specifications used by fishmeal producersand purchasers.As explained Joseph P Kearns fromWenger, the developing trend in aquafeedplants is to ensure feed safety throughoutthe production process. A strategic pathto accomplish this would be to assessand design the facility with attention toraw materials and their storage, plantequipment design, processing or operatingprocedure, final product efficacy and theoverall culture of day-to-day operation of the plant.As Urs Wuest from Buhler said, thechanging requirement in the aquafeedindustry translate into a demand for spe-cific technical requirement such as extru-sion technology.
Ingredients and additives
Eufetech, the European Feed TechnologyCenter, and Linx Conferences proposed aconference focusing on feed safety andformulation advances.Eufetech brings together animal feedmanufacturers, academia and research-ers from: Bemefa (Belgium), FEFAC andFEFANA (UE), Cesfac (Spain), Tecaliman(France), Wageningen (The Netherlands),Ghent University (Belgium), FINSV(Serbia), Isan (Italy), University of Nottingham (UK).Since 1995, the EU has required feedmanufacturers to estimate the mixing andcross contamination risk on their plants.The pressure from this regulation hascontinuously grown and the last Directive(08/09) limited the carryover from threeto one percent for coccidiostics, depend-ing on whether or not it is target feeds.In this context, Tecaliman had devel-oped, beginning 20 years ago, rules toevaluate mixing capability of a mixer andcross contamination levels in plants. Thetechnical centre promotes a method usingexternal micro-tracer which became rec-ognize as a reference in Europe.The quality of new raw material asdistillers dried grain depend of the proc-ess on the plant as Kip Karges of PoetNutrition showed. Ilvo from Belgium hadevaluated the nutritional value of wheatDDGS for ruminants and pig.During the conference, a wide rangeof other topics had been presented, formGMP+ to enzymes as additives for upgrad-ing the nutritive value of poultry diets con-taining sunflower meal and the potential of organic trace minerals to improve animalhealth and reduce environmental impact of animal production systems.ticated price regulation tools are becom-ing available, a sign that the market isbecoming a worldwide commodity. Withthe market growth, raw material diver-sification will become crucial: the useof new raw materials such as straw andhay (which poses questions about com-petition with feed), corn cobs, sunflowerhusks, peanut shells and other biomassoffers a realistic opportunity for futurediversification. The general pattern is thesame as with feed: not to allow spoilageor waste of any resource.Finally, biomass quality is perceivedas essential in achieving successful mar-ket development. The ENplus qualitycertification is developing: 60 percentof Germany and 90 percent of Austriaproduction capacities are expected to becertified at the end of 2011.
Organised byLinx Conferencesin associationwith Nofima, theNorwan ResearchInstitute, and spon-sored by Buhler,Aquafeed Horizonwas attended bymore than 100participants look-ing for the latestdevelopmentsin aquatic feedproduction.For example,handling, storageand transport of feeds lead to attritionof pellets.Undersized particles represent loss andpoor utilisation of feed resources.Thus, feed with high physical pellet qual-ity is in demand. However, physical proper-ties affect the nutritional value of feeds.Research shows that feed intake appears tobe the main factor when evaluating pelletquality, but several other factors such aspellet durability, nutrient digestibility and fatbelching must be taken into considerationwhen searching for the most economicaland sustainable pellet quality.Hardness and durability combined withlow, medium or high water and steaminput in the extrusion process show differ-ent impacts on feed intake and fish growth.Those data can be used by the industryto better understand and correct theobserved variance in extrusion properties,pellet quality and to improve the productAssociation) which had been held on thelast day of the show.It focused on the market and on theopportunity for the pelleting technology.It shows some advantages: energy den-sity, logistics, lower investments in plants …the pellet demand might reach 229TWh in2020, 68 percent solid biomass, 50 percentpellets.For Jean-Marc Jossart (of Aeobiom), thedemand for pellets will reach 42 milliontonnes worldwide by then. Sweden withits two million tonnes (500Kt of import) of wood pellets and Germany (at 1.6 milliontonnes or nearly self-sufficient) have beenthe major European markets in 2009.The globalization of the pellet sectoropens up worldwide supply with the trans-port and logistical implication of the pellettransfer from regions with high biomasspotential to high consumption regions.Price index and more and more sophis-
30 | INTERNATIONAL
| July-August 2011
F: Victam 2011
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