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6. Senyawa Halogen Organik

6. Senyawa Halogen Organik

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Published by Jimmy Roring
Senyawa halogen organik, termasuk reaksi substitusi dan eliminasi
Senyawa halogen organik, termasuk reaksi substitusi dan eliminasi

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jimmy Roring on Jul 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/18/2013

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Senyawa Halogen Organik 6/23/2011Jimmy, ST, MT (Teknik Kimia - ITN Malang) 1
SENYAWA HALOGEN ORGANIK;REAKSI SUBSTITUSI DANELIMINASISUBSTITUSI NUKLEOFILIK
Ion hidroksidaialahnukleofiliyang bereaksi dengan substrat (etilbromida)danmenghasilkanion bromida
Ion bromidadinamakan guguspergi (
leaving group
)
Guguspergi (bromida) mengambilkeduaelektron dariikatan karbon-bromin, dan nukleofili(ion hidroksida) memasokkedua elektronuntukikatankarbon-oksigenyang baru
Generalisasipersamaanreaksi substitusi nukleofilik:
Jikanukleofilidan substratnetral, produk bermuatanpositif Jikanukleofiliberupa ionnegatifdan substratnetral,maka produknya akan netral
 
Senyawa Halogen Organik 6/23/2011Jimmy, ST, MT (Teknik Kimia - ITN Malang) 2
CONTOH SUBSTITUSI NUKLEOFILIK
Nukleofilidapat digolongkanberdasarkan jenis atom yang membentukikatankovalen baru.
Nukleofiliyang paling seringdijumpaiialah
oksigen, nitrogen, sulfur,halogen dankarbon
 
Senyawa Halogen Organik 6/23/2011Jimmy, ST, MT (Teknik Kimia - ITN Malang) 3

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