have, therefore, increased tremendously. The importance of publicadministration has been keeping pace with these developments.The interest of the scholars in the study of public administrationhas also been correspondingly increasing. Although the study of public administration as a separate discipline is of recent origin, thesubject has been studied for quite a long time as a part of thediscipline of the political science. Before taking up a study of thesubject of public administration, it would be worthwhile to have anidea of the meaning and scope of the subject.
B. Meaning of Public Administration
Public administration is a part of the wider term “Administration”.To understand the meaning of public administration we must,therefore, firstly try to understand what administration means.
The word administer is derived from the Latin words administrate,which means to care for or to look after people, to manage affairs.According to this wide definition almost every human activityinvolves some kind of administration. Even in primitive societies,simple activities like hunting, food, gathering, etc., could not becarried on without some form of organization. Somebody had todetermine as to who will do what. Certain norms of behaviour hadto be laid down to decide the distribution of work among themembers of the primitive groups. Of course, the administration atthat time was rather simple because the tasks to be carried out werealso simple. With the growing complexity of modern life theadministration of private as well as public affairs has become moreand more complex. We would now consider some of thedefinitions of administration given by prominent scholars.
has said, “Administration has to do with gettingthings done; with the accomplishment of defined objectives”.
James L. McCanny
defined Administration in these words,“Administration is the organization and use of men and materialsto accomplish a purpose. It is the specialized vocation of managerswho have skills of organizing and directing men and materials justas definitely as the engineer has the skill of building structure or adoctor has the skill of understanding human ailments”.