Multimedia Communications and Service on the Internet (ETE 436) – Lecture 05
call. It requires a central unit known as an audio bridge which provides the necessary support to set up aconference call automatically.
What are the procedures of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)?
Ans.: Internet can be used to support the service Telephony. Telephony over the Internet is also known as packet voice or because the network protocol associated with the Internet that is why it’s often be calledthe Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP).VoIP involves-i.PC to PC telephone call andii.PC to telephone connected in PSTN/ISDN.
PC to PC telephone call: In PC to PC telephone call, the standard addresses that are used toidentify individual computers connected to the Internet are used in the same way as for a datatransfer applications.
PC to telephone connected in PSTN/ISDN: When a PC connected to the Internet needs to make acall to a telephone that is connected to a PSTN/ISDN, because they both operate in circuit mode,an interworking unit known as a telephony gateway is used. PC 1
sends a request to make a callto pre-allocated telephony gateway using the latter’s Internet address. Then gateway verifies theauthentication of user to use the service. Gateway requests the source PC the telephone number of the called party. On receipt of this, the source gateway initiates a session (call) with the telephonygateway nearest to the called party using the Internet address of the gateway. The called gatewaythen initiates a call to the recipient telephone using its telephone number and the standard callsetup procedure of the PSTN/ISDN. When the called party answers then called gateway signals back to the PC user-through the source gateway-then the call can commence. A similar procedureis followed to clear the call on completion.Fig: Telephony over the Internet
Text Only Interpersonal Communication:
Example of Text only Interpersonal Communication is electronic mail (email). For that the mostwidespread network is Internet. User at home can get access to Internet through ISP and