3. Digoxin toxicity s/s: N/V, diarrhea, abd pain, vision change4.Urine discoloration:Adriamycyn------ ReddishRifabutin--------- Red orangeRifampicin------- Red orangeBactrim---------- Red orangeRobaxin--------- Brown, Black or GreenishAzulfidine------ Orange yellowFlagyl------------ BrownishDilantin---------- Pink tingedAnti Psychotic-- Pinkish to Red brown [Trifluoperazine] (Stelazine)
5.S/S of hypoxia in infant: feeding difficulty, inspiratory stridor, nares flare, expiratory grunting, sternalretractions
6.Cushing's dyndrome: tx- lifelong adm. of glucocorticoid synthesis inhibitor(
, is amedication used in the treatment of the rare disease adrencortical carcinoma)Inform that there will be poor wound healing7. Anaphylactic reactioncaused by infusion of IgA proteins to IgA-deficient recipient who has developed anti-IgA-antibodies.S/S:Anxiety, urticaria, wheezing progressing to cyanosis, shock, and possible cardiac arrest8. Acute hemolyticcaused by infusion of ABO-incompatible red blood cells.S/S: Chills, fever, low back pain, flushing, tachycardia, hemoglobinuria, hypotension, vascular collapse,bleeding, acute renal failure, shock, cardiac arrest, death.
congenital aganglionic megacolon
, involves an
of the colon,caused by bowel obstruction resulting from an aganglionic section of bowel (the normal enteric nerves areabsent) that starts at the anus and progresses upwards.DX: Rectal biopsy looking for absence of ganglioniccells .Cardinal sign in infants is failure to pass meconium, and later the classic ribbon-like and foul smelling stools10. Anastrozole (Arimidex) is prescribed for a postmenopausal client with breastcancer. a/e:thromboembolism11.Cytarabine (Cytosar-U):for nonlymphocytic anemia patient. Toxic effect: bonemarrow depression(s/s: fever, sore throat, signs of local infection, easy bruising, or unusual bleeding fromany site). Inform the MD!!12.Docetaxel (Taxotere): antineoplastic agent.S/E:alopecia, hypersensitivity reaction, fluid retention; Pt isprescribed an oral corticosteroid (dexamethasone (Decadron) 16 mg per day for 5 days, beginning day 1before docetaxel therapy) to reduce the severity of fluid retention or prevent a hypersensitivity reaction.13.Stavudine (Zerit): for HIV.S/E: Peripheral neuropathy,14.Ritonavir (Norvir): for HIV; Adm with food.15.Propofol (Diprivan) is an anesthetic agent for mechanical ventilation. A/E: HoTN16.NPH insulin peak time: 6-12 hours17.Chest tube: keep the water seal and suction control chamber at the appropriate water levels by addingsterile water as needed because water loss by evaporation may occur.18.PCOS- polycystic ovarian syndrome: is treated with oral contraceptives(treat menstrual irregularities andacne), glucophage(Metformin)(is used to improve insulin uptake by fat and muscle cells and treatshyperinsulinemia) and Clomid(Clomiphene) is to treat infertility.19.A decreased urinary output for the first 24 hours after surgery is a normal response from an increasedsecretion of Aldosterone and ADH.20.Paralytic ileus: is treated by insertion of a NG tube.21.Hematocrit:40%,Venous blood is used, reflects the ratio of blood cells to plasma.22.SLE s/s:photosensitivity, neuropathies, thrombocytopenia, pleural effusion23.Localized allergic reation: urticaria at the injection site24.Autonomic dysreflexia prevention: Check the urinary drainage system for obstructions, monitor bowelmovement regularity.25.LDL/HDL ratio: <4 is acceptable