A Design for Low Cost Electronic Toll CollectionSystem with Secured Data Communication
Ahmad Zubair, Sourav Mahmood Sagar, Pran Kanai Saha, and Shaikh Anowarul Fattah
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhaka, Bangladeshfattah@eee.buet.ac.bd
— Electronic toll collection (ETC) with combinedinformation and communication technology has become a majorconcern in the intelligent transportation systems. In this paper,an efficient design of ETC system is proposed, whichincorporates automatic vehicle classification, identification, andviolation enforcement. In the proposed design, to enhance thelevel of security in data communication, a two stage protocolsbased on digital watermarking and encryption algorithms areintroduced. Moreover, a short message service (SMS) basednotification system is proposed to facilitate user convenience. Aprototype of the proposed system is developed and found to meetthe desired specifications. Here use of simple infraredtechnology minimizes both overall cost and complexity. In thedesign of the prototype, aspects related to the real lifeimplementation have been taken into consideration. From acomparative performance analysis, it is found that the proposedscheme is superior to some of the existing methods in terms of advanced technological features, security, overall cost, and easeof implementation.
electronic toll collection, intelligent transportationsystem, vehicle identification, vehicle classification, prepaidvehicle, security, violation enforcement, SMS based notification.
Electronic toll collection (ETC) system is basicallydesigned for an uninterrupted toll collection, which has become an important part of intelligent transportation system. Numerous advanced technologies, such as global satellitenavigation, automated number plate recognition, anddedicated short range communication (DSRC) are being usedin ETC system implemented in different developed countries-. However, the third world developing countries arestill deprived of these technologies due to high cost andtechnological complexity. Recent research on ETC system ismainly concerned with combining the information andcommunication technology with transport infrastructure .The overall ETC system is expected to provide highoperating efficiency, low travel time, improved highwaysafety, and low level of pollution. An ETC system with allthese desirable features is still in great demand.In this paper, an efficient ETC system is designedincorporating information and communication technology.The main idea behind the proposed design is to offer a verylow cost and ease of implementation while providing severaladvanced features with high level of security. Three major intelligent aspects are incorporated in the proposed ETCsystem to make it compatible with a standard intelligenttransportation system. In the proposed AVI and AVE systems,a central server based data communication scheme isemployed, where unlike conventional technologies a twostage security system is proposed. The uniqueness in the proposed design lies in introducing a robust encryptionalgorithm along with a short message service (SMS) basednotification system. A prototype of the proposed ETC systemis also implemented incorporating all the features mentionedabove. Moreover, a comparative performance analysis alongwith a real-life cost estimate is also provided.II.
The vehicle entered near the tollbooth is passed throughthe AVC, AVI, and AVE blocks of the proposed ETC systemas shown in Fig. 1 with a simple flow diagram. Fig. 2 depictsa real life situation via a schematic diagram, where somemajor components are shown. The AVC system is incorpo-rated to determine an appropriate amount of toll to be paid bya vehicle depending on its load on the road, such as length,height, and speed. The AVI system is designed to perform thetask of vehicle verification or identification, in particular for prepaid tolling system. Use of an AVE system helpsidentifying vehicles those are violating the rules and it provides better traffic control and criminal detection. In whatfollows we describe the detailed design of all these blocks.
Automatic Vehicle Classification (AVC)
In the proposed method, vehicles are classified consideringvehicle length, height, and speed. A combination of all threefactors is used to determine the required amount of toll.1)
In order to classify vehicles passingthrough the tollbooth into five different classes, namely extralarge (E), large (L), medium (M), small (S), tiny (T), five setsof static sensors are used as shown in Fig. 3. Vehicle length isdetermined based on the change in the output level of acertain number of sensors. In Fig. 3, the car entering will be
Fig. 1 Complete flow chart for the proposed ETC system.
6th International Conference on Electrical and Computer EngineeringICECE 2010, 18-20 December 2010, Dhaka, Bangladesh978-1-4244-6279-7/10/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE