5.3.2 - Draw and label a graph showing a sigmoid (S-shaped) population growth curve
At the beginning, the is a short lag phase, as the population adapt to their environment
Also called the log phase. This is when there are low or reduced limiting factors, allowing the population to expand exponentially in the habitat. It may be increasing by 2n where n = number of generations. In these circumstances, the rate of natality and immigration is higher than mortality and emigration. However, emigration and mortality will not = 0. During this time, little waste product accumulates, and there is adequate nutrients. These conditions are typical of a population of germinating annual plants in a new season. Also, a bacterial population during the initial phases of an infection, or of any species occupying a previously unoccupied habitat (succession)
Also called the linear growth phase. During this time, resources are reduced and the growth of the population becomes limited. This comes as a result of increased competition as the population grows. Some individuals will survive, who obtain the resources, while others will not. This produces a lower rate of population growth than that observed in the exponential phase.