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07/05/2011

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QuestionPart ICakes come in a variety of forms and flavours and are amongfavourite desserts servedduring special occasions such asbirthday parties, Hari Raya, weddings and etc. Cakesaretreasured not only because of their wonderful taste but also inthe art of cake baking andcake decorating. Find out howmathematics is used in cake baking and cake decoratingandwrite about your findings. Answer:Geometry ± To determine suitable dimensions for the cake, to assist in designing anddecorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs, to estimate volume of cake to be producedCalculus (differentiation) ± To determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cake-baking, to estimate min. or max.amount of cream needed for decorating, to estimatemin. or max. size of cake produced.Progressions ± To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportionaldimensions, to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking, to estimate total amountof cream for decoration.

Part IIBest Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5 kg of round cake asshownin Diagram 1 for the Teachers¶ Daycelebration. (Diagram 11)
1)
If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 3800

, and the height of the cake is to be7.0cm, calculate the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cakeordered by your school.

[Use  = 3.142] Answer:Volume of 5kg cake = Base area of cake x Height of cake3800 x 5 = (3.142)(
)² x 7


(3.142) = (
863.872 = (
= 29.392
d = 58.784 cm
2)The cake will be baked in an oven with inner dimensions of 80.0 cm in length, 60.0 cminwidth and 45.0 cm in height.a)If the volume of cake remains the same, explore by using different values of heights,hcm,and the corresponding values of diameters of the baking tray to beused,d cm. Tabulateyour answers

d
in terms of
h
by using the above formula for volume of cake, V= 19000, that is:19000 = (3.142)(d/2)²h

=



= d²
d =


Height,h (cm) Diameter,d(cm)1.0 155.532.0 109.983.0 89.804.0 77.775.0 68.566.0 63.497.0 58.788.0 54.999.0 51.8410.0 49.18(b)Based on the values in your table,(i)state the range of heights that is
NOT