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ALEC Prison Industries Act

ALEC Prison Industries Act

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Published by: ALEC Watch on Jul 05, 2011
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Part IV: Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse W
PRISON INDUSTRIES ACTSummaryThis Act provides for the employment of inmate labor in state correctional institutions and in the privatemanufacturing of certain products under specific conditions. The Act also sets forth the requirements andresponsibilities of the state commission of corrections, the governor, and other officers and agencies inrelation to inmate employment in correctional institutions and distribution of products and proceeds frominmate employment.Model Legislation{Title, enacting clause, etc.}Section 1. {Title.} This Act may be cited as the Prison Industries Act.Section 2. {Definitions.} As used in this Act:(A) “Correctional industries products” means all services provided, goods, wares, and merchandisemanufactured or produced, wholly or in part, by inmates in any state correctional institution. Correctionalindustries products does not include a product manufactured with inmate labor in a private manufacturingenterprise established under Section 7.(B) “Security designation” means one of six levels of restrictiveness enforced at each correctionalinstitution, as determined by the department of corrections, with security level I being the least restrictiveand security level VI being the most restrictive. {Varies from state to state.}Section 3. {State responsibilities.} The commission of corrections may:(A) construct, use, equip, and maintain buildings, machinery, and equipment as may be necessary to providefor the employment of inmate labor in state correctional institutions for the manufacture of goods, wares, andmerchandise and the operation of service;(B) purchase new material to be used in the manufacture of goods, wares, merchandise, and operation ofservices;(C) dispose of the manufactured products or provide services in the manner provided by law;(D) recruit and employ agents and assistants through the department of civil service as may be necessary tocarry out the purposes of this Act and recommend to the department of civil service classes and selectionprocedures that recognize the unique needs of correctional industries;(E) establish an advisory council for correctional industries that shall include representatives of organizedlabor, private industry, state government, and the general public;(F) enter into any agreements necessary for assigning inmates to employment in private manufacturingenterprises under Section 8;Section 4. {Revenues and expenditures.} Except as provided in Section 8, all money collected from thesale or disposition of goods, wares, and merchandise manufactured by inmate labor, or received for servicesprovided by labor in the correctional institutions pursuant to this Act, shall be turned over to the statetreasurer and credited to the correctional industries revolving fund, and shall be paid out only for the cost of-doing business incurred in carrying out the purpose of this Act.Section 5. {Sale of products.)
Volume I: Sourcebook of American State Legislation 1995150
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Part IV: Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse
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(A) Correctional industries products may be sold to, exchanged with, or purchased by state and federalgovernments, foreign governments, or any organization that is a tax exempt organization under Section501(c)(3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code.(B) An agricultural product that is produced on a correctional farm, unless it is utilized within thecorrectional institution, or is sold to an institution, government agency, or organization as described inSubsection (A), shall be made available without charge to nonprofit charitable organizations or to thedepartment of social services for use in food banks, bulk food distributions, or similar charitable fooddistribution programs. This subsection does not apply to an agricultural product that is not in a form suitablefor use in the manner prescribed in this section, such as bulk grain or live cattle and hogs, which may be soldon the open market.(C) Except as provided in Subsection (D), the labor of inmates shall not be sold, hired, leased, loaned,contracted for, or otherwise used for private or corporate profit or for any purpose other than theconstruction, maintenance, or operation of public works, ways, or property as directed by the governor. ThisAct shall not be construed to prohibit the sale at retail of articles made by the inmates for the personal benefitof themselves or their dependents or the payment to inmates for personal services rendered in thecorrectional institutions, subject to regulations approved by the commission of corrections, or the use ofinmate labor upon agricultural land that has been rented or leased by the department of corrections.(D) If more than 80 percent of a particular product sold in the United States is manufactured outside theUnited States and none of that product is manufactured in this state, as determined by the commission ofcorrections, inmate labor may be used in the manufacture of that product in a private manufacturingenterprise established under Section 7. A determination by the commission of corrections under thissubsection shall be made at the time the manufacturer applies to the department of corrections for approval toproduce that product pursuant to Section 7.Section 6. {Employment.} -The commission of corrections shall provide as fully as practicable for theemployment of inmates in tasks consistent with the penal and rehabilitative purposes of their imprisonmentand with the public economy. The types of employment may be as follows:(A) routine maintenance and operation of correctional institutions;(B) educational and rehabilitation activities, determined on the basis of individual needs and educability;(C) productive or maintenance labor in connection with the institution farms, or other land rented or leasedby the department of corrections, factories, shops, or other available facilities for the production anddistribution of correctional industries products and services;(D) labor assignments on state public works, ways, or properties when and as requisitioned by the governoror on public roads when duly requested by the appropriate state or governing body;(E) labor assignments in private manufacturing enterprises established under Section 7.Section 7. {Private employment.} Inmates may be assigned to work in a private manufacturing enterprisethat meets all of the following requirements:(A) The enterprise is established adjacent to a correctional institution or in an industrial park that is adjacentto a correctional institution, and is suitably designed for utilization of inmate labor.(B) The enterprise manufactures products that are permitted to be manufactured using inmate labor, asdetermined under Section 5(D).(C) The ratio of the number of employees of the enterprise to the number of inmates assigned to work in theenterprise shall not be less than one to three.
Volume I: Sourcebook of American State Legislation 1995 151

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