Non-revenue Water Treatment: The Philippines Experiences
William Webb, Senior Executive Consultant IKARI Chemicals Corporation
The responsibility for providing potable water services outside Metro-Manila lies with theLocal Water Utilities Administration (LWUA). Water Districts have been establishedthroughout the Philippines to provide potable water to the populace. At present there are over six hundred (600) Water Districts providing such services. The largest Water District is theDavao City Water District (DCWD), located on the southern island of Mindanao. DCWD produces more then seventy million cubic meters of water per annum. The non-revenue water (NRW) is about twenty seven (27) per cent.The largest Water District in the Visayas Region (central islands) is the Metro Cebu Water District. The production rate being about fifty million cubic meters of water per annum.In the Luzon Region, northern islands, the largest Water District is the Dasmarinas Water District (DMWD) with a production rate about thirty million cubic meters of water per annum.Most Water Districts are reporting a non-revenue water rate of between 15 to 35 percent.
Non-revenue Water (NRW)
In the Philippines a broad concept of NRW includes sources, which after a period of time, thewater quality deteriorates ( the symptoms being mal-odor, mal-taste, staining etc.) due to theingress of iron, manganese, hydrogen sulfide, etc., causing clients to either use less water or stop using it completely. This loss of revenue is in addition to that caused by leaks, the needto flush systems etc.. Quite often such sources have borderline specifications with thePhilippine Standard for Drinking Water.
Basis of Determining NRW Data
In essence almost all Water Districts rely on data gathered from water meter readings. Water meter readings are taken at each water source and collated. From this total is deducted thereadings of meters located at each client, the difference being the NRW figure. In addition
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