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Chapter 2 Part 1

Chapter 2 Part 1

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Published by Vincent Kok

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Published by: Vincent Kok on Jul 09, 2011
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05/24/2013

 
Form 4 Mathematics Chapter 2
2011
© E-learning for SPM Page 1
Chapter 2 : Quadratic Expressions and Equations2.1 Quadratic Expression
What is a quadratic expression? A quadratic expression have a general form of 
ax
2
 + bx + c
where a, b and c are constant, a
0 and x is a variable. For example,
2x
2
 +7x +5
and
3x
2
+ 6
 How
to recognize
a quadratic expression? A quadratic expression has only
onevariable
and the
highest power is up to 2
only.For example ,
2x
3
+ 4x
2
-5
and
6x
2
 +xy
2
 
 – 
4
are not quadratic expressions while
34- 8y + 15y
2
is a quadraticexpression.
Forming a quadratic expression
Example 1
Expand ( x + 4)(x + 7) to form a quadratic expression.Tips : Multiply one by one
Answer :
= x
2
+ 7x + 4x + 28 ( 4 arrows means 4 terms )
 
= x
2
+ 11x + 28 ( Quadratic expression)
Example 2
Expand (2x + 1 )
2
to form a quadratic expression
.
Tips :
 
We have two methods in solving this. You can use either one. But the 2
nd
 method would be
much faster and easier
! For the 2
nd
method, the general methodis like this
(ax + b)
2
= (ax)
2
+ 2(ax)(b) + (b)
2
 

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