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FS-FuseApplicationGuide[1]

FS-FuseApplicationGuide[1]

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Published by: abdkha8644 on Jul 03, 2011
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APPLICATION INFORMATION
L 2
FUSE DEFINITIONS
Ampacity
The current a conductor can carry continuously without exceed-ing its temperature rating. Ampacity is a function of cable size,insulation type and the conditions of use.
Ampere Rating
The continuous current carrying capability of a fuse underdefined laboratory conditions. The ampere rating is marked oneach fuse. Class L fuses and E rated fuses may be loaded to100% of their ampere rating. For all other fuses, continuous loadcurrent should not exceed 80% of fuse ampere rating.
Available Fault Current
The maximum short circuit current that can flow in an unprotect-ed circuit.
Bolt-in Fuse
A fuse which is intended to be bolted directly to bus bars, con-tact pads or fuse blocks.
Contacts
The external live parts of the fuse which provide continuitybetween the fuse and the balance of the circuit. Also referred toas ferrules, blades or terminals.
Coordination
The use of overcurrent protective devices which will isolate onlythat portion of an electrical system which has been overloaded orfaulted. See Selectivity.
Current-Limiting Fuse
A fuse which will limit both the magnitude and duration of cur-rent flow under short circuit conditions.
INDEX TO APPLICATION INFORMATION
Definitions- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 2Fuse Descriptions- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 4Fuse Construction & Operation- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 5How to Read Time vs. Current Curves- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 6Low Voltage Motor Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 7Medium Voltage Motor Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 13Transformer ProtectionGeneral Discussion- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 14Low Voltage Primary- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 15Medium Voltage Primary- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 16Control Transformers- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 18Semiconductor Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 19DC Circuit Protection & Fuse DC Ratings- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 19Let-Thru Current & I
2
t- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 21Fuse Let-Thru Tables- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 22Bus Duct Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 27Capacitor Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 28Cable Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 29Welder Protection- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 30Selectivity Between Fuses- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 31Short Circuit Calculations- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 37Properties of Materials- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 42Stranded Copper and Aluminum Cable Data - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 43Recommended Tightening Torquefor Bolt-on and Stud Mounted Fuses- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 43Small Ampere Rating Equivalents - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 43Rules for Equipment Short Circuit Rating- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 44Ferraz Shawmut Instructional Videos- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 4410 Reasons for Using Current Limiting Fuses- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - L 44Suggested Specifications for Ferraz Shawmut Fuses- - - - - - - - - - - - L 45
 
L
FUSE DEFINITIONS (Continued)
Current-Limiting Range
The available fault currents a fuse will clear in less than
1 / 2
cycle,thus limiting the actual magnitude of current flow.
Dual Element Fuse
Often confused with time delay, dual element is a term describingfuse element construction. A fuse having two current responsiveelements in series.
Element
A calibrated conductor inside a fuse which melts when subjectedto excessive current. The element is enclosed by the fuse bodyand may be surrounded by an arc-quenching medium such assilica sand. The element is sometimes referred to as a link.
Fault
An accidental condition in which a current path becomes avail-able which by-passes the connected load.
Fault Current
The amount of current flowing in a faulted circuit.
Fuse
An overcurrent protective device containing a calibrated currentcarrying member which melts and opens a circuit under speci-fied overcurrent conditions.
I
2
t (Ampere Squared Seconds)
A measure of the thermal energy associated with current flow.
I
2
t
is equal to (l
RMS
)
2
 x t, where t is the duration of current flow inseconds.
Clearing
I
2
t
is the total
I
2
t
passed by a fuse as the fuseclears a fault, with t being equal to the time elapsed fromthe initiation of the fault to the instant the fault has beencleared.
Melting I
2
t
is the minimum
I
2
t
required to melt the fuseelement.
Interrupting Rating (Abbreviated I.R.)
The maximum current a fuse can safely interrupt. Some specialpurpose fuses may also have a “Minimum Interrupting Rating”.This defines the minimum current that a fuse can safely interrupt.
Kiloamperes (Abbreviated kA)
1,000 amperes.
Limiter or Back-up Fuse
A special purpose fuse which is intended to provide short circuitprotection only.
Overcurrent
Any current in excess of conductor ampacity or equipmentcontinuous current rating.
Overload
The operation of conductors or equipment at a current level thatwill cause damage if allowed to persist.
Peak Let-Thru Current (l
p
)
The maximum instantaneous current passed by a current- limit-ing fuse when clearing a fault current of specified magnitude.
Rejection Fuse Block
A fuse block which will only accept fuses of a specific UL class.Rejection is a safety feature intended to prevent the insertion of afuse with an inadequate voltage or interrupting rating.
Rejection Fuse
A current-limiting fuse with high interrupting rating and withunique dimensions or mounting provisions.
Renewable Fuse
A fuse which can be restored for service by the replacement ofits element.
Renewable Element or Link
The field-replaceable element of a renewable fuse. Also referredto as a renewal link.
Selectivity
A main fuse and a branch fuse are said to be selective if thebranch fuse will clear all overcurrent conditions before the mainfuse opens. Selectivity is desirable because it limits outage tothat portion of the circuit which has been overloaded or faulted.Also called selective coordination.
Semiconductor Fuse
An extremely fast acting fuse intended for the protection of powersemiconductors. Sometimes referred to as a rectifier orultra fast fuse.
Short Circuit
Excessive current flow caused by insulation breakdown or wiringerror.
Threshold Current
The minimum available fault current at which a fuse is currentlimiting.
Time Delay Fuse
A fuse which will carry an overcurrent of a specified magnitudefor a minimum specified time without opening. The specifiedcurrent and time requirements are defined in the UL/CSA/NOM248 fuse standards.
Voltage Rating
The maximum voltage at which a fuse is designed to operate.Voltage ratings are assumed to be for AC unless specificallylabeled as DC.
APPLICATION INFORMATION
L 3
 
L 4
APPLICATION INFORMATION
FUSE DESCRIPTIONS
High voltage (over 34,500V)
Expulsion-Type power fuses are available for nominal voltages of46, 69, 115, 138 and 161KV in current ratings up to 400amperes. ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Standardsare followed.
Medium Voltage (601-34,500V)
Current-Limiting or Expulsion-Type power fuses
areavailable for nominal voltages of 2.4, 2.75, 4.16, 5.5, 7.2, 8.25,14.4, 15.5, 23 and 34.5 KV in current ratings up to 720amperes. ANSI and UL Standards are followed.
Current-limiting motor starter fuses
are available fornominal voltages of 2.4, 4.8 and 7.2KV in current ratings up to36R (650A). These are special purpose R rated fuses for motorshort circuit protection only and are not full-range power fuses.ANSI and UL Standards are followed.
PTFuses
- Potential transformersrequire current limitingfuses or equivalent on the primary connection side. StandardPT primary voltages range from 2.4kV to 36kV. Since the powerrequirement is low (for relays, metering, etc.) fuses of the propervoltage are applied in the 1/2 to 5 ampere range. Several voltageratings are available, physical sizes vary amongmanufacturers.
Low Voltages (600V or less)
Many types of low voltage fuses are classified and identifiedfor use in 125, 250, 300, 480, or 600V circuits. UL/CSA/NOMstandards are followed. Common types are brieflysummarized below:
Summary of Low Voltage Fuses
AMPEREINTERRUPTING VOLTAGEFUSE TYPERATINGRATING-KANOTES
UL CLASSIFICATIONS
125Plug0-3010250Class H0-60010Includes renewablesClass K0-60050,100 or 200Interchangeable with Class HClass RK10-600200One-end rejectionClass RK50-600200One-end rejectionMidget0-301013/32x 1- 1/2300Class T0-1200200Very small dimensions600, 480Class G0-6010013/32diameter600Class H0-60010Includes renewablesClass J0-600200600V dimensions. onlyClass K0-60050, 100 or 200Interchangeable with Class HClass RK10-600200One-end rejectionClass RK50-600200One-end rejectionClass T0-1200200Very small dimensions.Class CC0-30200Midget one-end rejectionMidget0-3010, 50 or 10013/32x 1- 1/2Class L601-6000200Bolt-in
OTHER TYPES
130-4000Semiconductor0-2000200Many sizes UL component recognizedprotection1000Glass & Ceramic0-30up to 10Automotive and electronic, 1/4dia., 5 mm dia.Many sizes UL Listed & CSA certified600Cable protector4/0-750 kcmil200Crimp type, bolt type or solid studCu or Al cables600-4300Capacitor25-225200Variety of mountings250, 600Welder70-600200Class H, J, or L dimensions

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