Sourced rom AGDAFF (2008)
Aquatic Animal Diseases Signifcant to Australia: Identifcation Field Guide
.Australian Government Department o Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Canberra.© Commonwealth o Australia 2008This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in whole or in part subject to the inclusion o an acknowledgment o the source and no commercial usage or sale.
Diseases o fnfshViral diseases—
Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis
Signs o disease
Important: animals with disease may show one ormore of the signs below, but disease may still bepresent in the absence of any signs.
Disease signs at the arm level
• typically many (hundreds or thousands) of small sh less than 10 cm long found ondownwind bank of water body • large numbers of sh-eating birds(e.g. seagulls) at water surface
Disease signs at the tank or pond level
• sh cease feeding• juveniles (<25 mm) often swimming indisorientated fashion at surface• adults may also be affected when the diseaserst arrives in an area
Clinical signs o disease in an inected animal
• distended abdomen• darkened skin colour• petechial (pinpoint) haemorrhages at base of ns• haemorrhaging of the gills
Gross signs o disease in an inected animal
• swollen kidney and spleen
Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis (EHN) in Australia is caused by epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV), a systemic iridovirus (ranavirus).Related viruses are responsible for causing the same disease in sheatsh and catsh in Europe(European sheatsh virus and European catsh virus).Note: In this guide, only EHN disease caused by EHNV is discussed.
Mass mortality o redfn perch. Note the small size oindividuals aected and swollen stomach o fsh at thecentre o the photograph.
Source: J Humphrey
Note the characteristic haemorrhagic gills o the redfnperch on the let.
Source: J Humphrey
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FORESTRY