalnervegasbrokeopen
July
S
ata
V.s.1IlWt3ry
'base
fJ!J!,
~~~~~~~
TheDefenseDepartment
aeknow'-
ledged
law
Friday24
personswere
givenm@diealattentionbecause
of
a-mishap·
on
Okinawa
earlier
thi!
monthbutrefused
to
AY
whether
Il!rv@'gaswasinvolved.
TheWallStreetJournalreportedthemenwereplacedunderobserv
tionwhenacontaineror
weapon
containinglethalVXnerve
gas
brokeopeD
ataU.s.
installation
July
8.
ThePentagoDiSaued
this
state-
%Dent:
Aa:
l'UUlt
of
a
milbapon
Okinawa
which
oecurred
July8while
they
were
WOl'kiDg
ona
11WDt.aIaocc
operatlcm,
23U.s.
mili-
tarypmonnelandoneUs.civilian
employe
were
placed
under
medical
.......UO..
•Al....
releued
and
returned
tofulldutTwtthiJl.bout.
IixMan.
Nootht:r
penoIUI".,.
Innlvtd."
Pre.ed
for
further
det&UI.
-the
=~t=-~
-"~~tU~3~
mIIbIp:
..ut
the
ir~
_·_;a.._01
:;r:-~~oq;:.
-.
1'!WI1a.1I"••
m..
,..bHt,,!
J.ry
W.~,
~y.......
......_.........CoI.I
TREATYBARSMOONOWNERSHIP;OTHERPROBLEMSREMAIN
BYEARLW.FOELL.lJNlTEI>NATIONS-Tb'eApollo
It
astronautsarescl1eduled
to
plantanAmericanFlagonthemoon's"dirtybeachsand-andleave~da.plaquecontainingtheirnamesandPresidentNixon's.Butnoownershipgoes
with
the
Flag,Fortwoyearsagodiplomats
a.ndinternationallawyers
figura-
lively
got
tothe
moonbeforethe
fIrSt
mentolandthere.The1967"moon.treaty"
that
they
drew
up,andtheAmericanSenateunanimously
ratified,provided
that
thereshould
-be
en
nationalclai.ms
to
ownershipofanycelestialbodies.
.The
treaty
alsobannedweapons
ofmass,destructionandmilitarybases
frolP"';pacl:,
andreq\lired
spaWIQetI.
to
a.1foidcontaminating
the
moon.andotherbodies
with
earth
orga-nisms--.andviceversa.
ButtbeUnitedNatiOIl!
chair-
boundspacepioneers
cantlot
resteePI_
Tam
tePa,.
S,COL1
SovietMessagetoBormanIndicatesLuna
15
Won'tLand
BYJACKNELSON'B:OUSTON-ARussianmessagetoastronautFrankBorman'pledg·ing
that
Luna15will
not
mterfere
with
the
Apollo
11
flIghtlndicate$the
S!!viet
spaeeship'smission
prob-
ablywill
notinclude
amoon
landing,spaceofficlalsheresaidFriday.Therehadbeenlittleconcern
that
theLuna'sII100norbitwouldinter-sect
the
Apollo
course.ButBorman
andothers
had
surmised
that
the
Russian