(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 6, 2011
regulations, and allows a transmission in no line of sight(NLOS) space.WiMAX would be an alternative to wired broadbandtechnologies. It would reinforce the connection in terms of capacity, rate and coverage. Its transmission capacities aretheoretically of 70 Mbps for a range of 50 km. In practice, itallows a transmission rate of 10 Mbps for a range of 20 Km.Figure 2 shows the WiMAX network architecture.
Figure 2. network architecture
Comparaison between WiMAX and WiFi
The table I recapitulates the difference between WiFi andWiMAX technologies.
TABLE I. T
ParameterWifi 802.11WiMAX 802.16Difference
RangeAbout 300metersmaximum Up to 45 Km-cells of 5 to 10KmThe physical layer of 802.16 toleratestimeouts (reflections)through theimplementation of 256FFT (Fast FourierTransform) as against 64for 802.11 CoverageOptimized forshort rangeinsideLong-rangeoptimized foroutdoor use802.16 has betterpenetration throughobstacles to longerdistancesAdaptabilityDesigned forLANs, is for adozen users,band sizes of fixedfrequencies(20 MHz)Designed tosupport up to 100users, sizes of bands varyingfrom 15 to 20MHz802.11 MAC protocoluses a CSMA/CA while802.16 uses TDMA.802.16 can use all theavailable frequencieswhereas 802.11 islimitedBit rate2.7 bps/Hz orup to 54 Mbpsin 20 MHz5 bps/Hz or up to100 Mbps in 20MHzHigher frequencycoupled with errorcorrection providingbetter use of spectrumQuality of Service(QoS)quality of servicesupport(802.11e)Integrated inMAC at differentslayers802.11 avoids collisionsof messages viaCSMA/CA.802.16: same frequencybut spread overtime(TDMA)
HANDOVERThe handover  is the mechanism which ensures thecontinuity of the connection of one MSS (Mobile SubscriberStation) during its dismrage area of a BaseStatt Base Station Switching).wo others theyar
e Hard Handover, the MSS communicates withseveral BS at the same time. The link with the old BS isclishment of the new one. Thehanplaceent of the coveion (BS) to another.The standard 802.16e supports three types of Handoverwhich are:
The Hard Handover,
The MDHO (Macro Diversity Handover),
The FBSS (FasThe Hard handover is obligatory, as for the te optional.
During thcanelled before the estabdover is carried out as from the moment that the signal of the close cell is more important than that of the current BS.Figure 3 shows the Hard Handover execution.
Figure 3. Hard Handover Execution
Macro Diversity Handover(MDHO) B.
While Mity Hted by theMSS and the BS, the whole of diversity is updated at the MSSole of diversity is theacro Diversandover  is supporand the BS. It should be noted that the whlist of the base stations participating to the procedure of Handover, whose field level is higher than a certain value.Moreover, this list is defined for each MSS associated withthe network. During Macro Diversity Handover, the MSS whotakes part in the procedure of Handover communicates with allthe base stations belonging to the whole of diversity. Duringthe procedure of MDHO, in the downlink direction, two basestations or more transmit data to the MSS so this createsdiversity in reception. In the uplink direction, the transmissionsfrom the MSS are received by several base stations.The following figure illustrates the architecture of MacroDiversity Handover.