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20.5 - Reaction Pathways

20.5 - Reaction Pathways

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Published by: IB Screwed on Jul 06, 2011
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20.5 - Reaction Pathways
20.5.1 - Deduce reaction pathways given the starting materials and the product
Halogenoalkane to Amine
Step 1 - 1-bromopropane reacts with KCN to form propanenitrile, using nucleophilicsubstitutionStep 2 - Propanenitrile reacts with hydrogen when heated over a nickel catalyst to formbutanamine (or 1-aminobutane)
 Alkane to Amine
Step 1 - Ethane reacts with chlorine in UV light, using free radical substitution to formchloroethane.Step 2 - Chloroethane reacts with ammonia to form ethylamine
Halogenoalkane to Alkene
This is an elimination reaction
Nitrile to Carboxylic Acid 
The nitrile is converted to carboxylic acid by acid hydrolysis.

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