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Combat in Built Up Areas Subcourse IN0531

Combat in Built Up Areas Subcourse IN0531

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COMBAT IN BUILT-UP AREAS
Subcourse Number IN0531United State Army Infantry SchoolFort Benning, GA 31905-55938 credit hoursEffective Date: December 1992 
OVERVIEW
In this subcourse you will learn the principles governing military operations in urbanizedterrain, specifically how to wage combat in built-up areas.There are no prerequisites for this subcourse.Unless otherwise stated, the masculine gender of singular pronouns is used to refer to both men and women.TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:ACTION:You will identify the principles of combat in built-up areas.CONDITION:You will be given information from FM 90-10-1.STANDARD:To demonstrate competency of this task, you must achieve aminimum of 70 percent on the subcourse examination.REFERENCES:The material contained in this subcourse was derived fromthe following publication:FM 90-10-1 
Table of Contents
Subcourse OverviewLesson 1:Principles of Combat in Built-up AreasPart A: Introduction to Combat in Built-up AreasPart B: Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield
 
Part C: Offensive OperationsPart D: Defensive OperationsPractice ExerciseLesson 2:Combat Techniques in Built-up AreasPart A: Fundamental Combat Skills in a Built-Up AreaPart B: Employment and Effects of Weapons in Built-up AreasPart C: MOUT TechniquesPractice ExerciseIN0531 Edition D Examination 
LESSON 1
PRINCIPLES OF COMBAT IN BUILT-UP AREAS
 
OVERVIEW
LESSON DESCRIPTION:In this lesson you will learn the principles guiding combat in built-up areas and militaryoperations on urbanized terrain (MOUT). You will learn about the offensive anddefensive operations of potential adversaries, our own concept of the offense and defensein an urban environment with examples of battalion task force, company, and platoonattacks on defended built-up areas. You will also learn the characteristics of built-upareas, and defensive operations at the battalion, company, and platoon levels.TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:ACTION:Identify the principles of combat in built-up areas.CONDITION:You will be given information from FM 90-10-1.STANDARD:The principles of combat in built-up areas will be identifiedin accordance with FM 90-10-1.REFERENCESThe material contained in this lesson was derived from the
 
:following publication:FM 90-10-1 
INTRODUCTION
The increased population and accelerated growth of cities have made the problems of combat in built-up areas an urgency for the U.S. Army. This type of combat cannot beavoided. The distribution of smaller, built-up areas within the urban complex makeisolation by encirclement increasingly difficult. Military operations on urbanized terrain(MOUT) can now be defined as the future battlefield in Europe and Asia with brigadeand higher-level commanders focusing on these operations. At the tactical level, the battalion commander and his subordinates must focus on the actual combat in built-upareas. This subcourse provides the infantry battalion commander and his subordinates asource for tactics, techniques, and procedures for fighting in built-up areas. 
PART A - INTRODUCTION TO COMBAT IN BUILT-UP AREAS
1. Background.Friendly and enemy doctrine reflect the fact that more attention must be given to urbancombat. Expanding urban development affects military operations as the terrain isaltered. Although the current doctrine still applies, the increasing focus on low intensityconflict (LIC), urban terrorism, and civil disorder emphasizes combat in built-up areas isunavoidable.a. AirLand Battle. AirLand Battle doctrine describes the Army's approach togenerating and applying combat power at the operational and tactical levels. It is based on securing or retaining the initiative and exercising it aggressively toaccomplish the mission. The four basic AirLand Battle tenets of initiative, agility,depth, and synchronization are constant. During combat in built-up areas, the principles of AirLand Battle doctrine still apply -- only the terrain over whichcombat operations will be conducted has changed. b. Cities. Cities are the centers of finance, politics, transportation, communication,industry, and culture. Therefore, they have often been scenes of important battles(Figure 1-1).(1) Operations in built-up areas are conducted to capitalize on the strategicand tactical advantages of cities and to deny those advantages to theenemy. Often, the side which controls a city has a psychological advantagewhich is usually enough to determine the outcome of larger conflicts.(2) Even in insurgencies, combat occurs in cities. In developing nations,control of only a few cities is often the key to control of national resources.

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