Herman Hollerith, a census statistician at the US Census Bureau developed card punching and readingmachines. He formed his own company later, "The Computing Tabulating Recording Company" which is better knowntoday as one of the largest manufacturers of computers - IBM or International Business Machine Corporation -Headquartered in the USA.
1906 AD - Thermionic ValvesLee De Forest, in 1906, made a breakthrough in developing the technology of "Thermionic Valves".1937-1944 AD - MARK I ComputerHoward Aiken with IBM's support built the first automatic Electro-mechanicalcomputer using relays and switches. The BUGS There is a well known fable about Mark I which indication to the adoption of theword "BUG" for use in computers.
Once Mark I developed a certain fault and no amount of effort was spared to locate the same. Every portion of thehuge Mark I, computers of those days used to be monstrously big machines occupying several rooms, wasthoroughly searched for the fault. After spending considerable time and effort it was found that on one of the electricalconnections of the "Back-Plane Panel" of the machine a "MOTH" had got struck bringing the machine to a grindinghalt. The moth was removed when Mark-I started functioning. It was then stated that "Mark I was 'Debugged'."
Computer Fundamental By Raju Sharma/3
Bug was incorporated into the computer vocabulary to mean all kinds of errors and like-wise debuggingmeant removing those errors. These two words are commonly used words now in relation to both the hardware andsoftware of computer.
1946 AD - ENIAC
Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator were developed for World War II use. After this theprogress in the Digital Computers has been simply stupendous (amazing).