FUSE DEFINITIONS (Continued)
The available fault currents a fuse will clear in less than
1 / 2
cycle,thus limiting the actual magnitude of current flow.
Dual Element Fuse
Often confused with time delay, dual element is a term describingfuse element construction. A fuse having two current responsiveelements in series.
A calibrated conductor inside a fuse which melts when subjectedto excessive current. The element is enclosed by the fuse bodyand may be surrounded by an arc-quenching medium such assilica sand. The element is sometimes referred to as a link.
An accidental condition in which a current path becomes avail-able which by-passes the connected load.
The amount of current flowing in a faulted circuit.
An overcurrent protective device containing a calibrated currentcarrying member which melts and opens a circuit under speci-fied overcurrent conditions.
t (Ampere Squared Seconds)
A measure of the thermal energy associated with current flow.
is equal to (l
x t, where t is the duration of current flow inseconds.
is the total
passed by a fuse as the fuseclears a fault, with t being equal to the time elapsed fromthe initiation of the fault to the instant the fault has beencleared.
is the minimum
required to melt the fuseelement.
Interrupting Rating (Abbreviated I.R.)
The maximum current a fuse can safely interrupt. Some specialpurpose fuses may also have a “Minimum Interrupting Rating”.This defines the minimum current that a fuse can safely interrupt.
Kiloamperes (Abbreviated kA)
Limiter or Back-up Fuse
A special purpose fuse which is intended to provide short circuitprotection only.
Any current in excess of conductor ampacity or equipmentcontinuous current rating.
The operation of conductors or equipment at a current level thatwill cause damage if allowed to persist.
Peak Let-Thru Current (l
The maximum instantaneous current passed by a current- limit-ing fuse when clearing a fault current of specified magnitude.
Rejection Fuse Block
A fuse block which will only accept fuses of a specific UL class.Rejection is a safety feature intended to prevent the insertion of afuse with an inadequate voltage or interrupting rating.
A current-limiting fuse with high interrupting rating and withunique dimensions or mounting provisions.
A fuse which can be restored for service by the replacement ofits element.
Renewable Element or Link
The field-replaceable element of a renewable fuse. Also referredto as a renewal link.
A main fuse and a branch fuse are said to be selective if thebranch fuse will clear all overcurrent conditions before the mainfuse opens. Selectivity is desirable because it limits outage tothat portion of the circuit which has been overloaded or faulted.Also called selective coordination.
An extremely fast acting fuse intended for the protection of powersemiconductors. Sometimes referred to as a rectifier orultra fast fuse.
Excessive current flow caused by insulation breakdown or wiringerror.
The minimum available fault current at which a fuse is currentlimiting.
Time Delay Fuse
A fuse which will carry an overcurrent of a specified magnitudefor a minimum specified time without opening. The specifiedcurrent and time requirements are defined in the UL/CSA/NOM248 fuse standards.
The maximum voltage at which a fuse is designed to operate.Voltage ratings are assumed to be for AC unless specificallylabeled as DC.