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Explicit Solution of Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equations by an Iterative Decomposition Method

# Explicit Solution of Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equations by an Iterative Decomposition Method

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In this paper, an iterative decomposition method is applied to solve partial differential equations. The solution of a partial differential equation of the hyperbolic form is obtained by the stated method in the form of an infinite series of easily computable terms. Some examples are given and the solutions obtained by the method are found to compare favourably with the known exact solutions.
In this paper, an iterative decomposition method is applied to solve partial differential equations. The solution of a partial differential equation of the hyperbolic form is obtained by the stated method in the form of an infinite series of easily computable terms. Some examples are given and the solutions obtained by the method are found to compare favourably with the known exact solutions.

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11/09/2011

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Explicit Solution of Hyperbolic PartialDifferential Equations by an IterativeDecomposition Method
1*
2
, Odetunde, O.S.
3
1
Department of Computer Science and Mathematics, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo Ogun State, Nigeria
2
. Department Electrical/Electronics Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria
3
. Department of Mathematical Science, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State,Nigeria
todetunde@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract- In this paper, an iterative decomposition method is applied to solve partial differential equations. The solution of a partial differential equation of the hyperbolic form is obtained by the stated method in the form of an infinite series of easily computable terms.Some examples are given and the solutions obtained by the method are found to compare favourably with the known exact solutions.
Keywords:
Hyperbolic partial differential equation,iterative decomposition method, analytical solution
.
I. I
NTRODUCTION
An equation involving two or more partialderivatives of an unknown function of two or moreindependent variables is called a Partial Differentialequation.The most general second order linear partialdifferential equation in two independent variables xand y in this paper can be expressed generally in theform++++ e (1)Or++ = H (x, y, u, ) (2)where a, b and c are function of x and y and H is alinear function of u,,.Thus equation (2) is called linear, and is a form of (1). The second order derivatives occur only to thefirst degree .If in equation (2), b
2_
4ac >0, theequation is called Hyperbolic.Since the governing equation in manyphenomena of engineering, science, andmathematical physics lead to hyperbolic equations,such as the wave equations, much attention is givento the study of this class of partial differentialequation by mathematicians.Various numerical methods have been applied tosolve hyperbolic partial differential equations. SeeRef[4 ]. However, many of these methods, commonlyused as characteristic methods require large size of computational work, and round-off error causes lossof accuracy [2]. The present paper attempts to presenta method for the expilict solution of hyperbolicpartial differential equation. The results obtained arecompared with known analytical solution. Forproblems whose analytical solutions are unknown,the method will be appropriate.The paper is organised as follows: section 2presents the iterative decomposition method, section3 considers the method of section 2 for hyperbolicequations. In section 4, we present examples toillustrate the simplicity, efficiency and accuracy of the method. A conclusion is drawn in section 5II THE ITERATIVE DECOMPOSITIONMETHODThe idea of the iterative decomposition methodcan be conveyed considering equation (1) as anequation in the form(4)Where k is a constant and N(u) is the nonlinear term.We may find the solution of (4) in a series form suchas(5)We can decompose the nonlinear operator N as(6)
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 6, June 2011307http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

From equations (5) and (6), equation (4) is thenequivalent to(7)From equation (7), we define the followingiterative scheme(x, y) = N ( (8)m=1, 2, 3...Thus,(9)III Application of the iterative DecompositionMethod.Consider the hyperbolic equation (2) with thefollowing initial conditions;(10)(x,0) =g(x) (11)Using, we can put,(12)in operation form asu = H(x,y,u, ,) -(13)The inverse operator of denoted isdefined as(.) =Thenu(x,y) = u(x,0) + (x,0)
+
H(x,y,u, ,) - } (14)and= {- } (15)Then, the solution of equation two will be given asWe can determine the component u
n
as far as ourdesired accuracy of the approximation. The n-terms
can be used to approximate thesolution.
III Numerical Experiments.We shall now consider the application of the iterativedecomposition method.Example 4. [ ] Consider the hyperbolic partialdifferential equation(16)with the initial condition(17)The exact solution of this problem isPutting equation (16) in operator form, we have- (18)L =Applying the inverse operator L
1
to both sides of (18)where
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 6, June 2011308http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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