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Surveillance for Violent Deaths — National Violent Death Rep

Surveillance for Violent Deaths — National Violent Death Rep

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Published by: Ken Connor on Jul 02, 2011
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Department Of Health And Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Surveillance Summaries March 20, 2009 / Vol. 58 / No. SS-1
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Surveillance fr Vilen Deahs —Nainal Vilen Deah Repring Sysem,16 Saes, 2006
Edirial Bard
 William L. Roper, MD, MPH, Chapel Hill, NC, ChairmanVirginia A. Caine, MD, Indianapolis, INDavid W. Fleming, MD, Seattle, WA  William E. Halperin, MD, DrPH, MPH, Newark, NJMargaret A. Hamburg, MD, Washington, DCKing K. Holmes, MD, PhD, Seattle, WA Deborah Holtzman, PhD, Atlanta, GA  John K. Iglehart, Bethesda, MDDennis G. Maki, MD, Madison, WISue Mallonee, MPH, Oklahoma City, OK Patricia Quinlisk, MD, MPH, Des Moines, IA Patrick L. Remington, MD, MPH, Madison, WIBarbara K. Rimer, DrPH, Chapel Hill, NC John V. Rullan, MD, MPH, San Juan, PR  William Schaner, MD, Nashville, N Anne Schuchat, MD, Atlanta, GA Dixie E. Snider, MD, MPH, Atlanta, GA  John W. Ward, MD, Atlanta, GA 
series o publications is published by the CoordinatingCenter or Health Inormation and Service, Centers or Disease Controland Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department o Health and HumanServices, Atlanta, GA 30333.
Suggesed Ciain:
Centers or Disease Control and Prevention.[itle]. Surveillance Summaries, [Date]. MMWR 2009;58(No. SS-#).
Ceners fr Disease Cnrl and Prevenin
Richard E. Besser, MD(
anja Popovic, MD, PhD
Chie Science Ocer 
 James W. Stephens, PhD
 Associate Director or Science 
Steven L. Solomon, MD
Director, Coordinating Center or Health Inormation and Service 
 Jay M. Bernhardt, PhD, MPH
Director, National Center or Health Marketing 
Katherine L. Daniel, PhD
Deputy Director, National Center or Health Marketing 
Edirial and Prducin Saff
Frederic E. Shaw, MD, JD
Susan F. Davis, MD(
Assistant Editor,
Robert A. Gunn, MD, MPH
 Associate Editor,
eresa F. Rutledge
 Managing Editor,
David C. Johnson(
Lead Technical Writer-Editor 
 Jerey D. Sokolow, MA 
Project Editor 
Martha F. Boyd
Lead Visual Inormation Specialist 
Malbea A. LaPeteStephen R. Spriggs
Visual Inormation Specialists 
Kim L. Bright, MBA Quang M. Doan, MBA Phyllis H. King
Inormation Technology Specialists 
Vol. 58 / SS-1 Surveillance Summaries 1
Surveillance fr Vilen Deahs — Nainal Vilen DeahRepring Sysem, 16 Saes, 2006
Debra L. Karch, PhD
Linda L. Dahlberg, PhD
Nimesh Patel, MS 
Terry W. Davis, EdD
 Joseph E. Logan, PhD
Holly A. Hill, MD, PhD
LaVonne Ortega, MD
Division o Violence Prevention, National Center or Injury Prevention and Control, CDC 
Oce o Statistics and Programming, National Center or Injury Prevention and Control, CDC 
An estimated 50,000 persons die annually in the United States as a result o violence-relatedinjuries. Tis report summarizes data rom CDC’s National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regardingviolent deaths rom 16 U.S. states or 2006. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, loca-tion o injury, method o injury, circumstances o injury, and other selected characteristics.
Reporting Period Covered:
Description o System:
NVDRS collects data regarding violent deaths obtained rom death certicates, coroner/medicalexaminer reports, and law enorcement reports. NVDRS began operation in 2003 with seven states (Alaska, Maryland,Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, South Carolina, and Virginia) participating; six states (Colorado, Georgia, NorthCarolina, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin) joined in 2004 and our (Caliornia, Kentucky, New Mexico,and Utah) in 2005, or a total o 17 states. Tis report includes data rom 16 states that collected statewide data; datarom Caliornia are not included in this report because NVDRS has been implemented only in a limited number o Caliornia cities and counties rather than statewide.
For 2006, a total o 15,007 atal incidents involving 15,395 violent deaths occurred in the 16 NVDRS statesincluded in this report. Te majority (55.9%) o deaths were suicides, ollowed by homicides and deaths involvinglegal intervention (e.g. a suspect is killed by a law enorcement ocer in the line o duty)(28.2%), violent deaths o undetermined intent (15.1%), and unintentional rearm deaths (0.7%). Suicides occurred at higher rates among males, American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), non-Hispanic whites, and persons aged 45–54 years and occurred mostoten in a house or apartment and involved the use o rearms. Suicides were precipitated primarily by mental-health,intimate-partner, or physical-health problems or by a crisis during the preceding 2 weeks. Homicides occurred at higherrates among males and persons aged 20–24 years; rates were highest among non-Hispanic black males. Te majority o homicides involved the use o a rearm and occurred in a house or apartment or on a street/highway. Homicides wereprecipitated primarily by arguments and interpersonal conficts or in conjunction with another crime. Other mannerso death and special situations or populations also are highlighted in this report.
Tis report provides a detailed summary o data concerning violent deaths collected by NVDRS or2006. Te results indicate that violent deaths resulting rom sel-inficted or interpersonal violence aected adults aged20–54 years, males, and certain minority populations disproportionately. For many types o violent death, relationshipproblems, interpersonal conficts, mental-health problems, and recent crises were among the primary precipitating ac-tors. Because additional inormation might be reported subsequently as participating states update their ndings, thedata provided in this report are preliminary.
Public Health Action:
For the occurrence o violent deaths in the United States to be better understood and ultimately prevented, accurate, timely, and comprehensive surveillance data are necessary. NVDRS data can be used to track theoccurrence o violence-related atal injuries and assist publichealth authorities in the development, implementation, andevaluation o programs and policies to reduce and preventviolent deaths at the national, state, and local levels. Te
Corresponding author:
Debra L. Karch, PhD, Division o ViolencePrevention, National Center or Injury Prevention and Control,4770 Buord Highway, NE, MS F-63, Atlanta, GA 30341; elephone:770-488-1307; Fax: 770-488-4222; E-mail:dwy0@cdc.gov .

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