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MP-125, Heating and Cooling with Renewable Energy: An Introduction to Geothermal Heat Pumps

MP-125, Heating and Cooling with Renewable Energy: An Introduction to Geothermal Heat Pumps

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Also known as a ground-source pump, geo-exchange system, or simply an earth energy system, geothermal heat pumps (GHPs) are a central heating and/or air conditioning system that principally utilizes solar en-ergy stored in the ground. Geothermal systems use the ground as either a source of heat in the winter or as a cooling agent in the summer. Like a cave, the subsurface ground temperatures stay warmer than the air in the winter and cooler than the air in the summer. GHP technology harnesses this readily available natural resource and uses it to heat and cool build-ings. GHPs do not create heat; instead, they merely transfer energy from one place to another by pumping heat to or from the ground.
Also known as a ground-source pump, geo-exchange system, or simply an earth energy system, geothermal heat pumps (GHPs) are a central heating and/or air conditioning system that principally utilizes solar en-ergy stored in the ground. Geothermal systems use the ground as either a source of heat in the winter or as a cooling agent in the summer. Like a cave, the subsurface ground temperatures stay warmer than the air in the winter and cooler than the air in the summer. GHP technology harnesses this readily available natural resource and uses it to heat and cool build-ings. GHPs do not create heat; instead, they merely transfer energy from one place to another by pumping heat to or from the ground.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: University of Wyoming Extension on Jul 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/07/2011

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RenewableeneRgy
Hi  Ci ih a Iruci ghr H Pup
By Milton Geiger and Tina Russell
MP-125
PotentIal wyomIng aPPlICatIons
•Buildingswithbothheatingandair-conditioningloads 
– 
 A GHPcan serve both needs and actually improve overall system eciency by storing heat rom the summer in the ground or use in the winter.
•Currentlyusepropane,fueloil,oranelectricfurnace 
– 
GHPsoer an alternative to these high-cost uels. Signicant retrots, pri-marily the installation o ducts, can be required i electric baseboardsystems are replaced.
•RuralsmallbusinesseseligibleforUSDAgrantfunding 
– 
 Withtax credits, accelerated depreciation, and USDA grant unding, aGHP is a very cost-eective investment.
•Newconstruction(bothbusinessandhomes)
– 
 Adding a GHPduring initial construction when excavation is required can signi-cantly lower initial costs.
•Coupledwithsolarelectric 
– 
GHPs can be coupled with on-gridsolar electric (photovoltaic) to power the pump and compressor.Tis makes the system entirely reliant on carbon-ree renewableenergy!
 wHeRe to fInd an InstalleR:
UW Cooperative Extension maintains a regularly updated list o Inter-national Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA)-accreditedinstallers on our “Renewable and Ecient Energy – Solutions or Wyoming” website. Please see the back cover or the link.
May 2011
 want moRe InfoRmatIon?
More inormation on how GHPs work, incentives, economiceasibility, and potential applications in Wyoming can beound at UW Cooperative Extension Service’s
“R  eici er –sui r wi” hp://.u.u/r-r  ContaCt InfoRmatIon:
University o WyomingCooperative Extension ServiceMilton GeigerEnergy Coordinator1000 E. University Avenue, Dept. 3354Laramie, WY 82071(307) 766-3002mgeiger1@uwyo.edu
 Issued in furtherance of cooperative extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30,1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Glen Whipple, director,Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071. Persons seeking admission, employment, or access to programs of the University of Wyoming shall be considered without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin,disability, age, political belief, veteran status, sexual orientation, and marital or familial  status. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication or  program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact their local UW 
CES ofce. To le a complaint, write to the UW Employment Practices/Afrmative ActionOfce, University of Wyoming, Department 3434, 1000 E. University Avenue, Laramie,
WY 82071.
Images: Courtesy U.S. DOE/NREL

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