Vol. 58 / SS-1 Surveillance Summaries 1
Surveillance fr Vilen Deahs — Nainal Vilen DeahRepring Sysem, 16 Saes, 2006
Debra L. Karch, PhD
Linda L. Dahlberg, PhD
Nimesh Patel, MS
Terry W. Davis, EdD
Joseph E. Logan, PhD
Holly A. Hill, MD, PhD
LaVonne Ortega, MD
Division o Violence Prevention, National Center or Injury Prevention and Control, CDC
Oce o Statistics and Programming, National Center or Injury Prevention and Control, CDC
An estimated 50,000 persons die annually in the United States as a result o violence-relatedinjuries. Tis report summarizes data rom CDC’s National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regardingviolent deaths rom 16 U.S. states or 2006. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, loca-tion o injury, method o injury, circumstances o injury, and other selected characteristics.
Reporting Period Covered:
Description o System:
NVDRS collects data regarding violent deaths obtained rom death certicates, coroner/medicalexaminer reports, and law enorcement reports. NVDRS began operation in 2003 with seven states (Alaska, Maryland,Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, South Carolina, and Virginia) participating; six states (Colorado, Georgia, NorthCarolina, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin) joined in 2004 and our (Caliornia, Kentucky, New Mexico,and Utah) in 2005, or a total o 17 states. Tis report includes data rom 16 states that collected statewide data; datarom Caliornia are not included in this report because NVDRS has been implemented only in a limited number o Caliornia cities and counties rather than statewide.
For 2006, a total o 15,007 atal incidents involving 15,395 violent deaths occurred in the 16 NVDRS statesincluded in this report. Te majority (55.9%) o deaths were suicides, ollowed by homicides and deaths involvinglegal intervention (e.g. a suspect is killed by a law enorcement ocer in the line o duty)(28.2%), violent deaths o undetermined intent (15.1%), and unintentional rearm deaths (0.7%). Suicides occurred at higher rates among males, American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs), non-Hispanic whites, and persons aged 45–54 years and occurred mostoten in a house or apartment and involved the use o rearms. Suicides were precipitated primarily by mental-health,intimate-partner, or physical-health problems or by a crisis during the preceding 2 weeks. Homicides occurred at higherrates among males and persons aged 20–24 years; rates were highest among non-Hispanic black males. Te majority o homicides involved the use o a rearm and occurred in a house or apartment or on a street/highway. Homicides wereprecipitated primarily by arguments and interpersonal conficts or in conjunction with another crime. Other mannerso death and special situations or populations also are highlighted in this report.
Tis report provides a detailed summary o data concerning violent deaths collected by NVDRS or2006. Te results indicate that violent deaths resulting rom sel-inficted or interpersonal violence aected adults aged20–54 years, males, and certain minority populations disproportionately. For many types o violent death, relationshipproblems, interpersonal conficts, mental-health problems, and recent crises were among the primary precipitating ac-tors. Because additional inormation might be reported subsequently as participating states update their ndings, thedata provided in this report are preliminary.
Public Health Action:
For the occurrence o violent deaths in the United States to be better understood and ultimately prevented, accurate, timely, and comprehensive surveillance data are necessary. NVDRS data can be used to track theoccurrence o violence-related atal injuries and assist publichealth authorities in the development, implementation, andevaluation o programs and policies to reduce and preventviolent deaths at the national, state, and local levels. Te
Debra L. Karch, PhD, Division o ViolencePrevention, National Center or Injury Prevention and Control,4770 Buord Highway, NE, MS F-63, Atlanta, GA 30341; elephone:770-488-1307; Fax: 770-488-4222; E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org .