part. But the edge information is over smoothed by the smoother filter. To overcomethis problem by applying lighting invariant preprocessing methods.In order to vanquish the drawback of SQI, a new method enhanced self quotientimage is proposed and dispeled in detail. Toapply ESQI to face recognition, feature isessensed using subspace method and the performance of PCA, KPCA and ICA areascertained and compared. A large scale CAS-PEAL face database is used for check thevalidity of algorithms. Compared with SQIface sample preprocessed, the ESQI modelcould improve the performance of facerecognition algorithm.
SQI frame work
The Lambertian model can bedecomposition into two parts 1. The intrinsic part. 2. The extrinsic part.I (x, y) = (x, y) n(x, y)
· S -------------- (1)= F (x, y) · S
Where is albedo and n is the surface normal.The main problem for accurate facerecognition is to separating the two factors anddetach the extrinsic factors are a key toattaining robust face recognition.
Self quotient image
We define the self quotient image as anintrinsic property of face image. The self quotient image Q of image I is ipsofacto byQ == ---------------- (2)Where * is convolution operator, I is thesmoothed I and F is the smoothing kernel andthe division id point-wise as in the primequotient image. The self quotient image hasillumination invariant properties as ostensive below using Lambertian model but withshadow. When shadow present the Lambertianmodel equation can be epitomize aI = max ( n
· S, 0) ------------- (3)
In a self quotient image, we regardthree regions with divergent shapes andshadow conditions.Region 1:In the absence of shadow and presentssmall surface normal variation. In this case,
is a constant, then wehaveQ(u,v)=
= ------- (4)In this case Q is quantisly illuminationfree and be contingent on the albedo of the faceRegion 2:In the absence of shadow but presentlarge surface normal variation. In this case
is not a constant. The SQI is given byQ(u,v) = = -------- (5)In this case Q is contingent on surface normal,albedo and illuminationRegion 3In shadow regions. In this case the grayvalue of image is relatively low and does notvary. Let us feigned that light is harmoniouslyscattered from all directions in shadow regions.The summation of the dot product between nand S
is constant in such region. N
is a constant and
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 6, June 2011265http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500