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Lunar Orbit Rendezvous

Lunar Orbit Rendezvous

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Published by AwkwardBugger
A 1961 paper by John C Houbolt advocating LOR for Apollo.
A 1961 paper by John C Houbolt advocating LOR for Apollo.

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Published by: AwkwardBugger on Jul 02, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/21/2014

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EFOREWORDInthecourseofconductingresearchontheproblemofspaceren-dezvousandonvariousaspectsofmannedspacemissions,LangleyResearchCenterhasevolvedwhatisbelievedtobeaparticularlyappealingschemeforperformingthemannedlunarlandingmission.Thekeytothemissionistheuseoflunarrendezvous,whichgreatlyreducesthesizeoftheboosterneededattheearth.Moredefinitelythemissionmaybedescribedessentiallyasfollows:Amannedexplorationvehicleisconsideredonitswaytothemoon.Onapproach,thisvehicleisdeceleratedintoalow-altitudecircularorbitaboutthemoon.Fromthisorbitalunarlanderdescendstothemoonsurface,leavingthereturnvehicleinorbit.Afterexplorationthelunarlanderascendsforrendezvouswiththereturnvehicle.Thereturnvehicleisthenboostedintoareturntrajectorytotheearth,leavingthelanderbehind.Thesignificantadvantagebroughtoutbythisprocedureisthemarkedreductioninescapeweightrequired;thereductionis,ofcourse,adirectreflectionofthereducedenergyrequirementsbroughtaboutbyleavingasizablemassinlunarorbit,inthiscase,thereturncapsuleandreturnpropulsionsystem.ThisreporthasbeenpreparedbymembersoftheLangleyResearchCentertoindicatetheresearchthathasbeenconducted,andwhatacompletemannedlunarlandingmissionusingthissystemwouldentail.Forfurtherreference,maincontactsareJohnD.Bird,ArthurW.Vogeley,orJohnC.Houbolt.J.C.H.October31,1961

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