2as shown in Figure , the density of dust on the atmosphere affecting the photovoltaic and droppingthe performance of the panels. Moreover, it might cover the tracing sensor of the outdoor panels;therefore, it will not trace the sun anymore, (Khoshaim et al., 1983). Or it might penetrate the collectorsunder the glass layer and reduce the mirror reflectance, (Thomas et al., 1985). The other possibility, itmight degrade the collectors due to its presence on the atmosphere with a high density because of thenearby industrial zones or sand storms that effect the amount of radiation to reach the panels finally(Goossens and Van Kerschaever 1999). For record, this study doesn't deal with the issue of theparticulates on the sphere or inside the concentrator. It is going to focus on the effect of dustparticulates on the performance of the surface of the collectors.
Figure : Reduction in the solar intensity received by photovoltaic panels (El-Shobokshy,M. and Hussein,M,1993)
Since the early 1960s, the scientists have noticed and studied the reduction of the collectors'performance due to the pollution of solar cells' surface (Al-hasan and Ghoneim 2005). Such studies, atthat time, were focused mainly on the thermal cells and the effects of dust accumulation on the mirrorreflectance (Dietz, 1963). On the other hand, the recent researches and studies cope up with the updatedinformation that deals with the solar and photovoltaic panels. They highlight the negative results forthe effect of dust on collectors. In this context, many experiments have been made to test the effect of dust on the solar panels in terms of the collected power, the effect of particles size, the effect of windon the accumulated dust, and the effect of different types of dust (limestone, cement and carbon)