3.3. Proposed Algorithm
The classification of input sample now goes throughthe following process:A.
For every input candidate sample I, calculatethe recognition Ratio (R (K )) for each learnt pattern k.B.
Find out the value of k for which R(k) hasthe highest value.C.
If highest value is too small (< 0.5) then itindicates poor recognition. In such situation:There are two possibilities;a)
Assume that the candidate pattern has no existence insideknowledge baseOR b)
Train the network with thecandidate pattern until aacceptable value of R(k) is got.
Classify the input candidate pattern as beinganalogous to the Kth learnt pattern OR carryon the training for getting improved performance.
In Fig.(3.3 ), output k given by selector is obtained by building the optimal selection ( mentioned in step D)
Recognition capability of the system can be tested,result shown in figure 5 and 6 below. Here, 5 and 7are input to the system, while the system is alreadytrained on different patterns of 5. Recognitionquotient for input 5 is Q=0.68, which is abovesatisfactory performance of the system. For input pattern 7, Q= 0.19, which is very poor performance,as system was not trained on 7.
Figure 5. Recognition digit 5
Figure 6. Recognition of digit 7.IV.
A simplistic approach for recognition of handwritten digits using artificial neural networks has been described.System is highly adaptive; minor errors andvariations in patterns don’t affect recognitionefficiency of the system. Network is trained on 250different handwritten fonts of digits. The knowledge base of the proposed system can be updated byfeeding it new fonts of digits or feeding different patterns of earlier digits. Despite the computationalcomplexity involved, proposed artificial neuralnetworks offered satisfactory recognition results,which will be discussed in detail in my thesis.R
. Neil Fraser. Software Recog, open source VB-based software,available at http://neil.fraser.name/software/recog. Sajjad S. Ahranjany, Farbod Razzazi , “A Very High AccuracyHandwritten Character Recognition System for Farsi/Arabic DigitsUsing Convolutional Neural Networks”Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA),2010 IEEE Fifth International Conference. Zhang Xinbo; Wu Lili; “Hand Written Digit Recognition Basedon Improved Rate BP Algorithn”, Information Engineering andComputer Science (ICIECS), 2010 2nd International Conferenceon Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ICIECS.2010.5678315Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1 - 4 S. A. Husain, Asma Sajjad, Fareeha Anwar, “Online UrduCharacter Recognition System”, MVA2007 IAPR Conference onMachine Vision Applications, May 16-18, 2007, Tokyo, JAPAN JORMA LAAKSONEN , “Subspace Classifiers in Recognitionof Handwritten Digits”, Doctoral Thesis, Helsinki University of Technology Department of Computer Science and EngineeringLaboratory of Computer and Information Science P.O. Box 2200 Ping Zhang, “Reliable Recognition of Handwritten DigitsUsing A Cascade Ensemble Classifier System and HybridFeatures”, Doctoral Thesis, Concordia University Montreal,Quebec, Canada April 2006 ©Ping Zhang, 2006.. Alexander J. Faaborg, Using Neural Networks to Create anAdaptive Character Recognition System,March 2002, available at:http://web.media.mit.edu/~faaborg/research/cornell/hci_neuralnetwork_finalPaper.pdf
About The Authors:
Mr. Muhammad Zubair Asghar
is PhD student in Institute of Computing and information technology, Gomal UniversityD.I.Khan, Pakistan. He has got distinction throughout his academiccarrier.. Author has also done work in the area of Software
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 6, June 2011321http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500