to an authentically metropolitan model;
this circumstance did not arise againuntil the present.The result of this planning that was broadly overwhelmed in its first years, was aprocess of occupation of the land at an accelerated pace, the use of partial,fragmentary and incoherent plans –as a habitual system of detracting from theDistrict Plan–, irregularities, increases in developable land, changes of land use,etc..So this was a long phase, therefore, in which
the territory’s only strategy was toadapt itself to the needs of industrial processes and the needs of a broadmass of new citizens
that flocked in –first to Barcelona, then to the surroundingmunicipalities– attracted by the growing demand for human resources.
With high points and low points, this phase lasted until the mid 1970s,
whenthe major recession that took place led to a new social and economic model thatwould involve notable changes in social and productive behaviour and, obviously,have effects on specific territories.This step from one model to another was not immediate.
1.2.The transition towards a new socioeconomic model
Three important events characterise the birth of the transition phase:
the arrivalof democracy and the new values that Spain’s entry into the EuropeanEconomic Community meant for municipality representatives,
the end of theindustrial crisis, together with
the boom in new technologies and their rapidtranslation into new productive activities.
The new urban values of democracy revaluated the suburban reality of manymunicipalities and a constant advance was initiated towards the
consolidation ofnew urban realities
conceived by then as veritable towns, with better cohesion,better integration and a renewed citizen identity. Nonetheless,
,necessarily focussed on the sphere of each town considered alone,
left on theback burner those aspects typical of a metropolitan vision,
since this functionhad not been taken on by any other administrative body. Therefore,
these townsreconsidered their role
, with a clearly proactive vocation as regards economicand social projects, and, in short, with a virtually generalised use of strategicplanning as an instrument for participation and the projection of each of the towns.At the current time, the following municipalities have strategic plans: Molins de Rei,Sant Boi, Sant Just, Santa Coloma, Baix Llobregat, Esplugues, Barcelona,Cornellà, l’Hospitalet, Badalona, Cerdanyola, etc.