Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
2Activity

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
virender1234

virender1234

Ratings: (0)|Views: 241 |Likes:
Published by vkvirenderkumar55

More info:

Published by: vkvirenderkumar55 on Jul 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/31/2012

pdf

text

original

 
5.1.0
When we come to analyse their views on society wefind again phenomenal differences between Gandhi,Nehru andChaudhuri Gandhi believes that
all
the political, economicand educational problems
of
man in the society can be solvedby 'spiritual awakening',
He
desires to establish
a
Sarvodaya order of society, first in India, and throughIndia, in the world, He visualises that such a society willbe based on Truth and non-violence.
He
calls for anagrarian society
-
Ram
Raj
-
where everyone engages inmanual labour, and where
a
reformed caste system gives theuntouchables and low caste Indians personal dignity andeconomic self-sufficiency, Exploitation of any sort will
be
conspicuousinitbyits
absence.
Equal
opportunities forall will be the order of the day and everybody willputhisor her quota of manual labour and work
for
the common good
of
the society. There will be complete decentralization ofpower
and
industries.
Thus
a casteless, classless society
of
individual will function peacefully, with Satyagraha andnon-violence
as
effective weapons in times of need,
If
Gandhi sounds rural,
Nehru
is
urban
in his approach
to
society.
His
strategy, dramatically different
from
Gandhi
s,
calls for industrial development,
an
active state
 
to promote social and economic reform, an end to therigidities of the caste system, and an effort to achieveequality of .opportunity. However, Nehru realises thatindustrializition cannot provide employment
to
the
millionsin the villages and urban centres in the country.Therefore, in accordance with Gandhi's preference fordevelopment
of
cottage and village industries,
Nehru
fxnphasises their establishment
along
with industrialisation.Though non-religious, he does not rule out the influence ofreligion on the society and even appreciates the works
of
religious reformers who tried to change the society,Whereas, Chaudhuri's critical surgery of the social andfamilial relationship is highly controversial, To him,Nehru's zeal for industrialization will only modernize
the
aboriginals thereby destroying their culture, Surprisingly,he defends caste system.
He
believes that
the
ancient Hindusociety made adherence to the caste system as a sacred duty.Therefore the various charges which are made against
the
caste system are totally baseless,
5.2.0
Not only is man
a
being who only attains his realnature in society;
he
is a being who has alwayslived in some form or other of society, even
if
his
earliest society was only that of the familygroup. (Joad
1948:
36-37)
 
It
is a well known fact that man
has
always belonged to asociety
of
one kind or another and that without it
he
cannotexist.That society might have been the state, the tribe oreven
the
family
to
which
he
might have belonged. PascualGilbert says;That 'man'has
not
only a 'capacity'
for
sociallife but also an 'intrinsic need of it, it is aself obvious fact..
No
human
being
is
known
tohave normally developed in isolation.(Gilbert
1963:
44)
It is clear that society is nothing accidently added to orsuperimposed on human nature. It is something which isconsonant with it and
fulfils
a
vital need
in
man'sconstitution, Indeed, as Aristotle said, 'Man
is
social bynature'5.2.1 It is interesting to note that society
as
acomplex of social relationships
never
stands still and is
in
a
perennial state of flux,
The
alterations in the nature,content and structure
of
groups
and
institutions and in therelationships among men, groups, and institutions,during
a
sequence of time, constitute the bind
of
social change.Changes in society are not isolated happenings
and

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->