Alkane to Amine
Step 1 - Ethane reacts with chlorine in UV light, using free radical substitution to formchloroethane.Step 2 - Chloroethane reacts with ammonia to form ethylamine
Halogenoalkane to Alkene
This is an elimination reaction
Nitrile to Carboxylic Acid
The nitrile is converted to carboxylic acid by acid hydrolysis.