Iris Image Pre-Processing And MinutiaePoints Extraction
COMPUTER ENGINEERING COMPUTER ENGINEERING HOD, COMPUTER ENGINEERING BVDUCOE BVDUCOE BVDUCOE Pune, Maharashtra, India Pune, Maharashtra, India Pune, Maharashtra, India
An efficient method for personalidentification based on the pattern of human iris isproposed in this paper. Crypto-biometrics is anemerging architecture where cryptography andbiometrics are merged to achieve high level securitysystems. Iris recognition is a method for biometricauthentication that uses pattern-recognitiontechniques based on high-resolution images of theirides of an individual's eyes. Here we discuss about‘recognizing the iris and storing the pattern of the irisrecognized.
Keywords- Biometrics, Cryptography, pattern recognition, Canny edge detection, Hough transform
Independently both biometrics and cryptography play a vital role in the field of security. A blend of these two technologies can produce a high levelsecurity system, known as crypto biometric systemthat assists the cryptography system to encrypt anddecrypt the messages using bio templates. Havingan easier life by the help of developingtechnologies forces people is more complicatedtechnological structure. In today’s world, securityis more important than ever. Today, for securityneeds, detailed researches are organized to set upthe most reliable system. Iris Recognition SecuritySystem is one of the most reliable leadingtechnologies that most people are related . Irisrecognition technology combines computer vision, pattern recognition, statistical inference, and optics.Its purpose is real time, high confidencerecognition of a person's identity by mathematicalanalysis of the random patterns that are visiblewithin the iris of an eye from some distance.Because the iris is a protected internal organ whoserandom texture is stable throughout life, it canserve as a kind of living passport or a living password that one need not remember but canalways present. Because the randomness of iris patterns has very high dimensionality, recognitiondecisions are made with confidence levels highenough to support rapid and reliable exhaustivesearches through national-sized databases ,[ 3].2.
Robust representations for pattern recognition must be invariant under transformations in the size, position, and Orientation of the patterns. For thecase of iris recognition, this means that we mustcreate a representation that is invariant to theoptical size of the iris in the image (which dependsupon both the distance to the eye, and the cameraoptical magnification factor); the size of the pupilwithin the iris, the location of the iris within theimage and the iris orientation, which depends uponhead tilt, torsional eye rotation within its socket,and cameraFigure 1. iris preprocessing and pattern generationangles, compounded with imaging through pan/tilteye finding mirrors that introduce additional imagerotation factors as a function of eye position,camera position, and mirror angles. Fortunately,invariance to all of these factors can readily beachieved. The dilation and constriction of theelastic meshwork of the iris when the pupil changessize is intrinsically modelled by this coordinatesystem as the stretching of a homogeneous rubber sheet, having the topology of an annulus anchoredalong its outer perimeter, with tension controlled byan (o,-centred) interior ring of variable radius.The main functional components of extant irisrecognition systems consist of image acquisition,iris localization, and pattern matching. In