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Table Of Contents

2.1 Coherence — A Simplified Prelude
2.2 Optical Coherence and Decoherence
2.3 Coherence in Diffraction
2.3.1 Rayleigh criterion and resolution
2.3.2 Diffraction from atoms and molecules
2.4 Coherence and Diffraction in Crystallography
2.5 Coherence in Imaging
2.5.1 Basic concepts
2.5.2 Coherence of the source, lateral and temporal
2.6 Instrumental Factors Limiting Coherence
3.1 2D and 3D Imaging
3.2 Electron Crystallography: Combining Diffraction and Imaging
3.3 High-Resolution Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy
3.4 Biological and Other Organic Materials
3.5.1 Combined EELS and ET in cellular biology
3.6 Electron Holography
Applications of 2D and 3D Imaging and Related Techniques
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Real-Space Crystallography via HRTEM and HRSTEM
4.2.1 Encapsulated nanocrystalline structures
4.2.2 Nanocrystalline catalyst particles of platinum
4.2.3 Microporous catalysts and molecular sieves
4.2.4 Other zeolite structures
4.2.6 The value of electron diffraction in solving 3D structures
4.3 Electron Tomography
4.4 Electron Holography
4.5 Electron Crystallography
4.5.1 Other complex inorganic structures
4.5.2 Complex biological structures
4.6 Electron-Energy-Loss Spectroscopy and Imaging
4.7 Atomic Resolution in an Environmental TEM
5.1 Atomic-Scale Resolution in Time
5.1.1 Matter particle–wave duality
5.1.2 Analogy with light
5.1.3 Classical atoms: Wave packets
5.1.4 Paradigm case study: Two atoms
5.2 From Stop-Motion Photography to Ultrafast Imaging
5.2.1 High-speed shutters
5.2.2 Stroboscopy
5.2.3 Ultrafast techniques
5.2.4 Ultrafast lasers
5.3 Single-Electron Imaging
5.3.1 Coherence of ultrafast packets
5.3.2 The double-slit experiment revisited
5.3.3 Ultrafast versus fast imaging
5.3.4 The velocity mismatch and attosecond regime
5.4 4D Microscopy: Brightness, Coherence and Degeneracy
5.4.1 Coherence volume and degeneracy
5.4.2 Brightness and degeneracy
5.4.3 Coherence and Contrast
5.4.4 Contrast, dose, and resolution
6.1 Developments at Caltech — A Brief History
6.2 Instruments and Techniques
6.3 Structure, Morphology, and Mechanics
6.3.1 Selected-area image (diffraction) dynamics
6.3.2 Dynamical morphology: Time-dependent warping
6.3.3 Proof of principle: Gold dynamics
6.3.4 Prototypical case: Graphite in 4D space Atomic motions Resonances in images: Longitudinal elasticity Moiré fringe dynamics
6.4 Selected Other Applications
6.4.1 Structural phase transitions Metal–insulator transformation
6.4.2 Nucleation and crystallization phenomena
6.4.3 Interfaces and biological assemblies Bilayers, phospholipids, and cells
6.4.4 Nanomechanical and optoelectronic systems Channel gating Functional cantilevers Optoelectronic nanorods Diffraction and materials surface charging
6.5 4D Convergent Beam UEM: Nanodiffraction
6.6 4D Near-Field UEM: Nanostructures and Plasmonics
7.1 Introduction
7.2.1 X-ray tomography of biological cells
7.3 Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging
7.4 Extraction of Structures from Powdered Specimens
7.4.2 Energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction
7.4.3 X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy
7.7 The Perennial Problem of Radiation Damage
7.8 Summarizing Assessment
8.1 Visualization and Complexity
8.2 Complexity Paradox: Coherence and Creative Chaos
8.3 From 2(3)D to 4D Microscopy
8.4 Emerging Developments
8.4.1 Materials science
8.4.2 Biological UEM
8.4.3 Structural dynamics: Theory and experiment
8.4.4 Aligned- and single-molecule imaging
8.4.5 Imaging with attosecond electrons
8.5 Epilogue
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4D Electron Microscopy

4D Electron Microscopy

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Published by: Shubhadip Chakraborty on Jul 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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