TOTN: Development of a tourism
specific ontologyfor information retreival in Tamilnadu tourism
K.R.Ananthapadmanaban,Research Scholar,Sri Chandrasekarendra SaraswathiViswaMahavidyalaya University,Enathur, Kanchipuram-631 561,Dr.S.K.Srivatsa,Senior Professor,
College of Engg.,Jeppiaar Nagar,Chennai-600 064
Tourism is an information business. Electronic tourismis one of the activities that have enjoyed of an important successin the Internet. The constant fast growth in travel relatedinformation makes it difficult to find, organize, access andmaintain the information required by users. E-tourism is aperfect candidate form Semantic web and the success of SemanticWeb depends on ontologies. Ontology, an explicit specification of Conceptualization  and provides a description of the domain of interest. This paper focus on creating tourism ontology in orderto improve the process of searching for the perfect tourismpackage according to user context for Tamilnadu tourism.
Keywords-component; Ontologies, semantic web, Protégé tool,OWL
The study of E-Commerce in the tourism industry has
emerged as a „frontier area‟ for information technology .Tourism has become the world‟
s largest trade and its expansionshows a constant year-to-
year raise.”Competitive benefit is no
longer ordinary, but increasingly driven by science,information technology and innovation . The internet isalready the major source for travelers to plan their trip. Thoughthe web is rich of content the users find difficult on retrievingdata from the large set, which consumes more human effort.Current web has been designed for direct human processing,
but the next generation “semantic web “aims at machin
eprocess able information . Recent advances in the semanticweb technologies offer means for organization to exchangeknowledge in meaningful way . The application that offersthese new online solutions is based on ontology. Ontology andontology based information retrieval have the potential tosignificantly improve the process of searching on the WorldWide Web. This paper proposes ontology creation for tourismin Tamilnadu based on the user profile and user interest tosearch for perfect destination for tourist.II.
EMANTIC WEB LAYER
Ontology is an explicit formal specification of shared
conceptualization  . “Conceptualization means an abstract
simplified view of the World. The World actually refers tosome phenomenon, topic or subject area in the World.
“Explicit” means that the type of concepts and the constraints
on using the concept are explicitly defined in the data structureof ontology
. “Formal” indicates that the
ontology should be
machine interpretable. “Specification” means a declarativ
representation of Knowledge. “Shared” implies that
ontology isnot supposed to represent the subjective knowledge of someindividual, but it captures consensual knowledge accepted by agroup or a community. In short ontology is the manifestation of shared understanding of a domain that acquired a consensus,and such consensus can facilitate effective communications.This in turn leads to other benefits such as interoperability,reuse and sharing  . Semantic web is about making theweb more understandable by computer . Hence, ontologiesform the backbone of semantic web  as a method forknowledge representation and sharing on the web. Thesemantic web architecture lists the underlying machineunderstandable languages for knowledge representation. XML(Extensible Markup Language), RDF (Resource DescriptionFramework) and OWL (Web Ontology Language) are thoselanguages and OWL facilitates greater machine interpretabilityof web content than of XML and RDF.OWL is a set of XML elements and attributes, with well-defined meaning, that are used to define terms and theirrelationships (e.g. Class, equivalent property, intersection Of,Union Of, etc.,). Reasoning tasks like verification of ontologyconsistency, computing inferences and realization can be easilyexecuted with OWL representation.III.
Presentation of tourist destinations on the web makes ahuge amount of data. As quality of available information islarge, it is difficult for the tourist to find his desired destination.Ontology has the potential to improve the process of searchingappropriate destination according to user preference. Here weare going to analyze various papers on tourism ontologies.Eleni Tomai, Stavros Michael and Poulicos Prastacosexplored how the use of ontologies in a web-basedenvironment can be used for tourism applications. Theirmethodology consist of building two separate ontologies, onefor the user profile and another one concerning tourisminformation and data in order to assist visitors of an area to plantheir visit. The user profile ontology is elicited by userresponses by means of a form (interface) where user can fill thearea of interest and tourism ontology developed by the serviceprovider. In this paper, reference point for all users is taken tobe the centre of city Heraklion. Concepts such as time neededto visit interested destinations, time needed to visit interesteddestinations from the point of reference, average time to see the
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 6, June 2011188http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500